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ceftaroline (Intravenous route)

Pronunciation

sef-TAR-oh-leen FOS-a-mil

Commonly used brand name(s)

In the U.S.

  • Teflaro

Available Dosage Forms:

  • Powder for Solution

Therapeutic Class: Antibiotic

Pharmacologic Class: 5th Generation Cephalosporin

Uses For ceftaroline

Ceftaroline injection is used to treat acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) and community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) caused by bacteria in adult patients.

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Ceftaroline injection belongs to the class of medicines known as cephalosporin antibiotics. It works by killing bacteria or preventing their growth. However, ceftaroline will not work for colds, flu, or other virus infections.

ceftaroline is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using ceftaroline

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For ceftaroline, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to ceftaroline or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of ceftaroline injection in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of ceftaroline injection in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related kidney problems, which may require caution and an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving ceftaroline injection.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category Explanation
All Trimesters B Animal studies have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus, however, there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate studies in pregnant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus.

Breast Feeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.

Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of ceftaroline. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Anemia or
  • Colitis (inflammation in gut), history of or
  • Diarrhea, severe, history of—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Kidney disease—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.

Proper Use of ceftaroline

A nurse or other trained health professional will give you ceftaroline. ceftaroline is given through a needle placed in one of your veins.

ceftaroline is usually given every 12 hours for 5 to 14 days or until your body responds to the medicine. Each treatment usually takes at least an hour.

To help clear up your infection completely, keep using ceftaroline for the full time of treatment, even if you begin to feel better after a few days. Also, ceftaroline works best when there is a constant amount in the blood. To help keep the amount constant, you must receive ceftaroline on a regular schedule.

Precautions While Using ceftaroline

Your doctor will check your progress closely while you are receiving ceftaroline. This will allow your doctor to see if the medicine is working properly and to decide if you should continue to receive it.

If your symptoms do not improve within a few days, or if they become worse, check with your doctor.

ceftaroline may cause serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, which can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention. Call your doctor right away if you have itching; hives; hoarseness; shortness of breath; trouble breathing; trouble swallowing; or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth after you receive ceftaroline.

ceftaroline may cause diarrhea, and in some cases it can be severe. It may occur 2 months or more after you stop using ceftaroline. Do not take any medicine to treat diarrhea without first checking with your doctor. If you have any questions or if mild diarrhea continues or gets worse, check with your doctor.

Hemolytic anemia may occur while you are using ceftaroline. Stop using ceftaroline and check with your doctor right away if you have back, leg, or stomach pains; bleeding gums; chills; dark urine; difficulty with breathing; fever; general body swelling; headache; loss of appetite; nausea or vomiting; nosebleeds; pale skin; sore throat; unusual tiredness or weakness; or yellowing of the eyes or skin.

Before you have any medical tests, tell the medical doctor in charge that you are receiving ceftaroline. The results of some tests may be affected by ceftaroline.

ceftaroline Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor or nurse immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
  • Back, leg, or stomach pains
  • bleeding gums
  • chills
  • dark urine
  • difficulty with breathing
  • fever
  • general body swelling
  • headache
  • loss of appetite
  • nausea or vomiting
  • nosebleeds
  • pale skin
  • sore throat
  • unusual tiredness or weakness
  • yellowing of the eyes or skin
Less common
  • Abdominal or stomach tenderness
  • black, tarry stools
  • blood in the urine or stools
  • bluish color
  • changes in skin color
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • confusion
  • convulsions
  • cough
  • decreased frequency or amount of urine
  • diarrhea
  • difficulty with swallowing
  • dizziness
  • dry mouth
  • fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
  • general tiredness and weakness
  • hives
  • increased blood pressure
  • increased thirst
  • itching
  • light-colored stools
  • lightheadedness, dizziness, or fainting
  • lower back or side pain
  • mood changes
  • muscle pain or cramps
  • nervousness
  • numbness or tingling in the hands, feet, or lips
  • painful or difficult urination
  • pinpoint red spots on the skin
  • puffiness or swelling of the eyelids or around the eyes, face, lips, or tongue
  • severe abdominal or stomach cramps and pain
  • shortness of breath
  • skin itching, rash, or redness
  • slow or irregular heartbeat
  • sores, ulcers, or white spots on the lips or in the mouth
  • swelling of the face, throat, fingers, or lower legs
  • swollen glands
  • tenderness
  • tightness in the chest
  • troubled breathing
  • troubled breathing with exertion
  • unusual bleeding or bruising
  • upper right abdominal or stomach pain
  • watery and severe diarrhea, which may also be bloody
  • weakness or heaviness of the legs
  • weight gain
  • wheezing

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less common
  • Blurred vision
  • difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
  • flushed, dry skin fruit-like breath odor
  • hives or welts
  • increased hunger
  • increased urination
  • sweating
  • unexplained weight loss

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

See also: Side effects (in more detail)

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