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Isosorbide Dinitrate Dosage

Applies to the following strength(s): 40 mg ; 5 mg ; 2.5 mg ; 10 mg ; 20 mg ; 30 mg

The information at Drugs.com is not a substitute for medical advice. ALWAYS consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Usual Adult Dose for:

Additional dosage information:

Usual Adult Dose for Angina Pectoris Prophylaxis

SUBLINGUAL:
2.5 to 5 mg sublingually 15 minutes prior to activity likely to cause an anginal episode

Comments:
-No dosing regimen of this drug should be expected to provide more than 12 hours of antianginal efficacy per day; a nitrate-free interval of at least 14 hours is recommended to minimize tolerance.

Use: Prevention and treatment of angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease; not the drug of choice for aborting an acute anginal episode due to slower onset of action than sublingual nitroglycerin.


IMMEDIATE RELEASE:
Initial dose: 5 to 20 mg orally 2 or 3 times a day

Maintenance dose: 10 to 40 mg orally 2 or 3 times a day

Comments:
-Total daily doses have ranged from 30 to 480 mg in clinical trials.
-No dosing regimen of this drug should be expected to provide more than 12 hours of antianginal efficacy per day; a nitrate-free interval of at least 14 hours is recommended to minimize tolerance.
-Use at the lowest effective dose to achieve therapeutic efficacy and minimize adverse effects.

Use: Prevention of angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease; onset of action not sufficiently rapid for aborting an acute anginal episode.


EXTENDED RELEASE:
40 to 160 mg/day orally

Comments:
-No dosing regimen of this drug should be expected to provide more than 12 hours of antianginal efficacy per day; a nitrate-free interval greater than 18 hours is recommended to minimize tolerance.
-40 mg was administered twice daily in doses given 6 hours apart; after 4 weeks, this drug could not be distinguished from placebo.
-Use at the lowest effective dose to achieve therapeutic efficacy and minimize adverse effects.
-Swallow whole (do not crush or chew).

Use: Prevention of angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease; onset of action not sufficiently rapid for aborting an acute anginal episode.

Usual Adult Dose for Angina Pectoris

SUBLINGUAL:
2.5 to 5 mg sublingually 15 minutes prior to activity likely to cause an anginal episode

Comments:
-No dosing regimen of this drug should be expected to provide more than 12 hours of antianginal efficacy per day; a nitrate-free interval of at least 14 hours is recommended to minimize tolerance.

Use: Prevention and treatment of angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease; not the drug of choice for aborting an acute anginal episode due to slower onset of action than sublingual nitroglycerin.


IMMEDIATE RELEASE:
Initial dose: 5 to 20 mg orally 2 or 3 times a day

Maintenance dose: 10 to 40 mg orally 2 or 3 times a day

Comments:
-Total daily doses have ranged from 30 to 480 mg in clinical trials.
-No dosing regimen of this drug should be expected to provide more than 12 hours of antianginal efficacy per day; a nitrate-free interval of at least 14 hours is recommended to minimize tolerance.
-Use at the lowest effective dose to achieve therapeutic efficacy and minimize adverse effects.

Use: Prevention of angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease; onset of action not sufficiently rapid for aborting an acute anginal episode.


EXTENDED RELEASE:
40 to 160 mg/day orally

Comments:
-No dosing regimen of this drug should be expected to provide more than 12 hours of antianginal efficacy per day; a nitrate-free interval greater than 18 hours is recommended to minimize tolerance.
-40 mg was administered twice daily in doses given 6 hours apart; after 4 weeks, this drug could not be distinguished from placebo.
-Use at the lowest effective dose to achieve therapeutic efficacy and minimize adverse effects.
-Swallow whole (do not crush or chew).

Use: Prevention of angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease; onset of action not sufficiently rapid for aborting an acute anginal episode.

Renal Dose Adjustments

No adjustment recommended

Liver Dose Adjustments

No adjustment recommended

Precautions

Safety and efficacy have not been established in patients younger than 18 years.

Consult WARNINGS section for additional precautions.

Dialysis

Data not available

Other Comments

Monitoring:
-If this drug is used in patients with acute myocardial infarction or congestive heart failure, monitor carefully to avoid hypotension and tachycardia.
-Overdose of this drug in patients with renal disease or congestive heart failure may require difficult treatment; invasive monitoring may be required.

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