Generic name: cisplatin
Dosage form: injection, powder, lyophilized, for solution
The information at Drugs.com is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist.
PLATINOL is administered by slow intravenous infusion. PLATINOL SHOULD NOT BE GIVEN BY RAPID INTRAVENOUS INJECTION.
Note: Needles or intravenous sets containing aluminum parts that may come in contact with PLATINOL should not be used for preparation or administration. Aluminum reacts with PLATINOL, causing precipitate formation and a loss of potency.
Metastatic Testicular Tumors
The usual PLATINOL dose for the treatment of testicular cancer in combination with other approved chemotherapeutic agents is 20 mg/m2 IV daily for 5 days per cycle.
Metastatic Ovarian Tumors
The usual PLATINOL dose for the treatment of metastatic ovarian tumors in combination with cyclophosphamide is 75 to 100 mg/m2 IV per cycle once every 4 weeks (DAY 1).
The dose of cyclophosphamide when used in combination with PLATINOL is 600 mg/m2 IV once every 4 weeks (DAY 1).
For directions for the administration of cyclophosphamide, refer to the cyclophosphamide package insert.
In combination therapy, PLATINOL and cyclophosphamide are administered sequentially.
As a single agent, PLATINOL should be administered at a dose of 100 mg/m2 IV per cycle once every 4 weeks.
Advanced Bladder Cancer
PLATINOL should be administered as a single agent at a dose of 50 to 70 mg/m2 IV per cycle once every 3 to 4 weeks depending on the extent of prior exposure to radiation therapy and/or prior chemotherapy. For heavily pretreated patients an initial dose of 50 mg/m2 per cycle repeated every 4 weeks is recommended.
Pretreatment hydration with 1 to 2 liters of fluid infused for 8 to 12 hours prior to a PLATINOL dose is recommended. The drug is then diluted in 2 liters of 5% Dextrose in 1/2 or 1/3 normal saline containing 37.5 g of mannitol, and infused over a 6- to 8-hour period. If diluted solution is not to be used within 6 hours, protect solution from light. Adequate hydration and urinary output must be maintained during the following 24 hours.
A repeat course of PLATINOL should not be given until the serum creatinine is below 1.5 mg/100 mL, and/or the BUN is below 25 mg/100 mL. A repeat course should not be given until circulating blood elements are at an acceptable level (platelets ≥100,000/mm3, WBC ≥4000/mm3). Subsequent doses of PLATINOL should not be given until an audiometric analysis indicates that auditory acuity is within normal limits.