multivitamins and minerals

Pronunciation

Generic Name: multivitamins and minerals (mull tee VYE tah mins and MIH ner als)
Brand Name: Berocca Plus, Vicon Forte, ...show all 354 brand names.

What is multivitamins and minerals?

This medicine is a combination of many different vitamins and minerals that are normally found in foods and other natural sources.

Multivitamins and minerals are used to provide substances that are not taken in through the diet. Multivitamins and minerals are also used to treat vitamin or mineral deficiencies caused by illness, pregnancy, poor nutrition, digestive disorders, certain medications, and many other conditions.

Multivitamins and minerals may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What is the most important information I should know about multivitamins and minerals?

Never take more than the recommended dose of multivitamins and minerals. Avoid taking more than one vitamin/mineral product at the same time unless your doctor tells you to. Taking similar products together can result in a vitamin overdose or serious side effects.

Slideshow: View Frightful (But Dead Serious) Drug Side Effects

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. An overdose of vitamins A, D, E, or K can cause serious or life-threatening side effects if taken in large doses. Certain minerals may also cause serious overdose symptoms if you take too much.

Do not take this medication with milk, other dairy products, calcium supplements, or antacids that contain calcium. Calcium may make it harder for your body to absorb certain ingredients of the multivitamin.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking multivitamins and minerals?

Multivitamins and minerals can cause serious or life-threatening side effects if taken in large doses. Do not take more of this medication than directed on the label or prescribed by your doctor.

Before you use multivitamins and minerals, tell your doctor about all your medical conditions and allergies. In some cases, you may not be able to use this medicine, or you may need a dose adjustment or special precautions.

Your dose needs may be different during pregnancy. Do not take this medicine without telling your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Some vitamins and minerals can harm an unborn baby if taken in large doses. You may need to use a prenatal vitamin specially formulated for pregnant women.

It is not known whether multivitamins and minerals passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Your dose needs may be different while you are nursing. Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

How should I take multivitamins and minerals?

Use exactly as directed on the label, or as prescribed by your doctor. Do not use in larger or smaller amounts or for longer than recommended.

Never take more than the recommended dose of multivitamins and minerals. Avoid taking more than one multivitamin product at the same time unless your doctor tells you to. Taking similar products together can result in a vitamin or mineral overdose or serious side effects.

Minerals (especially taken in large doses) can cause side effects such as tooth staining, increased urination, stomach bleeding, uneven heart rate, confusion, and muscle weakness or limp feeling. Read the label of any vitamin and mineral product you take to make sure you are aware of what it contains.

Take this medicine with a full glass of water. Avoid milk or other dairy products.

The chewable tablet must be chewed before you swallow it.

Measure liquid medicine with a special dose-measuring spoon or medicine cup. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

Do not crush, chew, or break an extended-release tablet. Swallow it whole.

Use multivitamins and minerals regularly to get the most benefit. Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep the liquid medicine from freezing.

Store multivitamins and minerals in their original container. Storing multivitamins in a glass container can ruin the medication.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222. An overdose of vitamins A, D, E, or K can cause serious or life-threatening side effects if taken in large doses. Certain minerals may also cause serious overdose symptoms if you take too much.

Overdose symptoms may include increased thirst or urination, severe nausea or stomach pain, vomiting, bloody diarrhea, black and tarry stools, hair loss, peeling skin, tingly feeling in or around your mouth, changes in menstrual periods, weight loss, severe headache, severe back pain, blood in your urine, pale skin, easy bruising or bleeding, severe drowsiness, slow heart rate, shallow breathing, weak and rapid pulse, confusion, muscle weakness, cold and clammy skin, blue lips, and seizure (convulsions).

What should I avoid while taking multivitamins and minerals?

Avoid taking more than one vitamin/mineral product at the same time unless your doctor tells you to. Taking similar vitamin products together can result in a vitamin overdose or serious side effects.

Avoid the regular use of salt substitutes in your diet if your multivitamin and mineral contains potassium. If you are on a low-salt diet, ask your doctor before taking a vitamin or mineral supplement.

Do not take this medicine with milk, other dairy products, calcium supplements, or antacids that contain calcium. Calcium may make it harder for your body to absorb certain minerals.

Multivitamins and minerals side effects

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Minerals (especially taken in large doses) can cause side effects such as tooth staining, increased urination, stomach bleeding, uneven heart rate, confusion, and muscle weakness or limp feeling. Read the label of any vitamin and mineral product you take to make sure you are aware of what it contains.

When taken as directed, multivitamins and minerals are not expected to cause serious side effects. Common side effects may include:

  • upset stomach;

  • headache; or

  • unusual or unpleasant taste in your mouth.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

See also: Side effects (in more detail)

Multivitamins and minerals dosing information

Usual Adult Dose for Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation:

Antioxidant Multiple Vitamins (A,D,E,K-intensive) and Minerals oral capsule:
2 capsules orally once daily.

Calcium, Magnesium and Phosphorus oral tablet:
2 tablets orally 3 times per day.

Calcium with Vitamin D and K oral tablet:
1 tablet orally twice daily.

Multiple Vitamins with Zinc oral capsule:
2 capsules orally once daily.

Therapeutic Multiple Vitamins with Minerals oral tablet, chewable:
1 tablet chewed daily with food.

Vitamin B Complex with C and Calcium oral tablet:
3 tablets orally daily preferably after a meal.

Vitamin B Complex with C, Folic Acid, Iron and Zinc oral tablet:
1 tablet orally once daily.

Vitamin B Complex with D, Calcium and Folic Acid oral wafer:
1 wafer chewed twice daily.

Vitamin B Complex with Folic Acid and Minerals oral tablet:
1 to 2 tablets orally once or twice daily.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation:

Antioxidant Multiple Vitamins (A,D,E,K-intensive) and Minerals oral capsule:
4 to 10 years: 1 capsule orally once daily.
11 years or older: 2 capsules orally once daily.

Antioxidant Multiple Vitamins and Minerals oral liquid and
Antioxidant Multiple Vitamins (A,D,E,K-intensive) and Minerals oral liquid:
1 year or less: 1 mL orally once a day.
1 to 3 years: 2 mL orally once a day.

Multiple Vitamins with Zinc oral capsule:
4 to 10 years: 1 capsule orally once daily.
11 years or older: 2 capsules orally once daily.

Vitamin B Complex with Folic Acid and Minerals oral tablet:
6 years or older: 1 to 2 tablets orally once or twice daily.

What other drugs will affect multivitamins and minerals?

Vitamin and mineral supplements can interact with certain medications, or affect how medications work in your body. Ask a doctor or pharmacist if it is safe for you to use multivitamins and minerals if you are also using any of the following drugs:

  • tretinoin or isotretinoin;

  • an antacid;

  • an antibiotic;

  • a diuretic or "water pill";

  • heart or blood pressure medications;

  • a sulfa drug; or

  • NSAIDs (nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)--ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve), celecoxib, diclofenac, indomethacin, meloxicam, and others.

This list is not complete. Other drugs may interact with multivitamins and minerals, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed in this medication guide.

Where can I get more information?

  • Your pharmacist can provide more information about multivitamins and minerals.
  • Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
  • Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2012 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 2.03. Revision Date: 2014-04-13, 8:19:19 PM.

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