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Medical Term:


Pronunciation: fos-fōr′i-lās′ĕz


  1. General term for enzymes transferring a phosphoryl group to some organic acceptor, hence belonging to the transferases.
  2. Specifically, enzymes that release a single glucosyl residue from a polyglucose as d-glucose 1-phosphate, the phosphate coming from orthophosphate; phosphophorylase, sucrose phosphorylases, cellobiose phosphorylases.