Pulmicort Turbuhaler (budesonide) Disease Interactions

There are 5 disease interactions with Pulmicort Turbuhaler (budesonide):

Inhaled Corticosteroids (Includes Pulmicort Turbuhaler) ↔ Hyperadrenocorticism

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Hyperadrenocorticism

The use of inhaled and nasal corticosteroids may rarely precipitate or aggravate conditions of hyperadrenocorticism. Although adverse effects of corticosteroids may be minimized by local rather than systemic administration, the risks are not entirely abolished. Inhaled and nasally applied drug may be absorbed into the circulation, especially when large doses are used. It is important that the recommended dosages of the individual products not be exceeded and that the lowest effective dosage be used. The development of symptoms such as menstrual irregularities, acneiform lesions, cataracts and cushingoid features during inhaled or nasal corticosteroid therapy may indicate excessive use.

References

  1. Monk B, Cunliffe WJ, Layton AM, Rhodes DJ "Acne induced by inhaled corticosteroids." Clin Exp Dermatol 18 (1993): 148-50
  2. Barnes PJ "Drug therapy: inhaled glucocorticoids for asthma." N Engl J Med 332 (1995): 868-75
  3. "Product Information. Flovent (fluticasone)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
View all 28 references

Inhaled Corticosteroids (Includes Pulmicort Turbuhaler) ↔ Infections

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Infection - Bacterial/Fungal/Protozoal/Viral, Tuberculosis -- Latent

The immunosuppressant and anti-inflammatory effects of corticosteroids, particularly in higher dosages, may decrease host resistance to infectious agents, decrease the ability to localize infections, and mask the symptoms of infection. Secondary infections may be more likely to develop. Therapy with inhaled and nasal corticosteroids should be administered cautiously in patients with an infection, particularly active or quiescent tuberculosis infection of the respiratory tract or any untreated systemic fungal, bacterial, parasitic, or viral infection. Although adverse effects of corticosteroids may be minimized by local rather than systemic administration, the risks are not entirely abolished. Inhaled and nasally applied drug may be absorbed into the circulation, especially when large doses are used. It is important that the recommended dosages of the individual products not be exceeded and that the lowest effective dosage be used.

References

  1. Executive Committee American Academy of Allergy and Immunology "Inhaled corticosteroids and severe viral infections." J Allergy Clin Immunol 92 (1993): 223-8
  2. Webb EL "Nasal candidiasis in a patient on long-term topical intranasal corticosteroid therapy." J Allergy Clin Immunol 91 (1993): 680-1
  3. Messerli C, Studer H, Scherrer M "Systemic side effects of beclomethasone dipropionate aerosols (becotide, aldecine, sanasthmyl) in otherwise non steroid treated asthmatic patients." Pneumonologie 153 (1975): 29-42
View all 29 references

Inhaled Corticosteroids (Includes Pulmicort Turbuhaler) ↔ Ocular Herpes Simplex

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Ocular Herpes Simplex

Pharmacologic dosages of corticosteroids may increase the risk of corneal perforation in patients with ocular herpes simplex. Therapy with inhaled and nasal corticosteroids should be administered cautiously in such patients.

References

  1. "Product Information. Aerobid (flunisolide)." Forest Pharmaceuticals, St. Louis, MO.
  2. "Product Information. Pulmicort Turbuhaler (budesonide)." Astra USA, Westborough, MA.
  3. "Product Information. Azmacort (triamcinolone)." Rhone-Polenc Rorer, Collegeville, PA.
View all 11 references

Inhaled Corticosteroids (Includes Pulmicort Turbuhaler) ↔ Ocular Toxicities

Moderate Potential Hazard, Low plausibility

Applies to: Glaucoma/Intraocular Hypertension, Cataracts

Prolonged use of corticosteroids may cause posterior subcapsular cataracts and elevated intraocular pressure, the latter of which may lead to glaucoma and/or damage to the optic nerves. Therapy with inhaled and nasal corticosteroids has only rarely produced these effects but should be administered cautiously nonetheless in patients with a history of cataracts, glaucoma, or increased intraocular pressure. Although adverse effects of corticosteroids may be minimized by local rather than systemic administration, the risks are not entirely abolished. Inhaled and nasally applied drug may be absorbed into the circulation, especially when large doses are used. It is important that the recommended dosages of the individual products not be exceeded and that the lowest effective dosage be used.

References

  1. Allen MB, Ray SG, Leitch AG, Dhillon B, Cullen B "Steroid aerosols and cataract formation." BMJ 299 (1989): 432-3
  2. Barnes PJ "Drug therapy: inhaled glucocorticoids for asthma." N Engl J Med 332 (1995): 868-75
  3. "Product Information. Vancenase (beclomethasone)." Glaxo Wellcome, Research Triangle Park, NC.
View all 30 references

Inhaled Corticosteroids (Includes Pulmicort Turbuhaler) ↔ Osteoporosis

Moderate Potential Hazard, Moderate plausibility

Applies to: Osteoporosis

Prolonged use of inhaled corticosteroids may be associated with a reduction in bone density. This effect appears to be dose-related and has been reported primarily with high dosages (>= 800 mcg/day of beclomethasone or equivalent for >= 1 year). Reduced levels of total body calcium have also been demonstrated in patients receiving lower dosages. Long-term therapy with inhaled and nasal corticosteroids should be administered cautiously in patients with osteoporosis. It is important that the recommended dosages of the individual products not be exceeded and that the lowest effective dosage be used.

References

  1. Luengo M, delRio L, Pons F, Picado C "Bone mineral density in asthmatic patients treated with inhaled corticosteroids: a case-control study." Eur Respir J 10 (1997): 2110-3
  2. Packe GE, Douglas JG, McDonald AF, Robins SP, Reid DM "Bone density in asthmatic patients taking high dose inhaled beclomethasone diproprionate and intermittent systemic corticosteroids." Thorax 47 (1992): 414-7
  3. Martinati LC, Bertoldo F, Gasperi E, Micelli S, Boner AL "Effect on cortical and trabecular bone mass of different anti-inflammatory treatments in preadolescent children with chronic asthma." Am J Respir Crit Care Med 153 (1996): 232-6
View all 24 references

You should also know about...

Pulmicort Turbuhaler (budesonide) drug Interactions

There are 364 drug interactions with Pulmicort Turbuhaler (budesonide)

Pulmicort Turbuhaler (budesonide) alcohol/food Interactions

There is 1 alcohol/food interaction with Pulmicort Turbuhaler (budesonide)

Drug Interaction Classification

The classifications below are a general guideline only. It is difficult to determine the relevance of a particular drug interaction to any individual given the large number of variables.

Major Highly clinically significant. Avoid combinations; the risk of the interaction outweighs the benefit.
Moderate Moderately clinically significant. Usually avoid combinations; use it only under special circumstances.
Minor Minimally clinically significant. Minimize risk; assess risk and consider an alternative drug, take steps to circumvent the interaction risk and/or institute a monitoring plan.

Do not stop taking any medications without consulting your healthcare provider.

Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Multum is accurate, up-to-date and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. In addition, the drug information contained herein may be time sensitive and should not be utilized as a reference resource beyond the date hereof. This material does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients, or recommend therapy. Multum's information is a reference resource designed as supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge, and judgement of healthcare practitioners in patient care. The absence of a warning for a given drug or combination thereof in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for any given patient. Multum Information Services, Inc. does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. Copyright 2000-2014 Multum Information Services, Inc. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist.

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