Ketoconazole Disease Interactions
There are 2 disease interactions with ketoconazole:
The use of oral ketoconazole has been associated with occasional cases of hepatotoxicity. The injuries are typically hepatocellular in nature and reversible upon discontinuation of therapy, although fatalities have been reported rarely. Several cases of hepatitis have been reported in children. Liver function tests should be performed prior to initiation of therapy and regularly during treatment in patients receiving prolonged therapy with ketoconazole, particularly those with a current or past history of liver disease. Therapy should be withdrawn if persistent elevations or worsening of liver enzyme levels occur, or if the abnormalities are accompanied by symptoms of possible liver injury. Since ketoconazole is primarily metabolized by the liver, empirically reducing the dosage may also be appropriate in patients with existing liver disease.
- "Product Information. Nizoral (ketoconazole)." Janssen Pharmaceutica, Titusville, NJ.
- Stricker BH, Blok AP, Bronkhorst FB, et al "Ketoconazole-associated hepatic injury: a clinicopathological study of 55 cases." J Hepatol 3 (1986): 399-406
- Bercoff E, Bernuau J, Degott C, et al "Ketoconazole-induced fulminant hepatitis." Gut 26 (1985): 636-8
Nizoral (brand of ketoconazole) tablets require acidity for proper dissolution and absorption. Therefore, the drug may not be effective in patients with achlorhydria. Taking the medication with an acidic beverage such as orange or cranberry juice may help, but an alternative antifungal agent should be considered.
- Lake-Bakaar G, Tom W, Lake-Bakaar D, et al "Gastropathy and ketoconazole malabsorption in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)." Ann Intern Med 109 (1988): 471-3
- Daneshmend TK, Warnock DW, Ene MD, et al "Influence of food on the pharmacokinetics of ketoconazole." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 25 (1984): 1-3
- Mannisto PT, Mantyla R, Nykanen S, et al "Impairing effect of food on ketoconazole absorption." Antimicrob Agents Chemother 21 (1982): 730-3
You should also know about...
ketoconazole drug Interactions
There are 692 drug interactions with ketoconazole
ketoconazole alcohol/food Interactions
There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with ketoconazole
Drug Interaction Classification
The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
|Major||Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderate||Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minor||Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.
Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2015 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.