Distention of the colon's splenic flexure
Distention of the colon's splenic flexure is an enlargement of the splenic flexure beyond what is normal. The splenic flexure is a bend in the colon.
Alternative NamesColon splenic flexure distention
Causes of Distention of the colon's splenic flexure
Common causes of distension are:
- Infection (such as tuberculosis, amebiasis)
- Inflammation (ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease)
- Twisting of the colon (torsion, volvulus)
- Obstruction (for example, as a result of cancer)
If the colon does not contract properly, the splenic flexure can become distended.
Distention of the colon's splenic flexure Symptoms
Tests and Exams
Splenic flexure distention may be identified by the following studies:
Treatment of Distention of the colon's splenic flexure
Treatment involves decompressing the colon and treating the underlying cause of distention. This may be done with a rectal tube for decompression, or a colonoscopy to remove excess air in the colon. Occasionally, surgery may be performed to remove an obstruction or to prevent perforation (hole).
Prognosis is generally good if an underlying cause of distention can be identified and treated.
Complications are primarily perforation (hole in the colon) and infection.
When to Contact a Health Professional
If symptoms of abdominal pain, abdominal distention, or fever occur, call your provider.
Prevention of Distention of the colon's splenic flexure
There are no methods of preventing splenic flexure distention.
Reviewed By: Jenifer K. Lehrer, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Frankford-Torresdale Hospital, Jefferson Health System, Philadelphia, PA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.
Copyright 2013 A.D.A.M., Inc.