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WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:
Tenosynovitis is inflammation of a tendon and its synovium. Tendons are cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones. The synovium is the lining of the sheath around the tendon. The tendons may become thickened and not slide smoothly through the swollen lining. The cause of tenosynovitis is not known.
- Pain medicines may be given. Ask how to take this medicine safely.
- NSAIDs , such as ibuprofen, help decrease swelling, pain, and fever. This medicine is available with or without a doctor's order. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems in certain people. If you take blood thinner medicine, always ask your healthcare provider if NSAIDs are safe for you. Always read the medicine label and follow directions.
- Antibiotics help treat a bacterial infection.
- Antifungals help treat a fungal infection.
- Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
- Rest your inflamed area as directed.
- Apply ice on your inflamed area for 15 to 20 minutes every hour or as directed. Use an ice pack, or put crushed ice in a plastic bag. Cover it with a towel. Ice helps prevent tissue damage and decreases swelling and pain.
- Elevate your inflamed area above the level of your heart as often as you can. This will help decrease swelling and pain. Prop your inflamed area on pillows or blankets to keep it elevated comfortably.
- Use your assistive device as directed. You may need a brace, splint, walking boot, or cast. You may also need to use crutches or orthotics. These devices prevent movement, decrease pain, and help your tendon heal.
- Go to physical or occupational therapy. A physical therapist teaches you exercises to help improve movement and strength and decrease pain. An occupational therapist teaches you skills to help with your daily activities.
Contact your healthcare provider if:
- You have a fever.
- A joint near your inflamed area is red and swollen.
- Your symptoms do not go away or they get worse, even after treatment.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Return to the emergency department if:
- You have sudden trouble breathing or chest pain.
- Your arm, leg, fingers, or toes are numb, tingle, or are pale.
- You hear or feel a pop.
- You have severe pain.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.