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tetrabenazine (Oral route)

tet-ra-BEN-a-zeen

Oral route(Tablet)

Tetrabenazine can increase the risk of depression and suicidal thoughts and behavior (suicidality). This risk must be balanced with the clinical need. Monitor patients closely for clinical worsening, suicidality, or unusual changes in behavior. Families and caregivers should be advised of the need for close observation and communication with the prescriber. Particular caution should be exercised in treating patients with a history of depression or prior suicide attempts or ideation. Tetrabenazine is contraindicated in patients who are actively suicidal, and in patients with untreated or inadequately treated depression .

Commonly used brand name(s)

In the U.S.

  • Xenazine

Available Dosage Forms:

  • Tablet

Therapeutic Class: Central Nervous System Agent

Pharmacologic Class: Monoamine Depletor

Chemical Class: Benzoquinolizine

Uses For tetrabenazine

Tetrabenazine is used to treat chorea (a movement disorder) that is caused by Huntington disease. Tetrabenazine works in the central nervous system (CNS) to prevent the absorption of certain chemicals (such as dopamine and serotonin).

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tetrabenazine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using tetrabenazine

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For tetrabenazine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to tetrabenazine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of tetrabenazine in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

No information is available on the relationship of age to the effects of tetrabenazine in geriatric patients.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category Explanation
All Trimesters C Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.

Breast Feeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking tetrabenazine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using tetrabenazine with any of the following medicines is not recommended. Your doctor may decide not to treat you with this medication or change some of the other medicines you take.

  • Amifampridine
  • Brofaromine
  • Cisapride
  • Clorgyline
  • Dronedarone
  • Furazolidone
  • Iproniazid
  • Isocarboxazid
  • Lazabemide
  • Linezolid
  • Mesoridazine
  • Moclobemide
  • Nialamide
  • Pargyline
  • Phenelzine
  • Pimozide
  • Procarbazine
  • Rasagiline
  • Reserpine
  • Selegiline
  • Sparfloxacin
  • Toloxatone
  • Tranylcypromine

Using tetrabenazine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Acecainide
  • Ajmaline
  • Alfuzosin
  • Amiodarone
  • Amitriptyline
  • Amoxapine
  • Apomorphine
  • Arsenic Trioxide
  • Artemether
  • Asenapine
  • Astemizole
  • Azimilide
  • Azithromycin
  • Bedaquiline
  • Bretylium
  • Chloroquine
  • Chlorpromazine
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Citalopram
  • Clarithromycin
  • Clomipramine
  • Clozapine
  • Crizotinib
  • Cyclobenzaprine
  • Dabrafenib
  • Dasatinib
  • Delamanid
  • Desipramine
  • Disopyramide
  • Dofetilide
  • Dolasetron
  • Domperidone
  • Droperidol
  • Erythromycin
  • Escitalopram
  • Flecainide
  • Fluconazole
  • Fluoxetine
  • Formoterol
  • Gatifloxacin
  • Gemifloxacin
  • Granisetron
  • Halofantrine
  • Haloperidol
  • Hydroquinidine
  • Ibutilide
  • Iloperidone
  • Imipramine
  • Ivabradine
  • Ketoconazole
  • Lapatinib
  • Levofloxacin
  • Lopinavir
  • Lumefantrine
  • Mefloquine
  • Methadone
  • Mifepristone
  • Moxifloxacin
  • Nilotinib
  • Norfloxacin
  • Nortriptyline
  • Octreotide
  • Ofloxacin
  • Olanzapine
  • Ondansetron
  • Paliperidone
  • Pasireotide
  • Pazopanib
  • Perflutren Lipid Microsphere
  • Pirmenol
  • Posaconazole
  • Prajmaline
  • Procainamide
  • Prochlorperazine
  • Promethazine
  • Propafenone
  • Protriptyline
  • Quetiapine
  • Quinidine
  • Quinine
  • Ranolazine
  • Risperidone
  • Salmeterol
  • Saquinavir
  • Sematilide
  • Sevoflurane
  • Sodium Phosphate
  • Sodium Phosphate, Dibasic
  • Sodium Phosphate, Monobasic
  • Solifenacin
  • Sorafenib
  • Sotalol
  • Sunitinib
  • Tedisamil
  • Telavancin
  • Telithromycin
  • Terfenadine
  • Tetrabenazine
  • Thioridazine
  • Tizanidine
  • Toremifene
  • Trazodone
  • Trifluoperazine
  • Trimipramine
  • Vandetanib
  • Vardenafil
  • Vemurafenib
  • Vilanterol
  • Vinflunine
  • Voriconazole
  • Ziprasidone

Using tetrabenazine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Paroxetine

Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of tetrabenazine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Bradycardia (slow heartbeat) or
  • Hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood) or
  • Hypomagnesemia (low magnesium in the blood)—Use with caution. May increase risk of serious side effects.
  • Depression, history of or
  • Heart attack, recent or
  • Heart disease or
  • Heart rhythm problems (e.g., QT prolongation), history of or
  • Suicidal thoughts or behavior, history of or
  • Tardive dyskinesia (a movement disorder)—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Depression, untreated or
  • Liver disease or
  • Suicidal thoughts or behavior, active—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.

