haemophilus b and meningococcal conjugate vaccine

Generic Name: haemophilus B and meningococcal conjugate vaccine (hem OFF il us B and me NIN je KOK al KON je gate vax EEN)
Brand Name: MenHibrix

What is haemophilus B and meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Haemophilus B is a type of influenza (flu) caused by bacteria. This bacteria can infect the lungs or throat, and can also spread to the blood, bones, joints, brain, or spinal cord. It can cause breathing problems or meningitis (inflammation of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord), and can be fatal.

Meningococcal disease is a serious infection caused by a bacteria. Meningococcal bacteria can infect the blood, spinal cord, and brain, and can cause meningitis. These conditions can be fatal.

Haemophilus B influenza and meningococcal disease can spread from one person to another through small droplets of saliva that are expelled into the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The bacteria can also be passed through contact with objects the infected person has touched, such as a door handle, or other surface. The bacteria can also be passed through kissing, or sharing a drinking glass or eating utensil with an infected person.

The haemophilus B and meningococcal conjugate vaccine is used to help prevent these diseases in children.

This vaccine works by exposing your child to a small dose of bacteria or a protein from the bacteria, which causes your body to develop immunity to the disease. This vaccine will not treat an active infection that has already developed in the body.

Haemophilus B and meningococcal conjugate vaccine is for use in children between the ages of 6 weeks and 18 months old.

Like any vaccine, haemophilus B conjugate vaccine may not provide protection from disease in every person.

What is the most important information I should know about this vaccine?

Your child should not receive this vaccine if he or she has ever had a life threatening allergic reaction to any meningococcal, haemophilus B, or tetanus vaccine.

Before your child receives this vaccine, tell your doctor if the child has a weak immune system, if the child was born prematurely, or if the child has ever had Guillain-Barré syndrome within 6 weeks after receiving a vaccine that contains tetanus.

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Your child can still receive a vaccine if he or she has a minor cold. In the case of a more severe illness with a fever or any type of infection, wait until the child gets better before receiving this vaccine.

Your child should not receive a booster vaccine if he or she had a life threatening allergic reaction after the first shot. Keep track of any and all side effects your child has after receiving this vaccine. When the child receives a booster dose, you will need to tell the doctor if the previous shot caused any side effects.

Be sure your child receives all recommended doses of this vaccine. Your child may not be fully protected against disease if he or she does not receive the full series.

Becoming infected with haemophilus B influenza or meningitis is much more dangerous to your child's health than receiving this vaccine. However, like any medicine, this vaccine can cause side effects but the risk of serious side effects is extremely low.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving this vaccine?

Your child should not receive this vaccine if he or she has ever had a life threatening allergic reaction to any meningococcal, haemophilus B, or tetanus vaccine.

If your child has any of these other conditions, this vaccine may need to be postponed or not given at all:

  • Guillain-Barré syndrome (within 6 weeks after receiving a vaccine that contains tetanus);

  • a weak immune system caused by disease (such as cancer, HIV, or AIDS), or by taking certain medicines such as steroids; or

  • if the child was born prematurely.

Haemophilus B and meningococcal conjugate vaccine should not be given to a child younger than 6 weeks or older than 18 months.

How is this vaccine given?

This vaccine is given as an injection (shot) into a muscle. Your child will receive this injection in a doctor's office or other clinic setting.

This vaccine is given in a series of 4 shots. The first shot is usually given when the child is between 6 and 8 weeks old. The booster shots are then given at 4 months, 6 months, and 12 to 15 months of age. The last booster may be given as late as 18 months of age.

Your child's booster schedule may be different from these guidelines. Follow your doctor's instructions or the schedule recommended by your local health department.

Your child can still receive a vaccine if he or she has a minor cold. In the case of a more severe illness with a fever or any type of infection, wait until the child gets better before receiving this vaccine.

Your doctor may recommend treating fever and pain with an aspirin free pain reliever such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, and others) when the shot is given and for the next 24 hours. Follow the label directions or your doctor's instructions about how much of this medicine to give your child.

It is especially important to prevent fever from occurring in a child who has a seizure disorder such as epilepsy.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Contact your doctor if you miss a booster dose or if you get behind schedule. The next dose should be given as soon as possible. There is no need to start over.

Be sure your child receives all recommended doses of this vaccine. Your child may not be fully protected if he or she does not receive the full series.

What happens if I overdose?

An overdose of this vaccine is not likely to occur.

What should I avoid while taking this vaccine?

Follow your doctor's instructions about any restrictions on food, beverages, or activity.

This vaccine side effects

Your child should not receive a booster vaccine if he or she had a life threatening allergic reaction after the first shot. Keep track of any and all side effects your child has after receiving this vaccine. When the child receives a booster dose, you will need to tell the doctor if the previous shot caused any side effects.

Becoming infected with haemophilus B influenza or meningitis is much more dangerous to your child's health than receiving this vaccine. However, like any medicine, this vaccine can cause side effects but the risk of serious side effects is extremely low.

Get emergency medical help if your child has any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if the child has a serious side effect such as:

  • severe weakness, trouble breathing;

  • extreme drowsiness, fainting;

  • fussiness, irritability, crying for an hour or longer;

  • seizure (convulsions); or

  • high fever (within a few hours or a few days after the vaccine).

Less serious side effects may include:

  • redness, pain, swelling, or a lump where the shot was given;

  • low fever;

  • mild fussiness or crying;

  • loss of appetite;

  • drowsiness; or

  • diarrhea.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report vaccine side effects to the US Department of Health and Human Services at 1-800-822-7967.

See also: Side effects (in more detail)

Haemophilus b and meningococcal conjugate vaccine dosing information

Usual Pediatric Dose for Haemophilus influenzae Prophylaxis:

0.5 ml intramuscularly at 2, 4, and 6 months of age and a last dose given anywhere from 12 through 15 months of age, for a total of four doses.

The first dose may be given as early as 6 weeks of age. The fourth dose may be given as late as 18 months of age.

Usual Pediatric Dose for Meningococcal Meningitis Prophylaxis:

0.5 ml intramuscularly at 2, 4, and 6 months of age and a last dose given anywhere from 12 through 15 months of age, for a total of four doses.

The first dose may be given as early as 6 weeks of age. The fourth dose may be given as late as 18 months of age.

What other drugs will affect this vaccine?

Before your child receives this vaccine, tell the doctor about all other vaccines your child has recently received.

Also tell the doctor if your child has recently received drugs or treatments that can weaken the immune system, including:

  • an oral, nasal, inhaled, or injectable steroid medicine;

  • medications to treat psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, or other autoimmune disorders, such as azathioprine (Imuran), etanercept (Enbrel), leflunomide (Arava), and others; or

  • medicines to treat or prevent organ transplant rejection, such as basiliximab (Simulect), cyclosporine (Sandimmune, Neoral, Gengraf), muromonab CD3 (Orthoclone), mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept), sirolimus (Rapamune), or tacrolimus (Prograf).

If your child is using any of these medications, he or she may not be able to receive the vaccine, or may need to wait until the other treatments are finished.

This list is not complete and other drugs may interact with this vaccine. Tell your doctor about all medications your child receives. This includes prescription, over the counter, vitamin, and herbal products. Do not start a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

  • Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about this vaccine. Additional information is available from your local health department or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
  • Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
  • Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2012 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 2.01. Revision Date: 2012-07-20, 3:19:54 PM.

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