Rebetron (interferon alfa-2b / ribavirin) Disease Interactions
There are 3 disease interactions with Rebetron (interferon alfa-2b / ribavirin):
Oral ribavirin may cause anemia. The decrease in hemoglobin generally occurs within 1 to 2 weeks after initiation of therapy and stabilizes by week 4. Because significant anemia may adversely affect cardiac function, oral ribavirin should not be used in patients with severe anemia of any etiology or a history of serious or unstable heart disease. It should also be avoided in patients with hemoglobinopathies such as thalassemia or sickle-cell anemia. Therapy with oral ribavirin may be administered cautiously in patients with stable heart conditions. Both the hemoglobin level and cardiovascular status must be closely monitored. A permanent dosage reduction is required in these patients if the hemoglobin decreases by >= 2 g/dL during any 4-week period. If, after 4 weeks on the reduced dosage, the hemoglobin remains < 12 g/dL, therapy should be discontinued. The drug should also be withdrawn if cardiovascular status deteriorates. For all patients, a dosage reduction is recommended when hemoglobin is < 10 g/dL. If hemoglobin falls below 8.5 g/dL, oral ribavirin should be permanently discontinued. In clinical trials, hemoglobin values generally returned to baseline 4 to 8 weeks after cessation of therapy.
The use of aerosolized ribavirin has been associated with deterioration in pulmonary function, most significantly in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or asthma. Respiratory status should be monitored in all patients receiving aerosolized ribavirin, but in particular, patients with underlying respiratory disorders. Therapy should be stopped if sudden deterioration occurs, and reinstituted only with extreme caution and consideration of concomitant bronchodilator therapy.
Orally administered ribavirin is metabolized by the liver, and both parent drug and metabolites are eliminated by the kidney. In patients with creatinine clearance between 10 and 30 mL/min, the mean area under the concentration-time curve has been shown to be three times greater than that in patients with normal renal function, presumably due to decreased clearance of the drug. Therapy with oral ribavirin should be administered cautiously in patients with creatinine clearance below 50 mL/min. Dosage adjustments may be necessary. The drug is not recommended for use in patients with severe renal impairment.
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Rebetron (interferon alfa-2b / ribavirin) drug Interactions
There are 212 drug interactions with Rebetron (interferon alfa-2b / ribavirin)
Rebetron (interferon alfa-2b / ribavirin) alcohol/food Interactions
There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with Rebetron (interferon alfa-2b / ribavirin)
- Side Effects of Rebetron (interferon alfa-2b / ribavirin)
- Rebetron (interferon alfa-2b / ribavirin) Consumer Information
Drug Interaction Classification
The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.
|Major||Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.|
|Moderate||Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.|
|Minor||Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.|
Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.
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