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Acetaminophen

Pronunciation

Class: Analgesics and Antipyretics, Miscellaneous
VA Class: CN103
CAS Number: 103-90-2
Brands: Acephen, Alagesic, Anacin Aspirin Free Extra Strength, Bupap, Capital and Codeine, Ceta-Plus, Co-Gesic, Endocet, Epidrin, Esgic-Plus, Excedrin Back and Body, Excedrin Extra Strength, Excedrin Menstrual Complete, Excedrin Migraine, Excedrin PM, Excedrin Tension Headache, FeverAll, Fioricet, Fioricet with Codeine, Goody’s, Hydrogesic, Lorcet, Lortab, Maxidone, Midol Menstrual Complete, Midol Teen Formula, Midrin, Pamprin Cramp, Pamprin Multi-Symptom, Percocet, Percogesic, Phrenilin, Premsyn PMS, Primlev, Roxicet, Sedapap, Trezix, Tylenol, Tylenol Extra Strength, Tylenol with Codeine, Tylenol PM Extra Strength, Tylox, Ultracet, Vanquish, Vicodin, Zydone

Warning(s)

Special Alerts:

[Posted 01/14/2014] ISSUE: FDA is recommending health care professionals discontinue prescribing and dispensing prescription combination drug products that contain more than 325 milligrams (mg) of acetaminophen per tablet, capsule or other dosage unit. There are no available data to show that taking more than 325 mg of acetaminophen per dosage unit provides additional benefit that outweighs the added risks for liver injury. Further, limiting the amount of acetaminophen per dosage unit will reduce the risk of severe liver injury from inadvertent acetaminophen overdose, which can lead to liver failure, liver transplant, and death.

Cases of severe liver injury with acetaminophen have occurred in patients who:

  • took more than the prescribed dose of an acetaminophen-containing product in a 24-hour period

  • took more than one acetaminophen-containing product at the same time; or

  • drank alcohol while taking acetaminophen products.

BACKGROUND: In January 2011 FDA asked manufacturers of prescription combination drug products containing acetaminophen to limit the amount of acetaminophen to no more than 325 mg in each tablet or capsule by January 14, 2014. FDA requested this action to protect consumers from the risk of severe liver damage which can result from taking too much acetaminophen. This category of prescription drugs combines acetaminophen with another ingredient intended to treat pain (most often an opioid), and these products are commonly prescribed to consumers for pain, such as pain from acute injuries, post-operative pain, or pain following dental procedures.

Acetaminophen is also widely used as an over-the-counter (OTC) pain and fever medication, and is often combined with other ingredients, such as cough and cold ingredients. FDA will address OTC acetaminophen products in another regulatory action. Many consumers are often unaware that many products (both prescription and OTC) contain acetaminophen, making it easy to accidentally take too much.

More than half of manufacturers have voluntarily complied with the FDA request. However, some prescription combination drug products containing more than 325 mg of acetaminophen per dosage unit remain available. In the near future FDA intends to institute proceedings to withdraw approval of prescription combination drug products containing more than 325 mg of acetaminophen per dosage unit that remain on the market.

RECOMMENDATION: FDA recommends that health care providers consider prescribing combination drug products that contain 325 mg or less of acetaminophen. FDA also recommends that when a pharmacist receives a prescription for a combination product with more than 325 mg of acetaminophen per dosage unit that they contact the prescriber to discuss a product with a lower dose of acetaminophen. A two tablet or two capsule dose may still be prescribed, if appropriate. In that case, the total dose of acetaminophen would be 650 mg (the amount in two 325 mg dosage units). When making individual dosing determinations, health care providers should always consider the amounts of both the acetaminophen and the opioid components in the prescription combination drug product.

Health care providers and pharmacists who have further questions are encouraged to contact the Division of Drug Information at 888.INFO.FDA (888-463-6332) or druginfo@fda.hhs.gov.

Healthcare professionals and patients are encouraged to report adverse events or side effects related to the use of these products to the FDA's MedWatch Safety Information and Adverse Event Reporting Program.

For more information visit the FDA website at: and .

Introduction

Synthetic nonopiate derivative of p-aminophenol; produces analgesia and antipyresis.198 207 222

Uses for Acetaminophen

Pain

Symptomatic relief of mild to moderate pain.198 207 222

Recommended by many experts as initial analgesic for many patients;197 199 200 201 263 however, consider risk of inadvertent overdosage and resultant acute liver failure.246 262 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 (See Hepatic Effects and also see Pediatric Use under Cautions.)

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Self-medication in children ≥6 years of age and adults for the temporary relief of minor aches and pain associated with headache, muscular aches, backache, minor arthritis pain, common cold, toothache, and menstrual cramps.222 Self-medication in infants and children for the temporary relief of minor aches and pain associated with the common cold, flu, headache, sore throat, immunizations, toothache, muscle aches, sprains, and overexertion.207 235

Self-medication in fixed combination with aspirin and caffeine for the temporary relief of mild to moderate pain associated with migraine headache.212 213 214 This combination also can be used for the treatment of severe migraine headache if previous attacks have responded to similar nonopiate analgesics or NSAIAs.231

Symptomatic treatment of pain associated with osteoarthritis; considered an initial drug of choice for pain management in osteoarthritis patients.197 199 200 201

Used in fixed combination with isometheptene and dichloralphenazone for symptomatic relief of tension and vascular headaches.251 252

Used in fixed combination with other agents (e.g., chlorpheniramine, dextromethorphan, diphenhydramine, doxylamine, guaifenesin, phenylephrine, pseudoephedrine) for short-term relief of minor aches and pain, headache, fever, and/or other symptoms (e.g., rhinorrhea, sneezing, lacrimation, itching eyes, oronasopharyngeal itching, nasal congestion, cough) associated with seasonal allergic rhinitis (e.g., hay fever), other upper respiratory allergies, or the common cold.253 254 255 256 257 258 259

