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Spontaneous Miscarriage


A spontaneous miscarriage is the loss of a fetus (unborn baby) within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.


A miscarriage may cause heavy bleeding. If all the tissue has not been removed from the uterus, you may get an infection.


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.


  • Antibiotics help fight or prevent an infection caused by bacteria.

  • Pain medicine may be given. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you ask for more medicine.

  • Rh Immune globulin may be needed if your blood type is Rh negative. This helps prevent problems with future pregnancies. It is given as an injection.


  • Blood tests are used to check to see if you are still pregnant.

  • A pelvic ultrasound may be done to check for your baby's heartbeat or to see if there is tissue left in your uterus (womb).


  • A blood transfusion may be used to give you whole blood or parts of blood through an IV. Blood is tested for diseases, such as hepatitis and HIV, to be sure it is safe.

  • Dilatation and curettage (D&C) is done to remove the tissue left in your uterus. The D&C may also be needed to control bleeding or to keep you from getting an infection.

  • Surgery may be needed if healthcare providers cannot control the bleeding.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.