Nasal flaring is when the nostrils widen when you breathe. It is often a sign that is it difficult to breathe.
Nasal flaring is seen mostly in infants and younger children.
Any condition that causes difficulty breathing can cause nasal flaring. While many causes of nasal flaring are not serious, some can be life threatening.
In young infants, nasal flaring can be a very important symptom of respiratory distress.
Causes of Nasal flaring
- Asthma (acute)
- Airway obstruction (any cause)
- Epiglottitis (acute)
- Transient tachypnea of the newborn
Seek immediate emergency help if you or your child has signs of a breathing difficulty.
When to Contact a Health Professional
Call your health care provider if:
- There is any persistent, unexplained nasal flaring, especially in a young child.
- Bluish color develops in the lips, nail beds, or skin. This is a sign that breathing difficulty is severe and may mean that an emergency condition is developing.
- You think that your child is having trouble breathing.
What to Expect at Your Office Visit
The doctor or nurse will perform a physical exam and ask questions about the symptoms and medical history, such:
- When did the symptoms start?
- Are they getting better or worse?
- Is the breathing noisy, or are there wheezing sounds?
- What other symptoms are there, such as sweating or feeling tired?
- Do the muscles of the stomach, shoulders, or rib cage pull inward during breathing? (See: intercostal retractions)
The doctor or nurse will listen carefully to the breath sounds. This is called auscultation.
Tests that may be done include:
- Arterial blood gas analysis
- Complete blood count (CBC)
- Pulse oximetry to measure blood oxygen level
- X-rays of the chest
Oxygen may be given if there is a breathing problem.
Wiebe RA, Scott SM. General approach to the pediatric patient. In: Marx J, ed. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 7th ed. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby; 2011:chap. 164.
|Review Date: 5/16/2012
Reviewed By: Neil K. Kaneshiro, MD, MHA, Clinical Assistant Professor of Pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.