Fever

Self-medication to reduce fever in infants, children, and adults.207 222 235

Acetaminophen Dosage and Administration

Administration

Usually administered orally; may be administered rectally as suppositories in patients who cannot tolerate oral therapy.207 222 226 227 228

Oral Administration

Swallow extended-release tablets whole; do not crush, chew, or dissolve in liquid.222

Place orally disintegrating, fixed-combination acetaminophen/caffeine tablets on the tongue to dissolve; swallow with saliva.232 For best taste, do not chew.232

Because combinations and dosage strengths vary for fixed-combination preparations, consult manufacturer’s product labeling for appropriate dosage of the specific preparation.

Pediatric Administration

For liquid preparations (e.g., solution, suspension), use the calibrated dosing device provided by the manufacturer for measurement of the dose.207 281

80-mg chewable tablets or orally disintegrating tablets may be used in children ≥2 years of age.207 235

160-mg chewable tablets or orally disintegrating tablets or 325-mg conventional tablets commonly used in children ≥6 years of age.207 222 235

Orally disintegrating tablets (Tylenol Meltaways) should be allowed to dissolve in the mouth or should be chewed before swallowing.237 Use caution to ensure that the correct number of tablets required for the intended dose is removed from the blister package.236 237

Rectal Administration

Dividing suppositories in an attempt to administer lower dosages may not provide a predictable dose.226

Some experts state that rectal acetaminophen preparations should not be used for self-medication in children unless such use is specifically discussed with a clinician and parents or caregivers are instructed to adhere to dosage and administration recommendations.226 227 228

Dosage

Pediatric Patients

Dosage in children should be guided by body weight.207 237 (See Pediatric Use under Cautions.)

Pain
Oral

Dose may be given every 4–6 hours as necessary (up to 5 times in 24 hours).198 207 237

Dosage for Self-medication of Pain in Children up to 11 Years of Age207237279280

Age

Weight

Oral Dose

≤3 months

2.7–5 kg

40 mg

4–11 months

5–8 kg

80 mg

12–23 months

8–11 kg

120 mg

2–3 years

11–16 kg

160 mg

4–5 years

16–21 kg

240 mg

6–8 years

22–27 kg

320 mg

9–10 years

27–32 kg

400 mg

11 years

33–43 kg

480 mg

For self-medication in children ≥12 years of age, 650 mg every 4–6 hours or 1 g every 6 hours as necessary.222 278 (See Prescribing Limits under Dosage and Administration.)

Rectal

Dose may be given every 4–6 hours as necessary (up to 5 times in 24 hours).198

Dosage for Self-medication of Pain in Children 2–12 Years of Age198

Age

Rectal Dose

2–4 years

160 mg

4–6 years

240 mg

6–9 years

320 mg

9–11 years

320–400 mg

11–12 years

320–480 mg

Individualize dosage in children <2 years of age.226 227 228

For self-medication in children ≥12 years of age, 325–650 mg every 4 hours as necessary.198

Fever
Oral

Dose may be given every 4–6 hours as necessary (up to 5 times in 24 hours).198 207 237

Dosage for Self-medication of Fever in Children up to 11 Years of Age207237279280

Age

Weight

Oral Dose

≤3 months

2.7–5 kg

40 mg

4–11 months

5–8 kg

80 mg

12–23 months

8–11 kg

120 mg

2–3 years

11–16 kg

160 mg

4–5 years

16–21 kg

240 mg

6–8 years

22–27 kg

320 mg

9–10 years

27–32 kg

400 mg

11 years

33–43 kg

480 mg

For self-medication in children ≥12 years of age, 650 mg every 4–6 hours or 1 g every 6 hours as necessary.222 278 (See Prescribing Limits under Dosage and Administration.)

Rectal

Dose may be given every 4 hours as necessary (up to 5 times in 24 hours).198

Dosage for Self-medication of Fever in Children 2–12 Years of Age198

Age

Rectal Dose

2–4 years

160 mg

4–6 years

240 mg

6–9 years

320 mg

9–11 years

320–400 mg

11–12 years

320–480 mg

Individualize dosage in children <2 years of age.226 227 228

For self-medication in children ≥12 years of age, 325–650 mg every 4 hours as necessary.198

Adults

Pain
Oral

For self-medication, 650 mg every 4–6 hours or 1 g every 6 hours as necessary.222 278 Alternatively, 1.3 g as extended-release tablets every 8 hours.222 (See Prescribing Limits under Dosage and Administration.)

Rectal

325–650 mg every 4 hours as necessary.198

Pain Associated with Migraine Headache
Oral

Acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine for self-medication: 2 tablets (each containing acetaminophen 250 mg, aspirin 250 mg, and caffeine 65 mg) as a single dose.212

Acetaminophen, dichloralphenazone, and isometheptene mucate: 2 capsules (each containing acetaminophen 325 mg, dichloralphenazone 100 mg, and isometheptene mucate 65 mg) initially, followed by 1 capsule every hour until headache relieved (maximum 5 capsules in 12 hours).251 252

Pain Associated with Tension Headache
Oral

Acetaminophen, dichloralphenazone, and isometheptene mucate: 1 or 2 capsules (each containing acetaminophen 325 mg, dichloralphenazone 100 mg, and isometheptene mucate 65 mg) every 4 hours (up to 8 capsules daily).251 252

Pain Associated with Osteoarthritis
Oral

1 g 4 times daily.149 a Alternatively, 1.3 g as extended-release tablets every 8 hours.199 200 201

Fever
Oral

For self-medication, 650 mg every 4–6 hours or 1 g every 6 hours as necessary.222 278 (See Prescribing Limits under Dosage and Administration.)

