Drug interactions between Nexium and torsemide
Interactions between your selected drugs
Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.
MONITOR: Chronic use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may induce hypomagnesemia, and the risk may be increased during concomitant use of diuretics or other agents that can cause magnesium loss. The mechanism via which hypomagnesemia may occur during long-term PPI use is unknown, although changes in intestinal absorption of magnesium may be involved. Hypomagnesemia has been reported rarely in patients treated with PPIs for at least three months, but in most cases, after a year or more. Serious adverse events include tetany, seizures, tremor, carpopedal spasm, atrial fibrillation, supraventricular tachycardia, and abnormal QT interval; however, patients do not always exhibit these symptoms. Hypomagnesemia can also cause impaired parathyroid hormone secretion, which may lead to hypocalcemia. In approximately 25% of the cases of PPI-associated hypomagnesemia reviewed by the FDA, the condition did not resolve with magnesium supplementation alone but also required discontinuation of the PPI. Both positive dechallenge as well as positive rechallenge (i.e., resolution of hypomagnesemia with PPI cessation and recurrence with PPI resumption) were reported in some cases. After discontinuing the PPI, the median time required for magnesium levels to normalize was one week. After restarting the PPI, the median time for hypomagnesemia to recur was two weeks.
MANAGEMENT: Monitoring of serum magnesium levels is recommended prior to initiation of therapy and periodically thereafter if prolonged treatment with a proton pump inhibitor is anticipated or when combined with other agents that can cause hypomagnesemia such as diuretics, aminoglycosides, cation exchange resins, amphotericin B, cetuximab, cisplatin, cyclosporine, foscarnet, panitumumab, pentamidine, and tacrolimus. Patients should be advised to seek immediate medical attention if they develop potential signs and symptoms of hypomagnesemia such as palpitations, arrhythmia, muscle spasm, tremor, or convulsions. In children, abnormal heart rates may cause fatigue, upset stomach, dizziness, and lightheadedness. Magnesium replacement as well as discontinuation of the PPI may be required in some patients.
Drug Interaction Classification
The classifications below are a guideline only. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific patient is difficult to determine using this tool alone given the large number of variables that may apply.
|Major||Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderate||Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minor||Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug of drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2013 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information in contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.