azilsartan and chlorthalidone (Oral route)
ay-zil-SAR-tan me-DOX-oh-mil, klor-THAL-i-done
Discontinue use of azilsartan medoxomil/chlorthalidone as quickly as possible if pregnancy is detected as drugs that act directly on the renin-angiotensin system can cause injury and death to the developing fetus .
Commonly used brand name(s)
In the U.S.
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Antihypertensive
Pharmacologic Class: Angiotensin II Receptor Antagonist
Chemical Class: Thiazide Related
Uses For azilsartan and chlorthalidone
Azilsartan and chlorthalidone combination is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure adds to the workload of the heart and arteries. If it continues for a long time, the heart and arteries may not function properly. This can damage the blood vessels of the brain, heart, and kidneys, resulting in a stroke, heart failure, or kidney failure. Lowering blood pressure can reduce the risk of strokes and heart attacks.
Azilsartan is an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB). It works by blocking a substance in the body that causes blood vessels to tighten. As a result, azilsartan relaxes the blood vessels. This lowers blood pressure and increases the supply of blood and oxygen to the heart.
Chlorthalidone is a thiazide-like diuretic (water pill). It reduces the amount of water in the body by increasing the flow of urine, which helps lower the blood pressure.
azilsartan and chlorthalidone is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before Using azilsartan and chlorthalidone
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For azilsartan and chlorthalidone, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to azilsartan and chlorthalidone or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of azilsartan and chlorthalidone combination in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.
Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of azilsartan and chlorthalidone combination in the elderly.
|All Trimesters||D||Studies in pregnant women have demonstrated a risk to the fetus. However, the benefits of therapy in a life threatening situation or a serious disease, may outweigh the potential risk.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking azilsartan and chlorthalidone, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using azilsartan and chlorthalidone with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Arsenic Trioxide
Using azilsartan and chlorthalidone with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Amtolmetin Guacil
- Choline Salicylate
- Enalapril Maleate
- Flufenamic Acid
- Ibuprofen Lysine
- Mefenamic Acid
- Niflumic Acid
- Salicylic Acid
- Sodium Salicylate
- Tiaprofenic Acid
- Tolfenamic Acid
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of azilsartan and chlorthalidone. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Anuria (not able to pass urine) or
- Diabetic patients who are also taking aliskiren (Tekturna®)—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
- Congestive heart failure, severe—Use may lead to kidney problems.
- Electrolyte imbalances (e.g., low potassium or sodium in the body) or
- Fluid imbalances (caused by dehydration, vomiting, or diarrhea) or
- Gout or
- Kidney problems or
- Liver disease—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
Proper Use of azilsartan and chlorthalidone
In addition to the use of azilsartan and chlorthalidone, treatment for your high blood pressure may include weight control and a change in the types of foods you eat, especially foods high in sodium (salt). Your doctor will tell you which of these are most important for you. You should check with your doctor before changing your diet.
Many patients who have high blood pressure will not notice any symptoms of the problem. In fact, many may feel normal. It is very important that you take your medicine exactly as directed and that you keep your appointments with your doctor even if you feel well.
Remember that azilsartan and chlorthalidone will not cure your high blood pressure, but it does help control it. You must continue to take it as directed if you expect to lower your blood pressure and keep it down. You may have to take high blood pressure medicine for the rest of your life. If high blood pressure is not treated, it can cause serious problems such as heart failure, blood vessel disease, stroke, or kidney disease.
You may take azilsartan and chlorthalidone with or without food.
azilsartan and chlorthalidone comes with a patient information leaflet. It is very important that you read and understand this information. Be sure to ask your doctor about anything you do not understand.
The dose of azilsartan and chlorthalidone will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of azilsartan and chlorthalidone. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For oral dosage form (tablets):
- For high blood pressure:
- Adults—One tablet once a day. Your doctor may increase your dose as needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 40 milligrams (mg) of azilsartan and 25 mg of chlorthalidone.
- Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For high blood pressure:
If you miss a dose of azilsartan and chlorthalidone, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Protect the medicine from light and moisture. Keep your medicine in the original container until you are ready to use it.
Precautions While Using azilsartan and chlorthalidone
It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure azilsartan and chlorthalidone is working properly. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.
Using azilsartan and chlorthalidone while you are pregnant can harm your unborn baby. Use an effective form of birth control to keep from getting pregnant. If you think you have become pregnant while using the medicine, tell your doctor right away.
Dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting may occur, especially when you get up from a lying or sitting position or after the first dose of azilsartan and chlorthalidone. Make sure you know how you react to azilsartan and chlorthalidone before you drive, use machines, or do anything else that could be dangerous if you are dizzy or not alert. If you feel dizzy, lie down so you do not faint. Then sit for a few moments before standing to prevent the dizziness from returning. If you faint, call your doctor right away.
Check with your doctor right away if you become sick while taking azilsartan and chlorthalidone, especially with severe or continuing nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. These conditions may cause you to lose too much water and which may lead to low blood pressure. You can also lose water by sweating, so drink plenty of water during exercise or in hot weather.
Hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood) may occur after using azilsartan and chlorthalidone. Check with your doctor right away if you have any of the following symptoms: dry mouth, increased thirst, muscle cramps, nausea, or vomiting.
Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This especially includes nonprescription medicines for appetite control, asthma, colds, cough, hay fever, or sinus problems, since they may tend to increase your blood pressure.
azilsartan and chlorthalidone Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:Less common
- Blurred vision
- decreased urine
- dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
- dry mouth
- increased thirst
- irregular heartbeat
- loss of appetite
- muscle pain or cramps
- nausea or vomiting
- numbness or tingling in the hands, feet, or lips
- shortness of breath
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- Ankle, knee, or great toe joint pain
- joint stiffness or swelling
- lower back, side, or stomach pain
- swelling of the feet or lower legs
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:More common
- lack or loss of strength
- muscle spasm
- loss of appetite
- stomach cramps
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
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