Rectal

325–650 mg every 4 hours as necessary.198

Prescribing Limits

Pediatric Patients

Pain
Oral

Do not exceed recommended daily dosage.204 205 206 207 237 For self-medication in children ≥12 years of age, some manufacturers recommend a maximum dosage of 3 g daily.278 (See Prescribing Limits: Adults, under Dosage and Administration.)

Self-medication should not exceed 5 days (in children 2–11 years of age) or 10 days (in children ≥12 years of age).207 278 279 280

Fever
Oral

Do not exceed recommended daily dosage.204 205 206 207 237 For self-medication in children ≥12 years of age, some manufacturers recommend a maximum dosage of 3 g daily.278 (See Prescribing Limits: Adults, under Dosage and Administration.)

Self-medication should not exceed 3 days.207 278 279 280

Adults

Current limit is 4 g daily.197 198 222 Some experts recommend a maximum dosage of 3 g daily when used for long-term therapy (e.g., ≥2 weeks).243 FDA is evaluating whether data exist to support establishing a lower (i.e., <4 g daily) maximum daily dosage for certain patients (e.g., those who chronically ingest alcohol).245 246 Some manufacturers (e.g., McNeil, Tylenol) voluntarily revised their labeling and currently recommend a maximum dosage of 3 g daily.272 278

Pain
Oral or Rectal

Maximum 4 g daily.198 222 Some manufacturers recommend a maximum oral dosage of 3 g daily.278 (See Prescribing Limits: Adults, under Dosage and Administration.)

Self-medication should not exceed 10 days.222

Pain Associated with Migraine Headache
Oral

Acetaminophen, aspirin, and caffeine: Maximum for self-medication is 2 tablets (each containing acetaminophen 250 mg, aspirin 250 mg, and caffeine 65 mg) in 24 hours unless otherwise directed by a clinician.212

Acetaminophen, dichloralphenazone, and isometheptene mucate: Maximum 5 capsules (each containing acetaminophen 325 mg, dichloralphenazone 100 mg, and isometheptene mucate 65 mg) in 12 hours.251 252

Pain Associated with Tension Headache
Oral

Acetaminophen, dichloralphenazone, and isometheptene mucate: Maximum 8 capsules (each containing acetaminophen 325 mg, dichloralphenazone 100 mg, and isometheptene mucate 65 mg) in 24 hours.251 252

Pain Associated with Osteoarthritis
Oral

Maximum 4 g daily.197

Fever
Oral or Rectal

Maximum 4 g daily.198 222 Some manufacturers recommend maximum oral dosage of 3 g daily.278 (See Prescribing Limits: Adults, under Dosage and Administration.)

Self-medication should not exceed 3 days.222

Cautions for Acetaminophen

Contraindications

  • Known hypersensitivity to acetaminophen or any ingredient in the formulation.207 222

Warnings/Precautions

Warnings

Hepatic Effects

Ingestion of a single toxic dose or multiple excessive doses can result in hepatotoxicity.222 223 About 50% of cases of acute liver failure in the US result from inadvertent overdosage.262 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 (See Advice to Patients.)Following suspected overdosage, evaluate necessity of antidote (acetylcysteine) therapy.222 223 225 229

Increased serum ALT concentrations reported in healthy individuals receiving acetaminophen 4 g daily for 14 days in 1 study.239

Dermatologic Reactions

Serious, potentially fatal dermatologic reactions (e.g., Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis) reported rarely.282 283 284 285 May occur at any time during therapy.282 Although NSAIAs may cause similar reactions, cross-sensitivity with acetaminophen does not appear to occur.282

Sensitivity Reactions

Sensitivity reactions reported rarely.222 If such reactions occur, discontinue the drug.207 222

Sulfite Sensitivity

Some formulations contain sulfites, which may cause allergic-type reactions (including anaphylaxis and life-threatening or less severe asthmatic episodes) in certain susceptible individuals.a

General Precautions

Do not use multiple acetaminophen-containing preparations concomitantly.207 222 235

Phenylketonuria

Children’s Tylenol and Junior Strength Tylenol chewable tablets contain aspartame (NutraSweet), which is metabolized in the GI tract to phenylalanine.207

Use of Fixed Combinations

When used in fixed combination with other agents (e.g., aspirin, caffeine, chlorpheniramine, dextromethorphan, dichloralphenazone, diphenhydramine, doxylamine, guaifenesin, isometheptene, phenylephrine, pseudoephedrine), consider the cautions, precautions, and contraindications associated with the concomitant agent(s).212 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259

Because many OTC and prescription preparations contain acetaminophen,238 264 265 266 267 270 271 272 273 concomitant use of more than one acetaminophen-containing preparation can result in adverse consequences (e.g., acetaminophen overdosage).238 240 262 264 265 266 267 268 269 271 273 Avoid such concomitant use.238 262 264 265 266 267 268 269 271 273 (See Advice to Patients.)

When used in fixed combination with an opiate analgesic, an increase in dosage of the fixed combination (because of tolerance to the opiate) may increase risk of inadvertent acetaminophen overdosage.265 271 To minimize such risk, FDA has requested manufacturers to reformulate prescription combination preparations to limit the amount of acetaminophen to 325 mg per dosage unit.268 (See Preparations.)

