New Study Finds Fewer than Half of Female Teens Have Been Vaccinated for HPV, Thousands of Women Develop Cancer Needlessly: Reaction Statement from TFAH

 

 

WASHINGTON , Aug. 25, 2011 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Today, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a new study, National, State, and Local Area Vaccination Coverage among Adolescents Aged 13-17 Years, in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), which finds fewer than half of female teens have been vaccinated against Human papillomavirus (HPV) and, even when female teens begin the vaccination, only two in three complete the series. According to the report, there are also significant racial/ethnic and poverty disparities for HPV vaccination completion rates and in cervical cancer rates, so the disparities in the vaccination rates will continue to compound the disease disparity rates. The following is a statement from Jeff Levi, Ph.D., executive director of the Trust for America's Health on the new data:

(Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20100204/TFAHLOGO)

"These rates are nothing short of tragic. We could be sparing an entire generation from HPV, which can lead to a range of STDs, cervical cancer and other cancers. While given in teenage years, this vaccine, which is now available free of cost for most teens as part of the prevention benefits in the Affordable Care Act, protects people for their entire lives.

"We need public health officials to begin a major education campaign that overcomes parental misunderstandings about vaccines and the willingness of some policymakers to put the future health of today's youth at unnecessary risk because of squeamishness about sexually transmitted infections. Approximately 20 million Americans – about five percent of the U.S. population – are currently infected with HPV, and another six million are infected each year.

"Annually, around 12,000 women develop cervical cancer, 3,700 develop vulvar cancer, 1,000 develop vaginal cancer and 2,700 develop anal cancer. According to the National Institutes for Health (NIH), the estimated lifetime total medical cost of HPV infection for men and women aged 15–24 is $2.9 billion, which makes HPV the second most expensive STI after HIV. In addition, the direct medical care costs associated with cervical cancer were estimated to equal $1.7 billion in 1996 dollars, according to the CDC.

"We can spare the next generation this fate and unburden them of significant health care costs, if we pull our heads out of the sand."


 

 

State

HPV Vaccination

Rates of

13-17 Year Old

Female Adolescents*

Cervical Cancer

Rates per

100,000 Population**

Cervical Cancer

Deaths per

100,000 Population***

 

Alabama

45.8%

8.5 – 11.2

2.9 - 4.2

 

Alaska

40.8%

4.5 - 6.2

Rate Suppressed

 

Arizona

52.8%

6.3 - 7.5

1.0 - 2.0

 

Arkansas

37.9%

8.5 – 11.2

2.9 - 4.2

 

California

56.1%

7.6 - 8.4

2.1 - 2.4

 

Colorado

52.5%

6.3 - 7.5

1.0 - 2.0

 

Connecticut

57.9%

6.3 - 7.5

1.0 - 2.0

 

Delaware

63.9%

8.5 – 11.2

Rate Suppressed

 

District of Columbia

57.5%

8.5 – 11.2

Rate Suppressed

 

Florida

41.1%

8.5 – 11.2

2.5 - 2.8

 

Georgia

43.5%

7.6 - 8.4

2.9 - 4.2

 

Hawaii

62.7%

6.3 - 7.5

1.0 - 2.0

 

Idaho

38.8%

4.5 - 6.2

2.5 - 2.8

 

Illinois

39.7%

7.6 - 8.4

2.5 - 2.8

 

Indiana

37%

6.3 - 7.5

2.5 - 2.8

 

Iowa

48.2%

4.5 - 6.2

2.1-2.4

 

Kansas

40.2%

6.3 - 7.5

1.0 - 2.0

 

Kentucky

40.1%

8.5 – 11.2

2.9 - 4.2

 

Louisiana

54.2%

8.5 – 11.2

2.9 - 4.2

 

Maine

54.6%

6.3 - 7.5

2.1 - 2.4

 

Maryland

41.6%

6.3 - 7.5

2.1 - 2.4

 

Massachusetts

65.9%

4.5 - 6.2

1.0 - 2.0

 

Michigan

49.4%

7.6 - 8.4

1.0 - 2.0

 

Minnesota

51.3%

4.5 - 6.2

1.0 - 2.0

 

Mississippi

34%

8.5 – 11.2

2.9 - 4.2

 

Missouri

41.4%

7.6 - 8.4

2.5 - 2.8

 

Montana

45.5%

4.5 - 6.2

Rate Suppressed

 

Nebraska

52.3%

7.6 - 8.4

Rate Suppressed

 

Nevada

47.4%

N/A

1.0 - 2.0

 

New Hampshire

49.6%

4.5 - 6.2

2.1 - 2.4

 

New Jersey

35.4%

8.5 – 11.2

2.1 - 2.4

 

New Mexico

48.4%

6.3 - 7.5

2.1 - 2.4

 

New York

56.2%

7.6 - 8.4

2.5 - 2.8

 

North Carolina

51.9%

6.3 - 7.5

2.1 - 2.4

 

North Dakota

41.7%

Rate Suppressed

Rate Suppressed

 

Ohio

44%

6.3 - 7.5

2.5 - 2.8

 

Oklahoma

47.4%

8.5 – 11.2

2.5 - 2.8

 

Oregon

54.1%

7.6 - 8.4

1.0 - 2.0

 

Pennsylvania

52.3%

7.6 - 8.4

2.1 - 2.4

 

Rhode Island

73%

6.3 - 7.5

Rate Suppressed

 

South Carolina

41.5%

7.6 - 8.4

2.9 - 4.2

 

South Dakota

68.8%

4.5 - 6.2

Rate Suppressed

 

Tennessee

33.1%

7.6 - 8.4

2.5 - 2.8

 

Texas

47.5%

8.5 – 11.2

2.9 - 4.2

 

Utah

39.2%

4.5 - 6.2

Rate Suppressed

 

Vermont

49.6%

Rate Suppressed

Rate Suppressed

 

Virginia

54%

4.5 - 6.2

2.5 - 2.8

 

Washington

69.3%

4.5 - 6.2

2.1 - 2.4

 

West Virginia

42.4%

8.5 – 11.2

2.9 - 4.2

 

Wisconsin

54.4%

4.5 - 6.2

1.0 - 2.0

 

Wyoming

53.2%

4.5 - 6.2

Rate Suppressed

 


 

 
         


 

* Greater than or equal to 1 dose of human papillomavirus vaccine, either quadrivalent or bivalent. Percentage reported among females only (n = 9,220). National, State, and Local Area Vaccination Coverage among Adolescents Aged 13-17 Years, in Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR): http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6033a1.htm?s_cid=mm6033a1_w

** Rates are per 100,000 and are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population. Rates are suppressed if fewer than 16 cases were reported in a state. Source: U.S. Cancer Statistics Working Group. United States Cancer Statistics: 1999–2007 Incidence and Mortality Web-based Report. Atlanta (GA): Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and National Cancer Institute; 2010. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/uscs.

*** Rates are per 100,000 and are age-adjusted to the 2000 U.S. standard population. Rates are suppressed if fewer than 16 cases were reported in a state. Source: U.S. Cancer Statistics Working Group. United States Cancer Statistics: 1999–2007 Incidence and Mortality Web-based Report. Atlanta (GA): Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and National Cancer Institute; 2010. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/uscs.

 

www.healthyamericans.org.

SOURCE Trust for America's Health

 

Trust for America's Health is a non-profit, non-partisan organization dedicated to saving lives by protecting the health of every community and working to make disease prevention a national priority.

Posted: August 2011

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