Testicular Self-examination

What is a testicular self-examination?

A testicular self-examination (TSE) is a way to check your testicles for lumps and other changes. Regular TSEs can help you learn how your testicles normally look and feel. Ask your caregiver to teach you how to do a TSE if you are not sure how to do it correctly. You should also have your caregiver check your testicles during a physical exam.

Why should I do a TSE?

The main sign of testicular cancer is a lump in the testicle. Regular TSEs can help you find lumps or changes that you should tell your caregiver about. Testicular cancer is often curable if it is found early.

When should I do a TSE?

You may start checking your testicles regularly after you have gone through puberty. An easy way to remember to do a TSE is to do the exam on the same day of each month. Talk to your caregiver about TSEs and when and how often to do them.

How should I do a TSE?

The best time to do a TSE is after a warm shower or bath. This is when your scrotum is most relaxed.

  • Stand in front of the mirror and look at your scrotum. Look for changes in its shape, size, and color. It may be normal for one side of your scrotum to appear larger or hang lower than the other.

  • Use both hands to examine each testicle. Put the thumbs of both hands in front of your testicle. Place the pointer fingers of both hands behind the testicle. Gently roll each testicle between your thumbs and fingers. Feel for lumps or changes in the testicle and scrotum.

When should I contact my caregiver?

Contact your caregiver if:

  • You have aching or discomfort in your lower abdomen or groin.

  • You find any lumps or changes in your testicles.

Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment. The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

© 2013 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

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