Specific Populations

Pregnancy

Category B.b

Lactation

Distributed into milk;198 however, AAP considers acetaminophen to be usually compatible with breast-feeding.250

Pediatric Use

Severe hepatotoxicity and death reported in children who apparently received acetaminophen dosages exceeding those recommended202 203 204 205 206 (10–15 mg/kg per dose with a maximum of 5 doses per day) for children.202 204 Contributing factors include improper interpretation of dosing information or failure to read such information, use of adult-strength preparations, use of excessive dosing because of the perception that desired therapeutic effects had not been achieved, and lack of knowledge about the potential toxicity of acetaminophen in excessive dosage.203 204 205 206

Inadvertent overdosage, possibly resulting in hepatic failure and death, reported following confusion over different concentrations of acetaminophen (e.g., 80 mg/0.8 mL, 80 mg/mL, 160 mg/5 mL) contained in various pediatric preparations.275 276 277 To minimize dosing confusion, FDA recommended that only one concentration of liquid acetaminophen be available for OTC use in all pediatric patients.275 Some manufacturers voluntarily changed the concentration of the infants' formulation to be the same as that of the children's formulation (i.e., from 80 mg/0.8 mL or 80 mg/mL to 160 mg/5 mL).275 276 277 However, older, more-concentrated infants' preparations (80 mg/0.8 mL or 80 mg/mL) are still available and may remain available.275 276 To avoid confusion and potential for dosing errors, advise patients to carefully read the product labeling to identify the concentration of acetaminophen (in mg/mL), dosage, and directions for use.275 (See Advice to Patients.)

Risk of overdosage and toxicity (including death) in children <2 years of age receiving preparations containing antihistamines, cough suppressants, expectorants, and nasal decongestants alone or in combination for relief of symptoms of upper respiratory tract infection.247 248 Limited evidence of efficacy for these cold and cough preparations in this age group; appropriate dosages not established.247 FDA recommends that parents and caregivers adhere to dosage instructions and warnings on the product labeling that accompanies the preparation and consult a clinician about any concerns.

Interactions for Acetaminophen

Specific Drugs

Drug

Interaction

Comments

Alcohol

Increased risk of acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity101 102 103 104 105 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 115 116 117 120 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132

Avoid regular or excessive use of acetaminophen; alternatively, avoid chronic ingestion of alcohol128 129 147 222 (see Prescribing Limits: Adults, under Dosage and Administration)

Anticonvulsants (barbiturates, carbamazepine, phenytoin)

Increased conversion of acetaminophen to hepatotoxic metabolites; increased risk of hepatotoxicity152 157 160 162 163 164 165

Limit acetaminophen self-medication;165 dosage adjustment not required162 163 164

Anticoagulants, oral

Possible increased PT168 176

Clinical importance questioned;a monitor anticoagulant activity if large doses of acetaminophen used168 169

Aspirin

No inhibition of antiplatelet effect of aspirin144

Isoniazid

Possible increased risk of hepatotoxicity166

Limit acetaminophen self-medication166

Phenothiazines

Possible increased risk of severe hypothermiaa

Acetaminophen Pharmacokinetics

Absorption

Bioavailability

Well absorbed following oral administration, with peak plasma concentration attained within 10–60 minutes (immediate-release preparations) or 60–120 minutes (extended-release preparations).a

Poor or variable absorption following rectal administration; considerable variation in peak plasma concentrations attained; time to reach peak plasma concentration is substantially longer than after oral administration.226 227 228

Food

Food may delay absorption following administration as extended-release tablets.148

Distribution

Extent

Rapidly distributed to most body tissues.a Crosses placenta and is distributed into breast milk.198

Plasma Protein Binding

25%.a

Elimination

Metabolism

Metabolized principally by sulfate and glucuronide conjugation; 226 small amounts (5–10%) oxidized by CYP-dependent pathways (mainly CYP2E1 and CYP3A4) to a toxic metabolite, N-acetyl-p-benzoquinoneimine (NAPQI).226 NAPQI is detoxified by glutathione and eliminated; any remaining toxic metabolite may bind to hepatocytes and cause cellular necrosis.121 226

Elimination Route

Mainly excreted in urine as conjugates.a

Half-life

1.25–3 hours.a

Special Populations

Following toxic doses or in patients with liver damage, plasma half-life may be prolonged.a

In patients with moderate to severe renal impairment, acetaminophen conjugates may accumulate.a

Stability

Storage

Oral

Tablets

Room temperature.222 Protect orally disintegrating tablets (Tylenol Meltaways) from high humidity.235 Protect grape-flavored orally disintegrating tablets from light.235

Suspension/Solution

Room temperature.207

Actions

  • Exhibits analgesic and antipyretic activity.207 222

  • Weak, reversible, isoform-nonspecific cyclooxygenase inhibitor at dosages of 1 g daily.144 Inhibitory effect on cyclooxygenase-1 is limited; does not inhibit platelet function.144

Advice to Patients

  • Risk of severe hepatic damage with use of excessive dosages, with concomitant use of multiple acetaminophen-containing preparations, and in those consuming substantial amounts of alcohol (e.g., ≥3 alcohol-containing drinks per day) concomitantly.245 246

  • When used for self-medication, importance of reading the product labeling.222 Importance of not exceeding the recommended daily dosage204 205 206 207 235 238 245 246 and of not using other acetaminophen-containing products (e.g., some cold and cough products) concomitantly.204 207 235 238 245 246 262 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273

  • When used for self-medication in pediatric patients, importance of basing the dose on the child’s weight;205 207 importance of not exceeding the recommended daily dosage.204 205 206 207 235

  • Importance of advising parents and caregivers about the appropriate dose, frequency, duration of therapy, and specific strength and formulation for an individual pediatric patient.226 275 Advise of the danger of substituting alternative dosage forms, particularly adult for pediatric formulations.226

