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Vertigo

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

Vertigo is when you feel dizzy. You may think that you or your surroundings are spinning or tilting even though you are not moving.

CARE AGREEMENT:

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

RISKS:

Medicines for vertigo may cause side effects, such as dry mouth, blurred vision, tiredness, sleeping problems, and confusion. It may be hard for your caregiver to find the cause if you do not get treatment right away. Infections that cause vertigo can go to the brain and may be life-threatening. You may also lose your hearing completely. Severe vertigo may make it difficult to do your usual activities and may affect your quality of life.

WHILE YOU ARE HERE:

Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.

An IV

is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.

Medicines:

  • Vertigo medicine: Your caregiver may give you medicine to help stop your dizziness. This medicine may help you stay calm and relaxed. Sometimes the medicine can make you sleepy.

  • Antibiotics: This medicine is given to help treat or prevent an infection caused by bacteria.

  • Antinausea medicine: This medicine may be given to calm your stomach and prevent vomiting.

  • Diuretics: This medicine is given to decrease edema (excess fluid) that collects in a part of your body, such as your legs. Diuretics can also remove excess fluid from around your heart or lungs and decrease your blood pressure. It is often called water pills. You may urinate more often when you take this medicine.

  • Steroids: This medicine may be given to decrease inflammation.

Tests:

  • Blood tests: You may need blood taken to give caregivers information about how your body is working. The blood may be taken from your hand, arm, or IV.

  • Lumbar puncture: This procedure may also be called a spinal tap. During a lumbar puncture, you will need to lie very still. Caregivers may give you medicine to make you lose feeling in a small area of your back. Caregivers will clean this area of your back. A needle will be put in, and fluid removed from around your spinal cord. The fluid will be sent to a lab for tests. The tests check for infection, bleeding around your brain and spinal cord, or other problems. Sometimes medicine may be put into your back to treat your illness.

Treatments:

  • Repositioning procedures: These procedures involve moving your head in certain directions. This helps move the small particles which are out of place and causing irritation back into the inner ear.

  • Surgery: Surgery may be done to rebuild or remove a diseased part of the ear. Pus in the inner ear caused by an infection may be drained. With recurrent infections, a tube may be placed in the eardrum to prevent another infection. Surgery may also be done to repair holes, correct fistulas, or cut the nerve of the ear. Vertigo that is caused by bleeding in the brain may be treated by removing blood clots and releasing pressure.

© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Vertigo (Inpatient Care)

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