Bleeding time is a blood test that looks at how fast small blood vessels in the skin close to stop you from bleeding.
How is the Test Performed?
A blood pressure cuff is inflated around your upper arm. While the cuff is on your arm, the health care provider makes two small cuts on the lower arm. They are just deep enough to cause a tiny amount of bleeding.
The blood pressure cuff is immediately deflated. Blotting paper is touched to the cuts every 30 seconds until the bleeding stops. The health care provider records the time it takes for the cuts to stop bleeding.
Preparation for the Test
Certain medications may change the test results. Always tell your doctor what medicines you are taking, even over-the-counter drugs. Drugs that may increase bleeding times include dextran, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and salicylates (including aspirin).
Your doctor may tell you to stop taking certain medicines a few days before the test. Never stop taking medicine without first talking to your doctor.
How the Test will Feel
The tiny cuts are very shallow. Most people say it feels like a skin scratch.
Why is the Test Performed?
This test helps diagnose bleeding problems.
Normal Results for Bleeding time
Bleeding normally stops within 1 to 9 minutes. However, values may vary from lab to lab.
What Abnormal Results Mean
Longer-than-normal bleeding time may be due to:
Additional conditions under which the test may be performed:
- Acquired platelet function defect
- Congenital platelet function defects
- Primary thrombocythemia
- Von Willebrand's disease
Bleeding time Risks
There is a very slight risk of infection where the skin is broken. Excessive bleeding is rare.
Schmaier AH. Laboratory evaluation of hemostatic and thrombotic disorders. In: Hoffman R, Benz EJ Jr, Silberstein LE, Heslop HE, Weitz JI, eds. Hematology: Basic Principles and Practice. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier;
Schafer A. Approach to the patient with bleeding and thrombosis In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 174.
|Review Date: 3/3/2013
Reviewed By: Yi-Bin Chen, MD, Leukemia/Bone Marrow Transplant Program, Massachusetts General Hospital. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.