  • Importance of informing parents and caregivers that multiple concentrations of liquid acetaminophen are available and of advising them to carefully read the product labeling to identify the concentration of acetaminophen (in mg/mL), dosage, and directions for use.275

  • Importance of ensuring that the correct amount of medication required for the intended dose is administered (e.g., importance of using only the calibrated measuring device provided with the particular formulation for measuring the dose, importance of ensuring that the strength and number of dosage units correspond to the intended dose).205 207 226 236 275 Importance of contacting a clinician if use of measuring device seems confusing or if there is any uncertainty in the proper use of the device.275

  • Importance of discontinuing therapy and seeking immediate medical attention if rash or other manifestations of dermatologic or hypersensitivity reactions occur.282 Advise individuals with a history of such reactions not to take any acetaminophen-containing preparations.282

  • Importance of seeking quick medical attention if ingested dosage exceeds recommended dosage.207 222 235

  • Importance of limiting alcohol intake.128 129 147 222

  • Advise patients that paracetamol and APAP are other names for acetaminophen.260 261

  • Importance of informing clinicians of existing or contemplated concomitant therapy, including prescription and OTC drugs (e.g., cough/cold preparations) as well as any concomitant illnesses.

  • Importance of informing patients of other important precautionary information. (See Cautions.)

Preparations

Excipients in commercially available drug preparations may have clinically important effects in some individuals; consult specific product labeling for details.

To minimize the risk of inadvertent acetaminophen overdosage in pediatric patients, FDA has recommended that only one concentration of liquid acetaminophen be available for OTC use in all pediatric patients.275 Some manufacturers have voluntarily changed the concentration of the infants' formulation to be the same as that of the children's formulation.275 276 277 (See Pediatric Use under Cautions.) However, older, more-concentrated infants' preparations are still available and may remain available.275 276 Some of the preparations described below may no longer be available.

To minimize the risk of inadvertent acetaminophen overdosage, FDA has requested manufacturers to reformulate prescription combination preparations containing the drug to limit the acetaminophen amount to 325 mg per dosage unit.268 Therefore, availability of combination preparations with higher concentrations of acetaminophen per dose will diminish over time, and some of the concentrations described below may no longer be available.

* available from one or more manufacturer, distributor, and/or repackager by generic (nonproprietary) name

Acetaminophen

Routes

Dosage Forms

Strengths

Brand Names

Manufacturer

Oral

Capsules

500 mg*

Acetaminophen Capsules

Solution

167 mg/5 mL*

Tylenol Extra-Strength Adult

McNeil

100 mg/mL*

Tylenol Concentrated Drops Infant’s

McNeil

Suspension

160 mg/5 mL

Tylenol Oral Suspension Children’s

McNeil

Tylenol Oral Suspension Infant's

McNeil

Tablets

325 mg*

Tylenol Regular Strength (scored)

McNeil

500 mg*

Tylenol Extra-Strength Rapid Release Gelcaps

McNeil

Tablets, extended-release, film-coated

650 mg

Tylenol Arthritis Pain Extended Relief Caplets

McNeil

Tablets, film-coated

500 mg*

Anacin Aspirin Free Extra Strength Caplets

Insight

Tylenol Extra Strength Caplets

McNeil

Tablets, orally disintegrating

80 mg

Tylenol Meltaways Children’s

McNeil

160 mg

Tylenol Meltaways Junior Strength

McNeil

Rectal

Suppositories

80 mg

FeverAll Infants’

Alpharma

120 mg*

Acephen

G&W

FeverAll Children’s

Alpharma

125 mg*

Acetaminophen Suppositories

325 mg*

Acephen

G&W

FeverAll Junior Strength

Alpharma

650 mg*

Acephen

G&W

Acetaminophen, Aspirin, and Caffeine

Routes

Dosage Forms

Strengths

Brand Names

Manufacturer

Oral

Capsule, gel-coated

250 mg Acetaminophen, Aspirin 250 mg, and Caffeine 65 mg

Excedrin Extra Strength Gelcaps

Novartis

Excedrin Menstrual Complete Express Gelcaps

Novartis

For solution

260 mg/packet Acetaminophen, Aspirin 500 mg/packet, and Caffeine 32.5 mg/packet

Goody’s Extra Strength Headache Powder

GlaxoSmithKline

325 mg/packet Acetaminophen, Aspirin 500 mg/packet, and Caffeine 65 mg/packet

Goody’s Cool Orange Extra Strength Powder

GlaxoSmithKline

Tablets

250 mg Acetaminophen, Aspirin 250 mg, and Caffeine 65 mg

Excedrin Extra Strength Tablets

Novartis

Excedrin Migraine Caplets

Novartis

Excedrin Migraine Geltabs

Novartis

Excedrin Migraine Tablets

Novartis

Pamprin Max

Chattem

Tablets, film-coated

194 mg Acetaminophen, Aspirin 227 mg, Caffeine 33 mg, and buffers

Vanquish Caplets

Bayer

250 mg Acetaminophen, Aspirin 250 mg, and Caffeine 65 mg

Excedrin Extra Strength Caplets

Novartis

* available from one or more manufacturer, distributor, and/or repackager by generic (nonproprietary) name

Acetaminophen and Codeine Phosphate

Routes

Dosage Forms

Strengths

Brand Names

Manufacturer

Oral

Suspension

120 mg/5 mL Acetaminophen and Codeine Phosphate 12 mg/5 mL*

Capital and Codeine (C-V)

Valeant

Tablets

300 mg Acetaminophen and Codeine Phosphate 15 mg*

Acetaminophen and Codeine Phosphate Tablets (C-III)

300 mg Acetaminophen and Codeine Phosphate 30 mg*

Tylenol with Codeine No. 3 (C-III)

