Minocycline Hydrochloride eentPronunciation
ATC Class: J01AA08
VA Class: OR900
Antibacterial; semisynthetic tetracycline antibiotic.a
Uses for Minocycline Hydrochloride
Reduction of pocket depth in the treatment of adult periodontitis; used as an adjunct to scaling and root planing procedures.1
Minocycline Hydrochloride Dosage and Administration
Administered subgingivally (as extended-release powder) into periodontal pockets by an oral health-care professional.1
Administration does not require local anesthesia.1
Preparation is bioresorbable and does not have to be manually removed.1
A unit-dose cartridge containing minocycline hydrochloride dry powder must be inserted into a cartridge handle prior to administration.1 The handle mechanism should be sterilized prior to reuse on another patient.1
Subgingival Administration Technique
Administer by inserting the unit-dose cartridge to the base of the periodontal pocket and then pressing the thumb ring in the handle mechanism to expel the powder while gradually withdrawing the tip from the base of the pocket.1
No dental adhesive or periodontal dressing is required following subgingival administration.1
Available as minocycline hydrochloride; dosage expressed in terms of minocycline.1
Cautions for Minocycline Hydrochloride
Known hypersensitivity to minocycline or other tetracyclines.1
Avoid use during tooth development (e.g., the last half of pregnancy, infancy, childhood to the age of 8 years); potential for permanent tooth discoloration (yellow-gray brown) or enamel hypoplasia.1
Use in acutely abscessed periodontal pockets has not been studied and is not recommended.1
Not studied for use in the regeneration of alveolar bone, either in preparation for or in conjunction with placement of endosseous (dental) implants or in the treatment of failing implants.1
Possible overgrowth of nonsusceptible organisms, including fungi.1 Use with caution in patients with a history of or predisposition to oral candidiasis.1 Safety and efficacy not established in patients with concomitant oral candidiasis.1
Not studied in immunocompromised patients (e.g., those with diabetes or HIV infection, those receiving chemotherapy or radiation therapy).1
Common Adverse Effects
Periodontitis,1 tooth disorder,1 tooth caries,1 dental pain,1 gingivitis,1 headache,1 infection,1 stomatitis,1 mouth ulceration,1 flu syndrome,1 pharyngitis,1 pain,1 dyspepsia,1 dental infection,1 mucous membrane disorder.1
Interactions for Minocycline Hydrochloride
No formal drug interaction studies have been performed.1
Minocycline Hydrochloride Pharmacokinetics
Actions and Spectrum
Inhibits protein synthesis in susceptible organisms.1
Active in vitro at concentrations of ≤8 mcg/mL against Porphyromonas gingivalis, Prevotella intermedia, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Eikenella corrodens, and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans.1
Advice to Patients
Not meant for self-administration; only qualified oral health-care professionals familiar with the administration of minocycline hydrochloride extended-release powder should administer the drug.1
Importance of not eating hard, crunchy, or sticky foods for 1 week following administration.1
Importance of not brushing teeth for 12 hours following administration, as well as of not touching treated areas.1
Importance of not using interproximal cleaning devices for 10 days following administration.1
Importance of notifying clinician promptly if pain, swelling, or other problems occur.1 Mild to moderate sensitivity may be expected during the first week following scaling and root planing and administration of minocycline hydrochloride extended-release powder.1
Importance of avoiding exposure to direct sunlight or UV light; importance of notifying clinician and of discontinuing therapy at the first sign of skin erythema.1
Importance of women informing clinicians if they are or plan to become pregnant or plan to breast-feed.1
Importance of informing clinicians of existing or contemplated concomitant therapy, including prescription and OTC drugs as well as any concomitant illnesses.1
Importance of informing patients of other important precautionary information.1 (See Cautions.)
Excipients in commercially available drug preparations may have clinically important effects in some individuals; consult specific product labeling for details.
Powder, extended-release (containing microspheres)
1 mg (of minocycline) per cartridge
This report on medications is for your information only, and is not considered individual patient advice. Because of the changing nature of drug information, please consult your physician or pharmacist about specific clinical use.
The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. and Drugs.com represent that the information provided hereunder was formulated with a reasonable standard of care, and in conformity with professional standards in the field. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. and Drugs.com make no representations or warranties, express or implied, including, but not limited to, any implied warranty of merchantability and/or fitness for a particular purpose, with respect to such information and specifically disclaims all such warranties. Users are advised that decisions regarding drug therapy are complex medical decisions requiring the independent, informed decision of an appropriate health care professional, and the information is provided for informational purposes only. The entire monograph for a drug should be reviewed for a thorough understanding of the drug's actions, uses and side effects. The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc. and Drugs.com do not endorse or recommend the use of any drug. The information is not a substitute for medical care.
AHFS Drug Information. © Copyright, 1959-2013, Selected Revisions August 1, 2005. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc., 7272 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, Maryland 20814.
1. OraPharma, Inc. Arestin (minocycline hydrochloride) microspheres prescribing information. Warminster, PA; 2001 Apr.
2. Reviewers’ comments (personal observations).
a. AHFS drug information 2003. McEvoy GK, ed. Minocycline Hydrochloride. Bethesda, MD: American Society of Hospital Pharmacists; 2003:2600-1.