Medical Term:

hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid

Pronunciation: hep-ă-tī′tis vī′rŭs rē-bō-nū-klē′ik as′id

Definition: HCV is an RNA virus that can be directly detected in human blood using either a qualitative or quantitative assay. Qualitative assays are sensitive to low levels of viral replication with a lower limit of detection of 100 copies/mL. Quantitative assays estimate the number of viral particles in the blood with a variable dynamic range.