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WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:
A sunburn is when your skin is damaged by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. UV radiation comes from sunlight and devices such as tanning beds.
- Acetaminophen: This medicine is used to decrease pain. Too much acetaminophen can hurt your liver. Read labels so that you know the active ingredients in each medicine that you take. Talk to your primary healthcare provider before you take more than one medicine that contains acetaminophen. Ask before you take over-the-counter medicine if you are also taking pain medicine ordered for you.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine: This group of medicine is also called NSAIDs. NSAIDs decrease pain. This medicine may be given as a pill, or as a lotion to rub on the sunburned area. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems if they are not taken correctly.
- Steroids: Steroids are sometimes used to decrease redness, pain, and swelling. This medicine may be given as a pill, or used as a lotion to rub on sunburned areas. Use these medicines as directed. Overuse can cause red spots, thin skin, or acne.
- Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
Manage your symptoms:
- Use a cool compress: A cool compress or wet towel can help soothe your skin.
- Take short baths or showers: Bathe or shower in lukewarm water. Add oatmeal, baking soda, or cornstarch to the bath water to help reduce skin irritation.
- Use lotions or gels to keep your skin moist: These include products such as aloe vera, petroleum jelly, or ointments. These may help cool your skin and decrease pain and redness. Ask which products would be best for you to use.
- Wear sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher: Put sunscreen on 15 to 30 minutes before you go outside, and again every 2 hours. You will need to put sunscreen on again after you swim, sweat, or dry yourself with a towel.
- Wear clothing that will block UV rays: This includes dark, loose clothing made of a tight weave fabric. Pants, long-sleeved shirts, wide-brimmed hats, and sunglasses also help block UV rays.
- Stay indoors between 10 AM and 3 PM: This will help you avoid the highest concentrations of UV rays.
- Limit exposure: Do not stay outdoors for long periods. Do not use tanning beds.
- Drink liquids as directed: This will help prevent dehydration. Ask which liquids you should drink, and how much.
Follow up with your healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
Contact your primary healthcare provider if:
- You have a fever.
- Your skin is red and itchy from the sunscreen.
- You have a new mole, or one that has changed color, shape, or size
- Your skin and mouth are dry, and you feel very thirsty.
- You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.
Return to the emergency department if:
- Your skin has many blisters, which break or bleed.
- You feel dizzy, weak, or faint.
- You have new headaches that do not go away with medicine.
- You have problems thinking or remembering things.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.