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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease


Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition where your reproductive organs become inflamed. Your reproductive organs include your ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix (lower area of your uterus), and vagina. PID may cause chronic (long-term) abdominal pain and problems with future pregnancies.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.


  • You may have an allergic response to the medicine used to treat your PID. Surgery used to diagnose or treat your PID may cause an infection. There is a risk your treatment will not work. Even with treatment, your symptoms may get worse, and you may need to start a different treatment.

  • If you do not treat your PID, your condition may get worse. The infection may spread to your liver or other organs. When this happens, the pain in your lower abdomen may worsen or become chronic (long-term). You may also get a blood infection that causes severe illness. PID may damage your reproductive organs and make it hard for you to get pregnant. PID may increase your risk for an ectopic (outside the uterus) pregnancy or premature delivery of your baby.


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.


is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.


You may be given the following medicines:

  • Antibiotics: This medicine helps fight infection caused by bacteria. Your caregiver may have you start this medicine before your test results are back to help prevent worsening of your symptoms.

  • Pain medicine: Caregivers may give you medicine to take away or decrease your pain.

    • Do not wait until the pain is severe to ask for your medicine. Tell caregivers if your pain does not decrease. The medicine may not work as well at controlling your pain if you wait too long to take it.

    • Pain medicine can make you dizzy or sleepy. Prevent falls by calling a caregiver when you want to get out of bed or if you need help.


  • Blood and urine tests: You may need blood and urine tests to check if your treatment is fighting your infection.

  • Culture or smear test: Discharge coming from your vagina or cervix may be taken as a sample for testing. This helps your caregiver find out what germ is causing your PID.

  • Imaging tests: Imaging tests may be needed if your symptoms do not get better. Any of the following may be done to check for other causes of your symptoms:

    • Transvaginal ultrasound: This test uses sound waves to show pictures of your organs and tissues on a monitor. During a transvaginal ultrasound, a small tube is placed into your vagina to look inside your uterus and ovaries.

    • Computed tomography scan: This is also called a CT scan. An x-ray machine uses a computer to take pictures of your lower abdomen. The pictures may show if your reproductive organs and the tissues around them have signs of infection. The pictures may also show if you have any abnormal fluid collecting in your reproductive organs.

    • Magnetic resonance imaging: This is also called an MRI. During this test, pictures of your lower abdomen are taken. These pictures help your caregiver look for pus or fluid in your reproductive organs.

Treatment option:

You may need surgery to treat other problems related to your PID. If you have an abscess on your tube or ovary, you may need surgery to drain it. Surgery may also be needed to remove scar tissue from your reproductive organs. Ask your caregiver for more information about surgeries or other procedures you may need.

© 2015 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (Inpatient Care)