Percocet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) and Alcohol / Food Interactions
There are 2 alcohol/food/lifestyle interactions with Percocet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) which include:
Ask your doctor before using acetaminophen together with ethanol. This can cause serious side effects that affect your liver. Call your doctor immediately if you experience a fever, chills, joint pain or swelling, excessive tiredness or weakness, unusual bleeding or bruising, skin rash or itching, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, or yellowing of the skin or the whites of your eyes. If your doctor does prescribe these medications together, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take both medications. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.
Ask your doctor before using oxyCODONE together with ethanol, this can add to the side effects of oxyCODONE. In general, oxyCODONE should not be combined with alcohol. Dangerous side effects or death can occur when alcohol is combined with a narcotic pain medicine. Check your food and medicine labels to be sure these products do not contain alcohol. Call your doctor if you have symptoms of extreme drowsiness, pinpoint pupils, confusion, cold and clammy skin, weak pulse, shallow breathing, fainting, or breathing that stops. Avoid activities requiring mental alertness. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.
Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.
GENERALLY AVOID: The central nervous system-depressant effects of oxycodone and alcohol may be additive. Combining these agents may result in additive CNS-depression and impairment of judgment, thinking, and psychomotor skills. In more severe cases, respiratory depression, hypotension, profound sedation, and coma can occur.
GENERALLY AVOID: Grapefruit juice may increase the plasma concentrations of oxycodone. The proposed mechanism is inhibition of CYP450 3A4-mediated first-pass metabolism of oxycodone by certain compounds present in grapefruit, resulting in decreased formation of metabolites noroxycodone and noroxymorphone and increased formation of oxymorphone due to a presumed shifting of oxycodone metabolism towards the CYP450 2D6-mediated route. In 12 healthy, nonsmoking volunteers, administration of a single 10 mg oral dose of oxycodone hydrochloride on day 4 of a grapefruit juice treatment phase (200 mL three times a day for 5 days) increased mean oxycodone peak plasma concentration (Cmax), systemic exposure (AUC) and half-life by 48%, 67% and 17% (from 3.5 to 4.1 hours), respectively, compared to administration during an equivalent water treatment phase. Grapefruit juice also decreased the metabolite-to-parent AUC ratio of noroxycodone by 44% and that of noroxymorphone by 45%. In addition, oxymorphone Cmax and AUC increased by 32% and 56%, but the metabolite-to-parent AUC ratio remained unchanged. Pharmacodynamic changes were modest and only self-reported performance was significantly impaired after grapefruit juice. Analgesic effects were not affected.
MANAGEMENT: Patients should not consume alcoholic beverages or use drug products that contain alcohol during treatment with oxycodone. Any history of alcohol or illicit drug use should be considered when prescribing oxycodone, and therapy initiated at a lower dosage if necessary. Patients should be closely monitored for signs of sedation, respiratory depression, and hypotension. Due to a high degree of interpatient variability with respect to grapefruit juice interactions, patients treated with oxycodone may also want to avoid or limit the consumption of grapefruit and grapefruit juice.
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Percocet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) drug Interactions
There are 745 drug interactions with Percocet (acetaminophen / oxycodone)
Percocet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) disease Interactions
There are 20 disease interactions with Percocet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) which include:
- Liver Disease
- Impaired Gi Motility
- Infectious Diarrhea
- Liver Disease
- Renal Dysfunction
- Acute Alcohol Intoxication
- Drug Dependence
- Intracranial Pressure
- Respiratory Depression
- Gastrointestinal Obstruction
- Adrenal Insufficiency
- Biliary Spasm
- Seizure Disorders
- Urinary Retention
- Side Effects of Percocet (acetaminophen / oxycodone)
- Percocet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) Consumer Information
Drug Interaction Classification
The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
|Major||Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderate||Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minor||Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.
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