Viral Meningitis

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

Viral Meningitis (Discharge Care) Care Guide

Viral meningitis is inflammation of the lining that surrounds and protects your brain and spinal cord. The inflammation is caused by a viral infection and can be life-threatening. Viral meningitis is also called aseptic meningitis. The most common symptoms include a high fever, stiff neck, and headache.

AFTER YOU LEAVE:

Medicines:

  • Fever medicine: This medicine lowers your temperature. Common medicines used to lower temperature include acetaminophen and ibuprofen.

  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your primary healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your infectious disease specialist or primary healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Rest:

You should rest as much as possible. A dark, quiet room is best if you have headaches.

Infection prevention:

  • Clean surfaces with soap and water. Disinfect with a solution that includes water and chlorine-containing bleach.

  • Completely heat chilled foods before you eat or serve them.

  • Discard tissue after you wipe or blow your nose.

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water.

  • Do not share food or drinks.

For more information:

  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    1600 Clifton Road
    Atlanta , GA 30333
    Phone: 1- 800 - 232-4636
    Web Address: http://www.cdc.gov/
  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
    NIAID Office of Communications & Government Relations
    6610 Rockledge Drive, MSC 6612
    Bethesda , MD 20892-6612
    Phone: 1- 301 - 496-5717
    Phone: 1- 866 - 284-4107
    Web Address: www3.niaid.nih.gov

Contact your infectious disease specialist or primary healthcare provider if:

  • You have a fever.

  • You think someone in your family has viral meningitis.

  • You have questions or concerns about your condition, medicine, or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You are hard to wake. Tell someone to call 911 if it becomes hard to wake you.

  • You have a headache and stiff neck.

  • You are confused.

  • You have a seizure.

  • You have a new red or purple rash.

© 2013 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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