Drug interactions between Aciphex and Ob-20
|Ob-20 (multivitamin, prenatal)|
Interactions between your selected drugs
Consumer information for this interaction is not currently available.
MONITOR: The profound hypochlorhydria induced by proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) may impair the gastrointestinal absorption of nonheme iron, a process that is dependent on an acidic environment. The interaction was suspected in two patients with iron deficiency anemia due to gastrointestinal blood loss that were unresponsive to oral iron replacement therapy, even after the bleeding had apparently stopped. Both patients had been on omeprazole for six months while being treated with ferrous sulfate. An iron-loading test was performed on one of the patients and indicated iron malabsorption. Within two months after discontinuation of omeprazole, notable improvements in hemoglobin level and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) were observed in both patients, and iron absorption was significantly increased in the patient who underwent absorption testing. In a case review of patients with hereditary hemochromatosis treated at one institution, investigators observed a reduced requirement for maintenance phlebotomy in seven patients following initiation of PPI therapy (mean 2.5 L blood removed/year before PPI therapy vs. 0.5 L/year during PPI therapy), presumably due to reduced tissue iron accumulation stemming from impaired absorption of dietary nonheme iron. Mean annual phlebotomy requirement during PPI therapy in these patients was also lower than that in controls who had never taken a PPI (mean 2.3 L blood removed/year). The same group of investigators also studied iron absorption in 14 patients fed an iron-loaded meal before and after PPI therapy for one week. PPI therapy was associated with a 51% reduction in area under the serum iron concentration-time curve (AUC 0 to 4 hours); a 55% reduction in maximum increase of serum iron following ingestion of iron-loaded meal; and a 46% reduction in percent recovery of administered iron at peak serum iron concentration. Interestingly, the interaction has not been reported in healthy, iron-replete individuals. In a study of 109 patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome who had not undergone gastric resection, omeprazole treatment for an average of 5.7 years did not significantly decrease body iron stores or cause iron deficiency compared to H2-receptor antagonist therapy or no gastric acid-suppressant treatment. It is possible that the interaction may not affect people with healthy iron stores because of compensation by dietary heme iron, which typically comprises only a small fraction of dietary iron but whose absorption is not dependent on gastrointestinal pH. In contrast, dietary heme iron alone may not be sufficient to restore normal iron balance in patients with anemia or those with defective regulatory mechanisms of iron absorption.
MANAGEMENT: Patients with iron deficiency may not respond adequately to oral iron replacement therapy during coadministration of proton pump inhibitors. If an interaction is suspected after ruling out other causes, it may be appropriate to discontinue the proton pump inhibitor or consider administering iron parenterally.
Drug Interaction Classification
The classifications below are a guideline only. The relevance of a particular drug interaction to a specific patient is difficult to determine using this tool alone given the large number of variables that may apply.
|Major||Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderate||Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minor||Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.
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