Imitrex (sumatriptan) and Alcohol / Food Interactions

There are 2 alcohol/food/lifestyle interactions with Imitrex (sumatriptan) which include:

High Cholesterol (Hyperlipoproteinemia, Hypertriglyceridemia, Sitosterolemia)

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

5-HT1 agonists - CAD risk factors

The group of drugs known as 5-hydroxytryptamine1 receptor (5-HT1) agonists can cause vasospastic reactions, including coronary vasospasm, peripheral vascular ischemia, and colonic ischemia. Rarely, serious adverse cardiac events including acute myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, cardiac arrest, and death have been reported within a few hours following the administration of 5-HT1 agonists, in some cases even in patients with no prior history or findings of coronary artery disease (CAD). Significant elevation in blood pressure, including hypertensive crisis, has also been reported on rare occasions in patients with and without a history of hypertension, as have transient increases in blood pressure and peripheral vascular resistance. In general, patients with potentially unrecognized CAD as predicted by the presence of risk factors (e.g., hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, tobacco use, obesity, diabetes, strong family history of CAD, female with surgical or physiological menopause, or male over 40 years of age) should not be administered 5-HT1 agonists unless a cardiovascular evaluation provides satisfactory clinical evidence indicating the lack of CAD, ischemic heart disease, or other significant underlying cardiovascular disease. As a precaution, the manufacturers recommend that the first dose be administered under medical surveillance in such patients, and that electrocardiographic monitoring be considered during the interval immediately following administration to help detect any asymptomatic cardiac ischemia that may occur. Periodic cardiovascular evaluations should be performed during intermittent, long-term use.

References

  1. Mueller L, Gallagher RM, Ciervo CA "Vasospasm-induced myocardial infarction with sumatriptan." Headache 36 (1996): 329-31
  2. Kelly KM "Cardiac arrest following use of sumatriptan." Neurology 45 (1995): 1211-3
  3. "Product Information. Axert (almotriptan)" Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
View all 23 references

Obesity

Severe Potential Hazard, High plausibility

5-HT1 agonists - CAD risk factors

The group of drugs known as 5-hydroxytryptamine1 receptor (5-HT1) agonists can cause vasospastic reactions, including coronary vasospasm, peripheral vascular ischemia, and colonic ischemia. Rarely, serious adverse cardiac events including acute myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, cardiac arrest, and death have been reported within a few hours following the administration of 5-HT1 agonists, in some cases even in patients with no prior history or findings of coronary artery disease (CAD). Significant elevation in blood pressure, including hypertensive crisis, has also been reported on rare occasions in patients with and without a history of hypertension, as have transient increases in blood pressure and peripheral vascular resistance. In general, patients with potentially unrecognized CAD as predicted by the presence of risk factors (e.g., hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, tobacco use, obesity, diabetes, strong family history of CAD, female with surgical or physiological menopause, or male over 40 years of age) should not be administered 5-HT1 agonists unless a cardiovascular evaluation provides satisfactory clinical evidence indicating the lack of CAD, ischemic heart disease, or other significant underlying cardiovascular disease. As a precaution, the manufacturers recommend that the first dose be administered under medical surveillance in such patients, and that electrocardiographic monitoring be considered during the interval immediately following administration to help detect any asymptomatic cardiac ischemia that may occur. Periodic cardiovascular evaluations should be performed during intermittent, long-term use.

References

  1. Mueller L, Gallagher RM, Ciervo CA "Vasospasm-induced myocardial infarction with sumatriptan." Headache 36 (1996): 329-31
  2. Kelly KM "Cardiac arrest following use of sumatriptan." Neurology 45 (1995): 1211-3
  3. "Product Information. Axert (almotriptan)" Pharmacia and Upjohn, Kalamazoo, MI.
View all 23 references

You should also know about...

Imitrex (sumatriptan) drug Interactions

There are 49 drug interactions with Imitrex (sumatriptan)

Imitrex (sumatriptan) disease Interactions

There are 4 disease interactions with Imitrex (sumatriptan) which include:

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

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