Polyethylene Glycol 800
Excipient (pharmacologically inactive substance)
What is Polyethylene Glycol 800?
Polyethylene glycol, referred to as PEG, is used as an inactive ingredient in the pharmaceutical industry as a solvent, plasticizer, surfactant, ointments, and suppository base, and tablet and capsule lubricant. PEG has low toxicity with systemic absorption less than 0.5%.
PEGylation occurs when PEGs are attached to various protein medications, allowing for greater solubility for certain drugs. Examples of PEGylated medications include PEG-interferon alpha (Pegintron) and PEG-filgrastim (Neulasta). PEG is also available as a bowel prep for colonoscopy procedures and as a laxative.
PEG 400 indicates the average molecular weight of the specific PEG at 400. PEG 3350 is a laxative available over-the-counter by the name of Miralax. In this case, PEG is considered an "active" ingredient, even though systemic absorption is less than 0.5%.
 Dave RH. Overview of pharmaceutical excipients used in tablets and capsules. Drug Topics (online). Advanstar. 10/24/2008 http://drugtopics.modernmedicine.com/drugtopics/Top+News/Overview-of-pharmaceutical-excipients-used-in-tabl/ArticleStandard/Article/detail/561047. Accessed 08/19/2011
Top Medications Containing Polyethylene Glycol 800
- Carvedilol 25 mg (Apotex Corp.)
- Carvedilol 3.125 mg (Apotex Corp.)
- Carvedilol 6.25 mg (Apotex Corp.)
- Carvedilol 12.5 mg (Apotex Corp.)
- Levetiracetam 500 mg (Solco Healthcare US, LLC)
- Levetiracetam 250 mg (Solco Healthcare US, LLC)
- Levetiracetam 750 mg (Solco Healthcare US, LLC)
- Levetiracetam 1000 mg (Solco Healthcare US, LLC)