Bravelle

Generic Name: urofollitropin (Intramuscular route, Subcutaneous route)

ure-oh-FOL-li-troe-pin

Commonly used brand name(s)

In the U.S.

  • Fertinex

Available Dosage Forms:

  • Powder for Solution

Therapeutic Class: Female Reproductive Agent

Pharmacologic Class: Human Follicle Stimulating Hormone

Uses For Bravelle

Urofollitropin injection is used to treat infertility in women. This medicine is a man-made hormone called follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). FSH is produced in the body by the pituitary gland. FSH helps to develop eggs in the ovaries of women.

Urofollitropin will help develop and release eggs in women who have not been able to become pregnant because of problems with ovulation, and have already received a medicine to control their pituitary gland.

Slideshow: Grapefruit and Medicines: A Possible Deadly Mix?

Grapefruit and grapefruit juice can react adversely with over 85 prescription medications.

This medicine is also used in women with healthy ovaries who are enrolled in a fertility program called assisted reproductive technology (ART). ART uses procedures such as in vitro fertilization (IVF). Urofollitropin is used together with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) in these procedures.

Urofollitropin is often used in women who have low levels of FSH and too-high levels of LH. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome usually have hormone levels such as this and are treated with urofollitropin to make up for the low amounts of FSH. Many women being treated with urofollitropin have already tried clomiphene (eg, Serophene) and have not been able to conceive yet. Urofollitropin may also be used to cause the ovary to produce several follicles, which can then be harvested for use in gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) or in vitro fertilization (IVF).

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using Bravelle

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Pediatric

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of urofollitropin injection in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Geriatric

Appropriate studies on the relationship of age to the effects of urofollitropin injection have not been performed in the geriatric population.

Pregnancy

Pregnancy Category Explanation
All Trimesters X Studies in animals or pregnant women have demonstrated positive evidence of fetal abnormalities. This drug should not be used in women who are or may become pregnant because the risk clearly outweighs any possible benefit.

Breast Feeding

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Interactions with Medicines

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. Tell your healthcare professional if you are taking any other prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicine.

Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other Medical Problems

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Abnormal or unusual vaginal bleeding or
  • Adrenal gland problems, uncontrolled or
  • Cysts in the ovaries or enlarged ovaries or
  • High levels of FSH or
  • Pituitary gland problems, uncontrolled or
  • Thyroid gland problems, uncontrolled or
  • Tumor in the brain (hypothalamus area or pituitary gland) or
  • Tumor in the breast or
  • Tumor in the ovary or uterus—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
  • Blood clots (eg, pulmonary embolism, venous thromboembolism), or history of or
  • Blood vessel problems or
  • Lung or breathing problems or
  • Ovarian torsion (twisting of the ovary), history of or
  • Stroke, or history of—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.

Proper Use of urofollitropin

This section provides information on the proper use of a number of products that contain urofollitropin. It may not be specific to Bravelle. Please read with care.

A nurse or other trained health professional will give you this medicine. This medicine is given as a shot under the skin or into a muscle.

Urofollitropin is used with another hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). At the proper time, your doctor or nurse will give you this medicine.

This medicine comes with a patient information leaflet. Read and follow these instructions carefully. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.

You might be taught how to give your medicine at home. If you are using this medicine at home:

  • Wash your hands with soap and water and use a clean work area to prepare your injection.
  • Make sure you understand and carefully follow your doctor's instructions on how to give yourself an injection, including the proper use of a needle and syringe.
  • Check the solution in the vial. It should be clear and colorless. If it is cloudy, discolored, or contains large particles, do not use it.
  • Do not inject more or less of the medicine than your doctor ordered.
  • You will be shown the body areas (eg, stomach) where this shot can be given. Use a different body area each time you give yourself a shot. Keep track of where you give each shot to make sure you rotate body areas. This will prevent skin problems.
  • Use a new needle and syringe each time you inject your medicine.
  • It is very important that you keep track of each dose you inject. Your doctor or nurse will help you with this.

Dosing

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For injection dosage form:
    • For becoming pregnant while having a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome:
      • Adults—75 International Units (IU) injected under the skin or into a muscle once a day for 7 or more days. Your doctor will give you another medicine called chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) the day after the last dose. Your doctor will increase your dose to 150 IU per day for another 7 or more days, if needed.
      • Children—Use is not recommended.
    • For induction of ovulation in women:
      • Adults—At first, 150 International Units (IU) injected under the skin or into a muscle once a day for 5 days in the first cycle of treatment. Your doctor will adjust your dose after 5 days, if needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 450 IU per day. Do not use this medicine for more than 12 days.
      • Children—Use is not recommended.
    • For women with healthy ovaries undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART):
      • Adults—At first, 225 International Units (IU) (150 IU of Bravelle® and 75 IU of Menopur® or 75 IU of Bravelle® and 150 IU of Menopur®) injected under the skin once a day. Your doctor will adjust your dose after 5 days, if needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 450 IU per day. Do not use this medicine for more than 12 days.
      • Children—Use is not recommended.

