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Cephalosporins

Cephalosporins are a group of broad spectrum, semi-synthetic beta-lactam antibiotics derived from the mould Cephalosporium. They are divided into three groups: Cephalosporin N and C are chemically related to penicillins and Cephalosporin P a steroid antibiotic resembles fusidic acid.

The mechanism of action of cephalosporins is the same as penicillins. They interfere with bacterial cell wall synthesis.

Semisynthetic broad-spectrum cephalosporins have been produced by the addition of different side chains, to the Cephalosporin C nucleus.

They are classified according to the chronological order in which they were produced.

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