Proper Use of tetrabenazine

Take tetrabenazine only as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered.

tetrabenazine may be taken with or without food.

Dosing

The dose of tetrabenazine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of tetrabenazine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage form (tablets):
    • For chorea:
      • Adults—At first, 12.5 milligrams (mg) in the morning once a day. Your doctor may adjust your dose if needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 100 mg per day.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of tetrabenazine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions While Using tetrabenazine

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to see if the medicine is working properly and to allow for changes in the dose.

Tetrabenazine may cause some people to be agitated, irritable, or display other abnormal behaviors. It may also cause some people to have suicidal thoughts and tendencies, or to become more depressed. If you or your caregiver notice any of these side effects, tell your doctor right away.

Do not take tetrabenazine if you are also taking a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor such as isocarboxazid (Marplan®), phenelzine (Nardil®), selegiline (Eldepryl®), or tranylcypromine (Parnate®). If you have questions, check with your doctor.

Do not take tetrabenazine if you are also taking reserpine (Harmonyl®). Wait at least 20 days after stopping reserpine before starting tetrabenazine. If you have questions, check with your doctor.

Check with your doctor right away if you have more than one of these symptoms while taking tetrabenazine: convulsions (seizures), difficulty with breathing, a fast heartbeat, a high fever, high or low blood pressure, increased sweating, loss of bladder control, severe muscle stiffness, unusually pale skin, or tiredness. These could be symptoms of a serious condition called neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS).

tetrabenazine may cause drowsiness, trouble with thinking, or trouble with controlling movements. Make sure you know how you react to tetrabenazine before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are not alert or able to think well.

Make sure your doctor knows if you are using chlorpromazine (Thorazine®), thioridazine (Mellaril®), ziprasidone (Geodon®), moxifloxacin (Avelox®), quinidine, procainamide (Pronestyl®), amiodarone (Cordarone®), or sotalol (Betapase®). Using any of these medicines together with tetrabenazine may cause serious side effects.

tetrabenazine may cause tardive dyskinesia (a movement disorder). This may not go away after you stop using the medicine. Check with your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms while taking tetrabenazine: lip smacking or puckering, puffing of the cheeks, rapid or worm-like movements of the tongue, uncontrolled chewing movements, or uncontrolled movements of the arms and legs.

Dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting may occur, especially when you get up from a lying or sitting position. Getting up slowly may help. If the problem continues or gets worse, check with your doctor.

tetrabenazine will add to the effects of alcohol and other central nervous system (CNS) depressants. CNS depressants are medicines that slow down the nervous system, which may cause drowsiness or make you less alert. Some examples of CNS depressants are antihistamines or medicine for hay fever, allergies, or colds; sedatives, tranquilizers, or sleeping medicine; prescription pain medicine or narcotics; barbiturates (used for seizures); muscle relaxants; or anesthetics (numbing medicines), including some dental anesthetics. This effect may last for a few days after you stop taking tetrabenazine. Check with your doctor before taking any of the above while you are using tetrabenazine.

tetrabenazine Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
  • Body aches or pain
  • chills
  • cough
  • difficulty in breathing
  • difficulty with swallowing
  • discouragement
  • drowsiness
  • ear congestion
  • fear or nervousness
  • feeling sad or empty
  • fever
  • headache
  • inability to sit still
  • irritability
  • lack of appetite
  • loss of balance control
  • loss of interest or pleasure
  • loss of voice
  • mask-like face
  • nasal congestion
  • need to keep moving
  • relaxed and calm
  • restlessness
  • runny nose
  • shuffling walk
  • sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
  • sleeplessness
  • slow movement or reflexes
  • slurred speech
  • sneezing
  • sore throat
  • stiffness of arms and legs
  • tic-like (jerky) movements of the head, face, mouth, and neck
  • tiredness
  • trembling and shaking of fingers and hands
  • trouble concentrating
  • trouble sleeping
  • trouble with balance
  • unable to sleep
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
Less common
  • Burning while urinating
  • changes in patterns and rhythms of speech
  • cough producing mucus
  • difficult or painful urination
  • dizziness
  • shortness of breath
  • tightness in chest
  • trouble in speaking
  • trouble in walking
  • wheezing

Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur:

Symptoms of overdose
  • Blurred vision
  • diarrhea
  • dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up from a lying or sitting position suddenly
  • fixed position of the eye
  • inability to move eyes
  • increased blinking or spasms of the eyelid
  • mood or mental changes
  • nausea and vomiting
  • seeing, hearing, or feeling things that are not there
  • shakiness in legs, arms, hands, or feet
  • sticking out of tongue
  • sweating
  • trembling or shaking of hands or feet
  • uncontrolled twisting movements of neck, trunk, arms, or legs
  • unusual facial expressions

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
  • Bruising
  • large, flat, blue, or purplish patches in the skin
Less common
  • Decreased appetite

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

See also: Side effects (in more detail)

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