Ortho-McNeil

300 mg Acetaminophen and Codeine Phosphate 60 mg*

Tylenol with Codeine No. 4 (C-III)

Ortho-McNeil

Acetaminophen and Diphenhydramine Citrate

Routes

Dosage Forms

Strengths

Brand Names

Manufacturer

Oral

For solution

500 mg/packet Acetaminophen and Diphenhydramine Citrate 38 mg/packet

Goody's PM Powder

GlaxoSmithKline

Tablets, film-coated

500 mg Acetaminophen and Diphenhydramine Citrate 38 mg

Excedrin PM Caplets

Novartis

Excedrin PM Geltabs

Novartis

* available from one or more manufacturer, distributor, and/or repackager by generic (nonproprietary) name

Oxycodone and Acetaminophen

Routes

Dosage Forms

Strengths

Brand Names

Manufacturer

Oral

Capsules

5 mg Oxycodone Hydrochloride and Acetaminophen 500 mg*

Tylox (C-II)

Ortho-McNeil-Janssen

Solution

5 mg/5 mL Oxycodone Hydrochloride and Acetaminophen 325 mg/5 mL

Roxicet (C-II)

Roxane

Tablets

2.5 mg Oxycodone Hydrochloride and Acetaminophen 325 mg

Percocet (C-II)

Endo

5 mg Oxycodone Hydrochloride and Acetaminophen 300 mg

Primlev (C-II)

Akrimax

5 mg Oxycodone Hydrochloride and Acetaminophen 325 mg*

Endocet (C-II; scored)

Endo

Percocet (C-II; scored)

Endo

Roxicet (C-II; scored)

Roxane

5 mg Oxycodone Hydrochloride and Acetaminophen 500 mg

Roxicet (C-II; scored)

Roxane

7.5 mg Oxycodone Hydrochloride and Acetaminophen 300 mg

Primlev (C-II)

Akrimax

7.5 mg Oxycodone Hydrochloride and Acetaminophen 325 mg

Endocet (C-II)

Endo

Percocet (C-II)

Endo

7.5 mg Oxycodone Hydrochloride and Acetaminophen 500 mg*

Endocet (C-II)

Endo

Percocet (C-II)

Endo

10 mg Oxycodone Hydrochloride and Acetaminophen 300 mg

Primlev (C-II)

Akrimax

10 mg Oxycodone Hydrochloride and Acetaminophen 325 mg

Endocet (C-II)

Endo

Percocet (C-II)

Endo

10 mg Oxycodone Hydrochloride and Acetaminophen 650 mg*

Endocet (C-II)

Endo

Percocet (C-II)

Endo

* available from one or more manufacturer, distributor, and/or repackager by generic (nonproprietary) name

Other Acetaminophen Combinations

Routes

Dosage Forms

Strengths

Brand Names

Manufacturer

Oral

Capsules

300 mg with Butalbital 50 mg and Caffeine 40 mg*

Acetaminophen, Butalbital, and Caffeine Capsules (C-III)

325 mg with Butalbital 50 mg and Caffeine 40 mg*

Acetaminophen, Butalbital, and Caffeine Capsules

325 mg with Butalbital 50 mg, Caffeine 40 mg, and Codeine Phosphate 30 mg

Fioricet with Codeine (C-III)

Watson

325 mg with Dichloralphenazone 100 mg and Isometheptene Mucate 65 mg*

Midrin (C-IV)

Caraco

Epidrin (C-IV)

Excellium

356.4 mg with Caffeine 30 mg and Dihydrocodeine bitartrate 16 mg

Trezix (C-III)

WraSer

500 mg with Hydrocodone Bitartrate 5 mg*

Ceta-Plus (C-III)

Seatrace

Hydrogesic (C-III)

Edwards

650 mg with Butalbital 50 mg*

Phrenilin Forte

Valeant

Capsules, gel-coated

500 mg with Caffeine 65 mg

Excedrin Tension Headache Gelcaps

Novartis

For solution

325 mg/packet with Aspirin 500 mg/packet

Goody's Back & Body Pain Powder

GlaxoSmithKline

Solution

167 mg/5 mL with Hydrocodone Bitartrate 2.5 mg/5 mL*

Lortab Elixir (C-III)

UCB Pharma

325 mg/15 mL with Butalbital 50 mg/15 mL and Caffeine 40 mg/15 mL

Alagesic

Poly Pharmaceuticals

Tablets

325 mg with Butalbital 50 mg

Phrenilin (scored)

Valeant

325 mg with Butalbital 50 mg and Caffeine 40 mg*

Fioricet

Watson

325 mg with Diphenhydramine 12.5 mg

Percogesic Original Strength

Medtech

325 mg with Tramadol Hydrochloride 37.5 mg*

Ultracet

Ortho-McNeil-Janssen

400 mg with Hydrocodone Bitartrate 5 mg

Zydone (C-III)

Endo

400 mg with Hydrocodone Bitartrate 7.5 mg

Zydone (C-III)

Endo

400 mg with Hydrocodone Bitartrate 10 mg

Zydone (C-III)

Endo

500 mg with Butalbital 50 mg and Caffeine 40 mg

Esgic-Plus (scored)

Mikart

500 mg with Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride 12.5 mg

Percogesic Extra Strength Caplets

MedTech

500 mg with Hydrocodone Bitartrate 2.5 mg*

Lortab (C-III; scored)

UCB Pharma

500 mg with Hydrocodone Bitartrate 5 mg*

Co-Gesic (C-III; scored)

Schwarz

Lortab (C-III; scored)

UCB Pharma

Vicodin (C-III; scored)

Abbott

500 mg with Hydrocodone Bitartrate 7.5 mg*

Lortab (C-III; scored)

