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(mrsa) Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus
WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:
MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is a strain of staph bacteria that can cause infection. Staph bacteria are normal on your skin and in your nose. They do not usually cause infection. The bacteria can cause an infection if they get inside your body through a break in your skin. Usually, antibiotics are used to kill bacteria. MRSA bacteria are resistant to the common antibiotics used to treat Staph infections. MRSA infections are most common as skin infections. You can also have MRSA bacteria in your blood, lungs, heart, and bone.
CARE AGREEMENT:You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.
MRSA infection can destroy deeper skin layers and tissues. The infection may spread to other parts of your body through your blood. MRSA may lead to infection of your lungs (pneumonia). You may develop a bone infection or an infection in your heart. These infections can become life-threatening.
WHILE YOU ARE HERE:
is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.
Contact precautions are safety measures used to help prevent the spread of MRSA to others. Healthcare providers and visitors may need to wear gloves and a gown in your room. Visitors should wash their hands before they enter and leave your room so they do not spread germs.
is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.
- Blood and urine tests may be done to see if MRSA bacteria are inside of your body.
- Wound or mucus cultures may be done to find the bacteria causing your infection. The results may show healthcare providers what medicines will treat your infection.
- A chest x-ray is a picture of your lungs and heart. The x-ray will show if your infection has spread to your lungs. It may also show abnormal changes to the area around your heart.
- IV antibiotics that are effective against your MRSA infection may be given. You may need to continue antibiotics after you are discharged from the hospital.
- Incision and drainage of boils, sores, or an abscess may be done to open and drain infected fluid and pus. The fluid causes bacteria to stay in your wound and keeps it from healing.
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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.