Peptic Ulcer

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

A peptic ulcer is an open sore in the lining of your stomach, intestine, or esophagus. Peptic ulcers have different names, depending on their location. Gastric ulcers are peptic ulcers in the stomach. Duodenal ulcers are peptic ulcers in the intestine. A peptic ulcer in the esophagus is called an esophageal ulcer. Peptic ulcers may be a short-term or long-term problem.

AFTER YOU LEAVE:

Medicines:

  • Medicines that decrease the amount of acid made by your stomach may be given. You may also need medicines that protect your stomach lining from acid and antibiotics to treat H. pylori infection.

  • Take your medicine as directed. Contact your primary healthcare provider (PHP) if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your PHP as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Nutrition:

  • Avoid carbonated drinks, alcohol, and caffeine. Caffeine is found in some coffees, teas, and sodas. It is also found in chocolate.

  • Do not eat foods that upset your stomach. These include spicy or acidic foods, such as oranges.

  • Eat small meals more often rather than big meals less often. An empty stomach may make your symptoms worse.

Quit smoking:

If you smoke, it is never too late to quit. Smoking increases your risk of developing ulcers. Ask your PHP for information if you need help quitting.

Contact your PHP if:

  • You have a fever.

  • You have diarrhea or constipation.

  • Your stomach pain does not go away or gets worse after you take medicine.

  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You have a fast heartbeat, fast breathing, or are too dizzy or weak to stand up.

  • You have severe pain in your stomach.

  • Your vomit looks like coffee grounds or has blood in it.

  • Your bowel movements are bloody or black.

  • You have sudden shortness of breath.

© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Peptic Ulcer (Discharge Care)

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