UCB Pharma

500 mg with Hydrocodone Bitartrate 10 mg

Lortab (C-III; scored)

UCB Pharma

500 mg with Pamabrom 25 mg and Pyrilamine Maleate 15 mg

Pamprin Multi-Symptom Caplets

Chattem

Premsyn PMS Caplets

Chattem

650 mg with Butalbital 50 mg

Bupap

ECR

Sedapap (scored)

Merz

650 mg with Hydrocodone Bitartrate 7.5 mg*

Lorcet Plus (C-III; scored)

Forest

650 mg with Hydrocodone Bitartrate 10 mg*

Lorcet (C-III; scored)

Forest

660 mg with Hydrocodone Bitartrate 10 mg

Vicodin HP (C-III; scored)

Abbott

712.8 mg with Caffeine 60 mg and Dihydrocodeine 32 mg*

Acetaminophen, Caffeine, and Dihydrocodeine Tablets (C-III)

750 mg with Hydrocodone Bitartrate 7.5 mg

Vicodin ES (C-III; scored)

Abbott

750 mg with Hydrocodone Bitartrate 10 mg*

Maxidone (C-III; scored)

Watson

Tablets, film-coated

250 mg with Aspirin 250 mg

ExcedrinBack and Body Caplets

Novartis

250 mg with Magnesium Salicylate 250 mg and Pamabrom 25 mg

Pamprin Cramp Caplets

Chattem

500 mg with Caffeine 60 mg and Pyrilamine Maleate 15 mg

Midol Menstrual CompleteCaplets

Bayer

Midol Menstrual Complete Gelcaps

Bayer

500 mg with Caffeine 65 mg

Excedrin Tension Headache Geltabs

Novartis

Excedrin Tension Headache Caplets

Novartis

500 mg with Diphenhydramine Hydrochloride 25 mg

Tylenol PM Extra Strength Caplets

McNeil

Tylenol PM Extra Strength Rapid Release Gelcaps

McNeil

Tylenol PM Extra Strength Geltabs

McNeil

500 mg with Pamabrom 25 mg

Midol Teen Formula Caplets

Bayer

Acetaminophen also is commercially available in combination with other drugs, including analgesics, antihistamines, antimuscarinics, antitussives, barbiturates, decongestants, and expectorants.

Comparative Pricing

This pricing information is subject to change at the sole discretion of DS Pharmacy. This pricing information was updated 02/2014. Actual costs to patients will vary depending on the use of specific retail or mail-order locations and health insurance copays.

Acetaminophen 500MG Tablets (RUGBY): 700/$38.99 or 2100/$111.97

Acetaminophen-Codeine 120-12MG/5ML Solution (MORTON GROVE PHARMACEUTICALS): 240/$19.99 or 720/$35.97

Acetaminophen-Codeine #2 300-15MG Tablets (TEVA PHARMACEUTICALS USA): 30/$14.99 or 60/$19.97

Acetaminophen-Codeine #3 300-30MG Tablets (MALLINCKRODT PHARM): 30/$15.99 or 60/$20.98

Acetaminophen-Codeine #4 300-60MG Tablets (MALLINCKRODT PHARM): 30/$17.99 or 90/$33.97

Butalbital-APAP-Caffeine 50-325-40MG Capsules (QUALITEST): 100/$59.53 or 300/$163.69

Butalbital-APAP-Caffeine 50-325-40MG Tablets (WEST-WARD): 30/$15.99 or 90/$41.97

Butalbital-APAP-Caffeine 50-500-40MG Tablets (WEST-WARD): 30/$18.99 or 90/$46.99

Dolgic Plus 50-750-40MG Tablets (SHIONOGI PHARMA): 100/$380.13 or 300/$1,069.19

Endocet 10-325MG Tablets (ENDO PHARMACEUTICALS): 20/$34.99 or 30/$52.48

Endocet 10-650MG Tablets (ENDO PHARMACEUTICALS): 20/$35.99 or 30/$48.97

Endocet 5-325MG Tablets (ENDO PHARMACEUTICALS): 30/$17.99 or 90/$53.97

Esgic 50-325-40MG Tablets (FOREST): 30/$69.99 or 90/$205.97

Esgic-Plus 50-500-40MG Tablets (FOREST): 30/$61.72 or 90/$175.24

Fioricet 50-325-40MG Tablets (WATSON LABS): 30/$72.23 or 90/$188.07

Fioricet/Codeine 50-325-40-30MG Capsules (WATSON LABS): 30/$132.78 or 90/$396.07

Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen 10-325MG Tablets (WATSON LABS): 30/$17.99 or 90/$44.97

Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen 10-500MG Tablets (MALLINCKRODT PHARM): 30/$14.99 or 90/$39.97

Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen 10-650MG Tablets (MALLINCKRODT PHARM): 30/$14.99 or 90/$30.97

Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen 10-660MG Tablets (MALLINCKRODT PHARM): 30/$17.99 or 90/$37.97

Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen 10-750MG Tablets (MALLINCKRODT PHARM): 30/$32.99 or 90/$89.97

Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen 2.5-500MG Tablets (QUALITEST): 30/$12.99 or 90/$27.27

Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen 5-325MG Tablets (MALLINCKRODT PHARM): 30/$17.99 or 60/$29.98

Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen 5-500MG Tablets (WATSON LABS): 30/$12.99 or 60/$16.98

Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen 7.5-325MG Tablets (MALLINCKRODT PHARM): 30/$17.99 or 90/$51.97

Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen 7.5-500MG/15ML Solution (QUALITEST): 473/$60.98 or 1419/$182.95

Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen 7.5-500MG Tablets (WATSON LABS): 30/$13.99 or 60/$17.98

Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen 7.5-650MG Tablets (MALLINCKRODT PHARM): 100/$15.99 or 300/$35.97

Hydrocodone-Acetaminophen 7.5-750MG Tablets (MALLINCKRODT PHARM): 30/$12.99 or 90/$23.97

Lorcet 10/650 10-650MG Tablets (FOREST): 30/$57.99 or 90/$159.97

Lorcet Plus 7.5-650MG Tablets (FOREST): 30/$48.49 or 90/$131.14

Lortab 5-500MG Tablets (UCB PHARMA): 30/$57.99 or 90/$155.98

Lortab 7.5-500MG/15ML Elixir (UCB PHARMA): 120/$47.99 or 360/$119.97

Lortab 10 10-500MG Tablets (UCB PHARMA): 30/$62.99 or 90/$165.97

Lortab 2.5 2.5-500MG Tablets (UCB PHARMA): 30/$30.99 or 90/$78.97

Lortab 7.5 7.5-500MG Tablets (UCB PHARMA): 30/$64.99 or 90/$173.97

Mapap 160MG/5ML Liquid (MAJOR PHARMACEUTICALS): 118/$11.99 or 236/$13.97

Mapap Childrens 160MG/5ML Suspension (MAJOR PHARMACEUTICALS): 118/$12.99 or 236/$15.97

Mapap PM 500-25MG Tablets (MAJOR PHARMACEUTICALS): 50/$12.99 or 100/$15.97

Norco 10-325MG Tablets (WATSON LABS): 30/$69.95 or 90/$204.56

Norco 5-325MG Tablets (WATSON LABS): 30/$52.65 or 90/$132.76

Norco 7.5-325MG Tablets (WATSON LABS): 30/$57.23 or 90/$160.24

Oxycodone-Acetaminophen 10-325MG Tablets (MALLINCKRODT PHARM): 20/$40.66 or 30/$60.99

Oxycodone-Acetaminophen 10-650MG Tablets (WATSON LABS): 20/$33.33 or 30/$49.99

Oxycodone-Acetaminophen 5-325MG Tablets (MALLINCKRODT PHARM): 20/$11.99 or 30/$17.99

Oxycodone-Acetaminophen 5-500MG Capsules (MALLINCKRODT PHARM): 20/$15.99 or 30/$23.99

Oxycodone-Acetaminophen 7.5-325MG Tablets (MALLINCKRODT PHARM): 20/$31.99 or 30/$47.99

Oxycodone-Acetaminophen 7.5-500MG Tablets (WATSON LABS): 20/$25.99 or 30/$38.99

Percocet 10-325MG Tablets (ENDO PHARMACEUTICALS): 20/$127.99 or 30/$191.99

Percocet 10-650MG Tablets (ENDO PHARMACEUTICALS): 20/$130.99 or 30/$195.97

Percocet 2.5-325MG Tablets (ENDO PHARMACEUTICALS): 30/$90.99 or 60/$180.98

Percocet 5-325MG Tablets (ENDO PHARMACEUTICALS): 20/$94.99 or 30/$141.97

Percocet 7.5-325MG Tablets (ENDO PHARMACEUTICALS): 20/$90.99 or 30/$135.98

Percocet 7.5-500MG Tablets (ENDO PHARMACEUTICALS): 20/$100.99 or 30/$150.98

Roxicet 5-325MG/5ML Solution (ROXANE): 500/$49.99 or 1500/$135.96

Roxicet 5-325MG Tablets (ROXANE): 20/$12.99 or 30/$14.99

Stagesic 5-500MG Capsules (MAGNA PHARMACEUTICALS): 30/$24.99 or 90/$51.97

Tramadol-Acetaminophen 37.5-325MG Tablets (MYLAN): 30/$27.99 or 90/$80.97

Tylenol 8 Hour 650MG Controlled-release Tablets (MCNEIL CONSUMER): 50/$17.99 or 100/$25.97

Tylenol Arthritis Pain 650MG Controlled-release Tablets (MCNEIL CONSUMER): 100/$22.99 or 200/$34.97

Tylenol with Codeine #4 300-60MG Tablets (MCNEIL): 30/$45.99 or 90/$119.97

Tylox 5-500MG Capsules (MCNEIL): 20/$49.54 or 30/$74.31

Ultracet 37.5-325MG Tablets (JANSSEN): 30/$63.99 or 90/$157.97

Vicodin 5-500MG Tablets (ABBOTT): 30/$50.99 or 90/$133.97

Vicodin ES 7.5-750MG Tablets (ABBOTT): 30/$54.99 or 90/$147.97

Vicodin HP 10-660MG Tablets (ABBOTT): 30/$53.99 or 90/$145.98

Xodol 10-300MG Tablets (SHIONOGI PHARMA): 100/$583.94 or 300/$1,646.45

Zamicet 10-325MG/15ML Solution (HAWTHORN PHARMACEUTICALS): 473/$164.88 or 1419/$468.25

Zebutal 50-500-40MG Capsules (SHIONOGI PHARMA): 30/$67.59 or 90/$181.95

Zydone 10-400MG Tablets (ENDO PHARMACEUTICALS): 30/$31.99 or 90/$83.97

Zydone 5-400MG Tablets (ENDO PHARMACEUTICALS): 30/$27.99 or 90/$65.97

Zydone 7.5-400MG Tablets (ENDO PHARMACEUTICALS): 30/$32.99 or 90/$72.58

AHFS DI Essentials. © Copyright, 2004-2014, Selected Revisions November 11, 2013. American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Inc., 7272 Wisconsin Avenue, Bethesda, Maryland 20814.

References

Only references cited for selected revisions after 1984 are available electronically.

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