Medical Term:

lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase

Pronunciation: les′i-thin-kō-les′tĕr-ōl as′ĭl-trans′fĕr-ās

Definition: An enzyme that reversibly transfers an acyl residue from a lecithin to cholesterol, forming a 1-acylglycerophosphocholine (a lysolecithin) and a cholesteryl ester; a deficiency of this enzyme leads to accumulation of unesterified cholesterol in plasma resulting in anemia, proteinuria, renal failure, and corneal opacities; LCAT is also low in people with fish eye disease.

Synonym(s): lecithin acyltransferase

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