Cholesterol is one health marker that becomes increasingly important as you get older. Most people know their cholesterol levels matter. These levels are routinely measured during blood tests. Cholesterol numbers mean different things for different people, however. Some people need to monitor their levels more closely than others.
Use this discussion guide to help you get the answers you need from your doctor about high cholesterol.
Topics You Should Discuss with Your Doctor
Talk with your doctor about your cholesterol at your next appointment. Before you go, however, arm yourself with a few questions. These will help you understand your state of health.
What Are My Risk Factors?
Research has determined that certain people are more likely to develop high cholesterol than others. Some of the factors that influence this risk include age, gender, race, and health history. For example, if you have a family member that was diagnosed with high blood pressure before the age of 55, you have an increased risk of developing the condition.
What Might Happen If I Choose Not to Treat My Cholesterol Issue?
Having high LDL or “bad” cholesterol levels puts you at an increased risk for several cardiovascular conditions. These include heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure. Additionally, people with high blood cholesterol are at an increased risk of developing high blood sugar and, eventually, type 2 diabetes. Based on your health history, your doctor can discuss your risks.
Are Statins My Only Choice?
New guidelines from the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American College of Cardiology (ACC) stress one thing: statins are only one part of the treatment equation. In addition to these medications, you should talk with your doctor about lifestyle changes, medications, and other cholesterol-lowering strategies that can help reduce your levels. The new guidelines from the AHA and ACC are not right for everyone in every case. Your doctor can help evaluate your needs, your lifestyle, and your personal health history. Together, the two of you can decide which course of treatment is right for you.
What Side Effects Are Possible?
Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) released new guidelines regarding statin use and possible side effects. After years of investigation and study, the FDA realized statin medicines may cause certain side effects. These side effects include increased blood sugar level, type 2 diabetes, and cognitive problems, like forgetfulness and memory loss. Some people may assume these side effects are too costly and not worth the risk, but they are rare. Your doctor can also help you lower your risk of these side effects should you decide to begin treatment with a statin medication.
How Do I Treat High Cholesterol If I Have Other Conditions?
Unfortunately, high cholesterol can complicate other conditions. For example, research shows that type 2 diabetes lowers good cholesterol and increases bad cholesterol. This puts you at risk for cardiovascular issues, including heart attack and stroke. However, if you don’t have type 2 diabetes when you’re diagnosed with a cholesterol issue, having high cholesterol puts you at risk for developing it later.
Review the medicines and treatments you’re currently using with your physician or healthcare provider. Make sure the medicines do not put you at a greater risk for side effects and that your treatment program is properly addressing your condition.
Changes in the Guidelines About Statins
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently released new guidelines that can help doctors monitor possible side effects in people who use statin medications. Statins are the most common high cholesterol treatment. These medicines are designed to lower levels of “bad” cholesterol in your blood. Talk with your doctor about how these changes may affect your current treatment plan.
Make an Appointment
When it comes to your cholesterol levels, the most important thing you can do is know your levels. High levels of bad cholesterol can cause serious health issues and conditions, including heart disease and high blood pressure. Once diagnosed, however, treatment can help lower the likelihood of these problems.
If you have a regular, yearly check-up, make sure your doctor tests your cholesterol levels. Most blood panel tests measure these levels. Keeping a tab on your cholesterol levels can help you catch problems before they become difficult to treat.