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Roxicet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) and Alcohol / Food Interactions

There are 2 alcohol/food/lifestyle interactions with Roxicet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) which include:

acetaminophen ↔ Alcohol (Ethanol)

Major Drug Interaction

Ask your doctor before using acetaminophen together with ethanol. This can cause serious side effects that affect your liver. Call your doctor immediately if you experience a fever, chills, joint pain or swelling, excessive tiredness or weakness, unusual bleeding or bruising, skin rash or itching, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, or yellowing of the skin or the whites of your eyes. If your doctor does prescribe these medications together, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take both medications. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.

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oxyCODONE ↔ Alcohol (Ethanol)

Moderate Drug Interaction

Do not use alcohol or medications that contain alcohol while you are receiving treatment with {CS2}. This may increase nervous system side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, difficulty concentrating, and impairment in thinking and judgment. In severe cases, low blood pressure, respiratory distress, fainting, coma, or even death may occur. With certain long-acting formulations of narcotic pain medication, consumption of alcohol may also cause rapid release of the drug, resulting in high blood levels that may be potentially lethal. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have questions on how to take this or other medications you are prescribed. Do not use more than the recommended dose of {CS2}, and avoid activities requiring mental alertness such as driving or operating hazardous machinery until you know how the medication affects you. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medication without first talking to your doctor.

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oxyCODONE ↔ food

Moderate Food Interaction

Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.

GENERALLY AVOID: The central nervous system-depressant effects of oxycodone and alcohol may be additive. Combining these agents may result in additive CNS-depression and impairment of judgment, thinking, and psychomotor skills. In more severe cases, respiratory depression, hypotension, profound sedation, and coma can occur.

GENERALLY AVOID: Grapefruit juice may increase the plasma concentrations of oxycodone. The proposed mechanism is inhibition of CYP450 3A4-mediated first-pass metabolism of oxycodone by certain compounds present in grapefruit, resulting in decreased formation of metabolites noroxycodone and noroxymorphone and increased formation of oxymorphone due to a presumed shifting of oxycodone metabolism towards the CYP450 2D6-mediated route. In 12 healthy, nonsmoking volunteers, administration of a single 10 mg oral dose of oxycodone hydrochloride on day 4 of a grapefruit juice treatment phase (200 mL three times a day for 5 days) increased mean oxycodone peak plasma concentration (Cmax), systemic exposure (AUC) and half-life by 48%, 67% and 17% (from 3.5 to 4.1 hours), respectively, compared to administration during an equivalent water treatment phase. Grapefruit juice also decreased the metabolite-to-parent AUC ratio of noroxycodone by 44% and that of noroxymorphone by 45%. In addition, oxymorphone Cmax and AUC increased by 32% and 56%, but the metabolite-to-parent AUC ratio remained unchanged. Pharmacodynamic changes were modest and only self-reported performance was significantly impaired after grapefruit juice. Analgesic effects were not affected.

MANAGEMENT: Patients should not consume alcoholic beverages or use drug products that contain alcohol during treatment with oxycodone. Any history of alcohol or illicit drug use should be considered when prescribing oxycodone, and therapy initiated at a lower dosage if necessary. Patients should be closely monitored for signs of sedation, respiratory depression, and hypotension. Due to a high degree of interpatient variability with respect to grapefruit juice interactions, patients treated with oxycodone may also want to avoid or limit the consumption of grapefruit and grapefruit juice.

References

  1. Nieminen TH, Hagelberg NM, Saari TI, et al "Grapefruit juice enhances the exposure to oral oxycodone." Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 107 (2010): 782-8

You should also know about...

Roxicet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) drug Interactions

There are 764 drug interactions with Roxicet (acetaminophen / oxycodone)

Roxicet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) disease Interactions

There are 20 disease interactions with Roxicet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) which include:

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2014 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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