WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:
An ovarian cyst is a sac that grows on an ovary. This sac usually contains fluid, but may sometimes have blood or tissue in it. Most ovarian cysts are harmless and go away without treatment in a few months. Some cysts can grow large, cause pain, or break open.
- NSAIDs: These medicines decrease swelling, pain, and fever. NSAIDs are available without a doctor's order. Ask your primary healthcare provider which medicine is right for you. Ask how much to take and when to take it. Take as directed. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding and kidney problems if not taken correctly.
- Oral contraceptives: Your primary healthcare provider may suggest that you take oral contraceptives (birth control pills). This medicine may help to control your periods, prevent cysts, or cause them to shrink.
- Take your medicine as directed. Call your primary healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.
Follow up with your primary healthcare provider as directed:
Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.
Apply heat to decrease pain and cramping:
Sit in a warm bath, or place a heating pad (turned on low) or a hot water bottle on your abdomen. Do this for 15 to 20 minutes every hour for as many days as directed.
Contact your primary healthcare provider if:
- Your periods are early, late, or more painful than usual.
- You have bleeding from your vagina that is not your period.
- You have abdominal pain all the time.
- Your abdomen is swollen.
- You have feelings of fullness, pressure, or discomfort in your abdomen.
- You have trouble urinating or emptying your bladder completely.
- You have pain during sex.
- You are losing weight without trying.
Return to the emergency department if:
- You have severe abdominal pain. The pain may be sharp and sudden.
- You have a fever.
- You are too weak or dizzy to stand up.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.