Missed Dose

Call your doctor or pharmacist for instructions.

Storage

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Store the unused medicine in the refrigerator or at room temperature, protect from light. After mixing, use it immediately. Throw away any unused mixed medicine.

Throw away used needles and syringes in a hard, closed container that the needles cannot poke through. Keep this container away from children and pets.

Precautions While Using Bravelle

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure that the medicine is working properly and to check for unwanted effects. Blood and urine tests, and ultrasound examinations are needed to check for any unwanted effects caused by this medicine.

Call your doctor right away if you think you have become pregnant while you are using this medicine. You may have a higher risk of an ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage if you get pregnant while undergoing IVF procedures. An ectopic pregnancy can be a serious and life-threatening condition. It can also cause problems that may make it harder for you to become pregnant in the future.

This medicine may cause serious allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention. Call your doctor right away if you have a rash, itching, trouble breathing, trouble swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth while you are using this medicine.

If your doctor has asked you to record your basal body temperature (BBT) daily, make sure that you know how to do this. Carefully follow your doctor's instructions.

This medicine may increase your risk of having a problem with the ovaries called ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). OHSS is a serious problem that can be life-threatening. Call your doctor right away if you have severe pain in the lower stomach area, nausea, vomiting, weight gain, diarrhea, decreased urine output, or trouble breathing.

This medicine may increase your risk of having a blood clot, heart attack, or stroke. This is more likely in people who already have heart disease. Contact your doctor right away if you have chest pain, tightness in the chest, a fast or irregular heartbeat, unusual flushing or warmth of the skin, increased coughing, trouble with breathing, a sudden difficulty with breathing at night, or abnormal swelling in your ankles or legs. These could be symptoms of serious heart problems or blood clots.

This medicine may cause more than one egg to be released from your ovary at the same time. This means you may become pregnant with more than one baby. Talk with your doctor about this possibility before you start using this medicine.

This medicine may increase your risk of having ovarian cancer if you received it more than one time to get pregnant. Talk to your doctor about this risk.

Bravelle Side Effects

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
  • Abdominal or pelvic pain
  • bloating (mild)
Less common or rare
  • Abdominal or stomach pain (severe)
  • bloating (moderate to severe)
  • chest pain or trouble breathing
  • decreased amount of urine
  • feeling of indigestion
  • headache, sudden and severe
  • nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea (continuing or severe)
  • pelvic pain (severe)
  • shortness of breath or wheezing
  • skin rash or hives
  • swelling of the arms or lower legs
  • weight gain (rapid)

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less common or rare
  • Breast tenderness
  • diarrhea (mild)
  • headache
  • hot flashes
  • nausea
  • redness, pain, or swelling at the injection site
  • vomiting

After you stop using this medicine, it may still produce some side effects that need attention. During this period of time, check with your doctor immediately if you notice the following side effects:

  • Abdominal or stomach pain (severe)
  • bloating (moderate to severe)
  • decreased amount of urine
  • feeling of indigestion
  • nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea (continuing or severe)
  • pelvic pain (severe)
  • shortness of breath
  • swelling of the lower legs
  • weight gain (rapid)

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

See also: Side effects (in more detail)

The information contained in the Truven Health Micromedex products as delivered by Drugs.com is intended as an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatment. It is not a substitute for a medical exam, nor does it replace the need for services provided by medical professionals. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before taking any prescription or over the counter drugs (including any herbal medicines or supplements) or following any treatment or regimen. Only your doctor, nurse, or pharmacist can provide you with advice on what is safe and effective for you.

The use of the Truven Health products is at your sole risk. These products are provided "AS IS" and "as available" for use, without warranties of any kind, either express or implied. Truven Health and Drugs.com make no representation or warranty as to the accuracy, reliability, timeliness, usefulness or completeness of any of the information contained in the products. Additionally, TRUVEN HEALTH MAKES NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTIES AS TO THE OPINIONS OR OTHER SERVICE OR DATA YOU MAY ACCESS, DOWNLOAD OR USE AS A RESULT OF USE OF THE THOMSON REUTERS HEALTHCARE PRODUCTS. ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE OR USE ARE HEREBY EXCLUDED. Truven Health does not assume any responsibility or risk for your use of the Truven Health products.

Copyright 2014 Truven Health Analytics, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Hide
(web2)