ardeparin (Subcutaneous route)
Available Dosage Forms:
Therapeutic Class: Anticoagulant
Pharmacologic Class: Low Molecular Weight Heparin
Uses For ardeparin
Ardeparin is used to prevent deep venous thrombosis, a condition in which harmful blood clots form in the blood vessels of the legs. These blood clots can travel to the lungs and can become lodged in the blood vessels of the lungs, causing a condition called pulmonary embolism. Ardeparin is used for several days after knee replacement surgery, while you are unable to walk. It is during this time that blood clots are most likely to form. Ardeparin also may be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.
Ardeparin is available only with your doctor's prescription.
Before Using ardeparin
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For ardeparin, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to ardeparin or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Studies on ardeparin have been done only in adult patients, and there is no specific information comparing use of ardeparin in children with use in other age groups.
ardeparin has been tested and has not been shown to cause different side effects or problems in older people than it does in younger adults.
|All Trimesters||C||Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women OR no animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate studies in pregnant women.|
There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.
Interactions with Medicines
Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking ardeparin, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using ardeparin with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.
- Alipogene Tiparvovec
- Alteplase, Recombinant
- Amtolmetin Guacil
- Antithrombin, Recombinant
- Choline Salicylate
- Flufenamic Acid
- Ibuprofen Lysine
- Mefenamic Acid
- Niflumic Acid
- Reteplase, Recombinant
- Salicylic Acid
- Sodium Salicylate
- Tiaprofenic Acid
- Tolfenamic Acid
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Other Medical Problems
The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of ardeparin. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:
- Bleeding problems or
- Eye problems caused by diabetes or high blood pressure or
- Heart infection or
- High blood pressure (hypertension) or
- Kidney disease or
- Liver disease or
- Stomach or intestinal ulcer (active) or
- Stroke—The risk of bleeding may be increased
Also, tell your doctor if you have received ardeparin or heparin before and had a reaction to either of them called thrombocytopenia (a low platelet count in the blood), or if new blood clots formed while you were receiving the medicine.
In addition, tell your doctor if you have recently had medical surgery. This may increase the risk of serious bleeding when you are taking ardeparin.
Proper Use of ardeparin
If you are using ardeparin at home, your health care professional will teach you how to inject yourself with the medicine. Be sure to follow the directions carefully. Check with your health care professional if you have any problems using the medicine.
Put used syringes in a puncture-resistant, disposable container, or dispose of them as directed by your health care professional.
The dose of ardeparin will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of ardeparin. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.
The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.
- For injection dosage form:
- For prevention of deep venous thrombosis (leg clots) and pulmonary embolism (lung clots):
- Adults—The dose is given every twelve hours for up to fourteen days after surgery.
- Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
- For prevention of deep venous thrombosis (leg clots) and pulmonary embolism (lung clots):
If you miss a dose of ardeparin, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
Precautions While Using ardeparin
Tell all your medical doctors and dentists that you are using ardeparin.
Check with your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following side effects:
- Bruising or bleeding, especially bleeding that is hard to stop. Bleeding inside the body sometimes appears as bloody or black, tarry stools, or faintness.
- Back pain; burning, pricking, tickling, or tingling sensation; leg weakness; numbness; paralysis; or problems with bowel or bladder function.
ardeparin Side Effects
Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.
Stop taking ardeparin and get emergency help immediately if any of the following effects occur:Less common
- Bleeding gums
- coughing up blood
- deep, dark purple bruise, pain, or swelling at the place of injection
- difficulty with breathing or swallowing
- increased menstrual flow or vaginal bleeding
- prolonged bleeding from cuts
- red or black, tarry stools
- red or dark brown urine
- shortness of breath
- unexplained pain, swelling, or discomfort, especially in the chest, abdomen, joints, or muscles
- unusual bruising
- vomiting of blood or coffee ground material
- Back pain
- burning, pricking, tickling, or tingling sensation
- leg weakness
- problems with bowel or bladder function
- rash consisting of pinpoint, purple-red spots, often beginning on the legs
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:Less common
- Skin rash, hives, or itching
Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:Less common
- pain at the injection site
Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
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