Generic Name: ciprofloxacin and dexamethasone otic (sih pro FLOCK sah sin and dex ah MEH thah sone)
Brand Names: Ciprodex
What is Ciprodex?
Ciprodex ear drops contain ciprofloxacin and dexamethasone.
Ciprofloxacin is a fluoroquinolone antibiotic. Ciprofloxacin fights bacteria in the body.
Dexamethasone is a steroid. It is used to reduce inflammation caused by an infection.
Ciprodex is used to treat ear infections. It works by killing bacteria by stopping the production of essential proteins needed by the bacteria to survive.
Ciprodex may also be used for purposes other than those listed.
Important informationDo not use this medication in the eyes or take it by mouth. Ciprodex is intended for use in the ears only. Do not touch the dropper opening to any surface, including the ears or hands. The dropper opening is sterile. If it becomes contaminated, it could cause another infection in the ear.
Notify your doctor if the condition does not improve or appears to worsen.
Before using CiprodexDo not use Ciprodex without first talking to your doctor if you have had a previous allergic reaction to it or to another similar oral or topical medication such as:
a fluoroquinolone antibiotic such as ciprofloxacin (Cipro), gatifloxacin (Tequin), levofloxacin (Levaquin), lomefloxacin (Maxaquin), moxifloxacin (Avelox), norfloxacin (Noroxin), ofloxacin (Floxin), sparfloxacin (Zagam), or trovafloxacin (Trovan);
an oral or injectable steroid such as cortisone (Cortef, Cortone), dexamethasone (Decadron), dexamethasone (Hydrocortone), methylprednisolone (Medrol), prednisolone (Prelone, Pediapred), prednisone (Orasone, Deltasone), and others; or
a topical steroid such as betamethasone (Diprosone, Diprolene), clobetasol (Temovate, Olux), fluocinolone (Synalar, Synemol, Fluonid), fluocinonide (Lidex), fluticasone (Cutivate), halobetasol (Ultravate), mometasone (Elocon), triamcinolone (Aristocort), and others.
You may not be able to use Ciprodex, or you may require a dosage adjustment or special monitoring during treatment.Ciprodex is in the FDA pregnancy category C. This means that it is not known whether it will be harmful to an unborn baby. Do not use Ciprodex without first talking to your doctor if you are pregnant or could become pregnant during treatment. It is not known whether Ciprodex passes into breast milk. Do not use Ciprodex without first talking to your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.
How should I use Ciprodex?Use Ciprodex exactly as directed by your doctor. If you do not understand these instructions, ask your pharmacist, nurse, or doctor to explain them to you. Do not use this medication in the eyes or take it by mouth. Ciprodex is intended for use in the ears only.
In general, Ciprodex should be used as follows:
Warm the drops slightly by holding them in the hands for 1 or 2 minutes. Administration of cold drops into the ear may cause dizziness.
Have another person administer the drops whenever possible. Have the affected person lie on their side or tilt the ear up to make administering a drop easier.
- Gently shake the drops just before administration.
For adults, gently hold the earlobe up and back. For children, gently hold the earlobe down and back. This will allow the drops to run into the ear canal. Carefully instill the prescribed number of drops in the first ear.
Keep the ear tilted for at least 60 seconds to allow the medication to penetrate the ear.
If the patient being treated has ear tubes, the doctor may recommend gently pressing the tragus (part of the ear in front of the opening of the ear canal) five times in a pumping motion after administration of the drops. This may allow the drops to pass through the tubes into the middle ear. Follow the doctor's instructions.
Repeat the process in the other ear if prescribed.
Ciprodex ear drops are usually used twice a day, about 12 hours apart. Follow your doctor's instructions.
Use all of the medication that has been prescribed. Symptoms may begin to improve before the condition is completely treated. If you do not use all of the medication prescribed, the condition could return or worsen.
It is important to use Ciprodex regularly to get the most benefit.
Notify your doctor if the condition does not improve or appears to worsen.Avoid getting water inside of the affected ear(s) during treatment with Ciprodex. Care should be used while bathing and swimming may not be recommended. Talk to your healthcare provider.
Store Ciprodex at room temperature, away from moisture, heat, and direct light. Keep the bottle properly capped.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Use the missed dose as soon as you remember. However, if it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and use only the next regularly scheduled dose. Do not use a double dose of Ciprodex unless otherwise directed by your doctor.
What happens if I overdose?Seek emergency medical attention if an overdose is suspected or if the medication has been ingested.
Symptoms of a Ciprodex overdose are not known.
What should I avoid?Ear infections may sometimes cause dizziness or a loss of balance. Use caution when driving, operating machinery, or performing other hazardous activities if you experience dizziness or a loss of balance. Avoid getting water inside of the affected ear(s) during treatment with Ciprodex. Care should be used while bathing and swimming may not be recommended. Talk to your healthcare provider.
Ciprodex side effectsStop using Ciprodex and seek emergency medical attention or notify your doctor if you experience:
an allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; swelling of the lips, tongue, or face; or hives);
skin rash; or
ear drainage, discharge, or worsening pain.
Other less serious side effects may also occur such as ear discomfort or itching or an unusual taste in the mouth. Continue to use the medication and talk to your doctor if these side effects seem excessive or unusual.
Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.
See also: Side effects (in more detail)
What other drugs will affect my Ciprodex?Do not use other ear drops during treatment with Ciprodex without first talking to your doctor.
Drugs other than those listed here may also interact with Ciprodex. Talk to your doctor and pharmacist before taking any prescription or over-the-counter medicines, including vitamins, minerals, and herbal products.
Where can I get more information?
- Your pharmacist has more information about Ciprodex written for health professionals that you may read.
What does my medication look like?
Ciprofloxacin and dexamethasone otic is available with a prescription under the brand name Ciprodex. Other brand or generic formulations may also be available. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about this medication, especially if it is new to you.
- Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
- Disclaimer: Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.