Percocet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) and Alcohol / Food Interactions
There are 2 alcohol/food/lifestyle interactions with Percocet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) which include:
Ask your doctor before using acetaminophen together with ethanol. This can cause serious side effects that affect your liver. Call your doctor immediately if you experience a fever, chills, joint pain or swelling, excessive tiredness or weakness, unusual bleeding or bruising, skin rash or itching, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, or yellowing of the skin or the whites of your eyes. If your doctor does prescribe these medications together, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take both medications. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medications without first talking to your doctor.
Do not use alcohol or medications that contain alcohol while you are receiving treatment with oxyCODONE. This may increase nervous system side effects such as drowsiness, dizziness, lightheadedness, difficulty concentrating, and impairment in thinking and judgment. In severe cases, low blood pressure, respiratory distress, fainting, coma, or even death may occur. With certain long-acting formulations of narcotic pain medication, consumption of alcohol may also cause rapid release of the drug, resulting in high blood levels that may be potentially lethal. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist if you have questions on how to take this or other medications you are prescribed. Do not use more than the recommended dose of oxyCODONE, and avoid activities requiring mental alertness such as driving or operating hazardous machinery until you know how the medication affects you. It is important to tell your doctor about all other medications you use, including vitamins and herbs. Do not stop using any medication without first talking to your doctor.
Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.
GENERALLY AVOID: Alcohol may potentiate the central nervous system (CNS) depressant effects of opioid analgesics including oxycodone. Concomitant use may result in additive CNS depression and impairment of judgment, thinking, and psychomotor skills. In more severe cases, hypotension, respiratory depression, profound sedation, coma, or even death may occur.
GENERALLY AVOID: Grapefruit juice may increase the plasma concentrations of oxycodone. The proposed mechanism is inhibition of CYP450 3A4-mediated metabolism of oxycodone by certain compounds present in grapefruit, resulting in decreased formation of metabolites noroxycodone and noroxymorphone and increased formation of oxymorphone due to a presumed shifting of oxycodone metabolism towards the CYP450 2D6-mediated route. In 12 healthy, nonsmoking volunteers, administration of a single 10 mg oral dose of oxycodone hydrochloride on day 4 of a grapefruit juice treatment phase (200 mL three times a day for 5 days) increased mean oxycodone peak plasma concentration (Cmax), systemic exposure (AUC) and half-life by 48%, 67% and 17% (from 3.5 to 4.1 hours), respectively, compared to administration during an equivalent water treatment phase. Grapefruit juice also decreased the metabolite-to-parent AUC ratio of noroxycodone by 44% and that of noroxymorphone by 45%. In addition, oxymorphone Cmax and AUC increased by 32% and 56%, but the metabolite-to-parent AUC ratio remained unchanged. Pharmacodynamic changes were modest and only self-reported performance was significantly impaired after grapefruit juice. Analgesic effects were not affected.
MANAGEMENT: Patients should not consume alcoholic beverages or use drug products that contain alcohol during treatment with oxycodone. Any history of alcohol or illicit drug use should be considered when prescribing oxycodone, and therapy initiated at a lower dosage if necessary. Patients should be closely monitored for signs and symptoms of sedation, respiratory depression, and hypotension. Due to a high degree of interpatient variability with respect to grapefruit juice interactions, patients treated with oxycodone may also want to avoid or limit the consumption of grapefruit and grapefruit juice.
- Nieminen TH, Hagelberg NM, Saari TI, et al "Grapefruit juice enhances the exposure to oral oxycodone." Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol 107 (2010): 782-8
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Percocet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) drug Interactions
There are 842 drug interactions with Percocet (acetaminophen / oxycodone)
Percocet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) disease Interactions
There are 20 disease interactions with Percocet (acetaminophen / oxycodone) which include:
- Liver Disease
- Impaired Gi Motility
- Infectious Diarrhea
- Liver Disease
- Renal Dysfunction
- Acute Alcohol Intoxication
- Drug Dependence
- Intracranial Pressure
- Respiratory Depression
- Gastrointestinal Obstruction
- Adrenal Insufficiency
- Biliary Spasm
- Seizure Disorders
- Urinary Retention
Drug Interaction Classification
The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
|Major||Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderate||Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minor||Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.
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