Medical Term:

Neyman-Pearson statistical hypothesis

Pronunciation: nā′man pēr′son

Definition: a formal conjecture about the numeric value of a parameter to be tested exclusively in the light of an immediate set of data without attention to prior knowledge or convictions and ignoring other sets of evidence treated in a similar fashion. The answer is a statement not about whether the hypothesis is true but whether it is an acceptable explanation of the data or should be rejected in favor of another hypothesis.

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