Claritin-D 24 Hour (loratadine / pseudoephedrine) Disease Interactions
There are 7 disease interactions with Claritin-D 24 Hour (loratadine / pseudoephedrine):
Sympathomimetic agents may cause adverse cardiovascular effects, particularly when used in high dosages and/or in susceptible patients. In cardiac tissues, these agents may produce positive chronotropic and inotropic effects via stimulation of beta-1 adrenergic receptors. Cardiac output, oxygen consumption, and the work of the heart may be increased. In the peripheral vasculature, vasoconstriction may occur via stimulation of alpha-1 adrenergic receptors. Palpitations, tachycardia, arrhythmia, hypertension, reflex bradycardia, coronary occlusion, cerebral vasculitis, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrest, and death have been reported. Some of these agents, particularly ephedra alkaloids (ephedrine, ma huang, phenylpropanolamine), may also predispose patients to hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke. Therapy with sympathomimetic agents should generally be avoided or administered cautiously in patients with sensitivity to sympathomimetic amines, hyperthyroidism, or underlying cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disorders. These agents should not be used in patients with severe coronary artery disease or severe/uncontrolled hypertension.
Loratadine is primarily converted by the liver to an active metabolite, and both parent drug and metabolite are excreted in the urine. Patients with renal and/or liver disease may be at greater risk for adverse effects from loratadine due to drug and metabolite accumulation. The manufacturer recommends one-half the regular dosage initially in patients with liver failure or decreased renal function (GFR < 30 mL/min). Due to the differential effects of hepatic impairment on the serum half-life and clearance of loratadine and pseudoephedrine, the use of products containing a fixed combination of these drugs is not recommended in the presence of liver failure.
The extended-release formulation of pseudoephedrine (Sudafed 24 Hour) contains a non-deformable material. There have been rare reports of obstructive symptoms in patients with known strictures following the ingestion of similar sustained-release products. Therapy with the extended-release formulation of pseudoephedrine should be administered cautiously in patients with preexisting severe gastrointestinal narrowing or obstruction, whether pathologic or iatrogenic.
Chewable products frequently may contain aspartame, which is metabolized in the gastrointestinal tract to phenylalanine. Sudafed (brand of pseudoephedrine) chewable 15 mg tablets provide the equivalent of 0.78 mg of phenylalanine per each tablet. The aspartame/phenylalanine content should be considered when this and similar products are used in patients who must restrict their intake of phenylalanine (i.e. phenylketonurics).
Sympathomimetic agents may cause or worsen urinary difficulty in patients with prostate enlargement due to smooth muscle contraction in the bladder neck via stimulation of alpha-1 adrenergic receptors. Therapy with sympathomimetic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with hypertrophy or neoplasm of the prostate.
Sympathomimetic agents may cause increases in blood glucose concentrations. These effects are usually transient and slight but may be significant with dosages higher than those normally recommended. Therapy with sympathomimetic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with diabetes mellitus. Closer monitoring of blood glucose concentrations may be appropriate.
Sympathomimetic agents can induce transient mydriasis via stimulation of alpha-1 adrenergic receptors. In patients with anatomically narrow angles or narrow-angle glaucoma, pupillary dilation can provoke an acute attack. In patients with other forms of glaucoma, mydriasis may occasionally increase intraocular pressure. Therapy with sympathomimetic agents should be administered cautiously in patients with or predisposed to glaucoma, particularly narrow-angle glaucoma.
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Claritin-D 24 Hour (loratadine / pseudoephedrine) drug Interactions
There are 259 drug interactions with Claritin-D 24 Hour (loratadine / pseudoephedrine)
Claritin-D 24 Hour (loratadine / pseudoephedrine) alcohol/food Interactions
There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with Claritin-D 24 Hour (loratadine / pseudoephedrine)
- Side Effects of Claritin-D 24 Hour (loratadine / pseudoephedrine)
- Claritin-D 24 Hour (loratadine / pseudoephedrine) Consumer Information
Drug Interaction Classification
The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
|Major||Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderate||Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minor||Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.
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