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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease


Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition that causes your reproductive organs to become inflamed. Your reproductive organs include your ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix (lower area of your uterus), and vagina. PID may cause chronic (long-term) abdominal pain and problems with future pregnancies. You may have no symptoms of PID.


You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.


PID may cause chronic abdominal pain and problems with future pregnancies. PID may increase your risk for an ectopic (tubal) pregnancy or premature delivery of your baby. PID may damage your reproductive organs. Treatment may not work. Even with treatment, your symptoms may get worse, and you may need to start a different treatment.


Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.


is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.


  • Antibiotics help fight infection caused by bacteria. Your healthcare provider may have you start this medicine before your test results are back to help prevent worsening of your symptoms. You will get this medicine through your IV.

  • Pain medicine may be given. Do not wait until the pain is severe to ask for more medicine.


  • Blood and urine tests are used to check if your treatment is fighting your infection.

  • A culture or smear test is used to test discharge coming from your vagina or cervix.

  • A transvaginal ultrasound uses sound waves to show pictures of your organs and tissues on a monitor. A small tube is placed into your vagina to look inside your uterus and ovaries.

  • CT or MRI pictures may show if your reproductive organs and the tissues around them have signs of infection. The pictures may also show if you have any abnormal fluid collecting in your reproductive organs. Do not enter the MRI room with anything metal. Metal can cause serious damage. Tell the healthcare provider if you have any metal in or on your body.


You may need surgery to treat other problems related to your PID. If you have an abscess on your tube or ovary, you may need surgery to drain it. Surgery may also be needed to remove scar tissue from your reproductive organs. Ask your healthcare provider for more information about surgeries or other procedures you may need.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.