Minilaparotomy Tubal Ligation


Minilaparotomy Tubal Ligation (Discharge Care) Care Guide

  • A minilaparotomy tubal ligation is surgery to tie the fallopian tubes. It is also called a minilap, tying the tubes, or being sterilized. A fallopian tube is attached to each side of your uterus. Each month one of your ovaries releases an egg. The egg then travels through one of the tubes and into your uterus. The tubes are tied and cut, burned, or have clips put on them during this surgery.

  • Having a tubal ligation means you cannot have anymore children. You must be sure you do not want more children. You will still have monthly periods. It should not change the way you feel about having sex.


  • Keep a written list of what medicines you take and when and why you take them. Bring the list of your medicines or the pill bottles when you see your caregivers. Ask your caregiver for information about your medicines. Do not take any medicines, over-the-counter drugs, vitamins, herbs, or food supplements without first talking to caregivers. Your caregivers can find out if these medicines interact with other medicines you are taking.

  • Always take your medicine as directed by caregivers. Call your caregiver if you think your medicines are not helping or if you feel you are having side effects. Do not quit taking it until you discuss it with your caregiver. If you are taking antibiotics, take them until they are all gone even if you feel better.

  • If you are taking medicine that makes you drowsy, do not drive or use heavy equipment.


Ask for information about where and when to go for follow-up visits:

For continuing care, treatments, or home services, ask for more information.


You may feel dizzy, tired, have abdominal, or a gassy or bloated feeling. These signs should be gone in 1 to 3 days.

  • You may feel like resting more after surgery. Slowly start to do more each day. Rest when you feel it is needed.

  • Avoid lifting heavy objects. Ask your caregiver when you can start doing your usual activities again.


When you are allowed to bathe or shower, carefully wash the incision (cut) with soap and water. Afterwards put on a clean, new bandage. Or, change your bandage any time it gets wet or dirty. If you cannot reach the bandage, ask someone else to help you change it. You may have steri-strips (thin strips of tape) on your incision. Keep them clean and dry. As they start to peel off, let them fall off by themselves. Do not pull them off.


It may be hard for you to have a BM after surgery. Don't try to push the BM out if it's too hard. Walking is the best way to get your bowels moving. Eat foods high in fiber to make it easier to have a BM. Good examples are high fiber cereals, beans, vegetables, and whole grain breads. Prune juice may help make the BM softer. Caregivers may give you fiber medicine or a stool softener to help make your BMs softer and more regular. You can buy these medicines at a grocery or drug store.


Ice causes blood vessels to constrict (get small) which helps lessen inflammation (swelling, pain, and redness). Ice is best started after surgery and for the next 24 to 48 hours afterwards. Put crushed ice in a plastic bag and cover it with a towel. Place this on your abdomen (belly) for 15 to 20 minutes every hour as long as you need it. Do not sleep on the ice pack because you can get frostbite.


After the first 24 to 48 hours, use heat 15 to 20 minutes every hour as long as you need it to lessen pain or swelling. Heat brings blood to the surgery area and helps it heal faster. Use warm compresses, a heating pad, or a hot water bottle.

  • A warm moist compress is a small towel dampened with hot water and placed in a plastic bag. Wrap a towel around the plastic bag to prevent burns.

  • Be careful if you use a heating pad by keeping it turned on low.

  • And, make sure you wrap the hot water bottle in a towel. Do not sleep on the heating pad or hot water bottle because it can cause a bad burn.

Monthly Periods:

Your period will not stop after having a minilaparotomy tubal ligation.

Wellness Hints:

  • Eat healthy foods from all of the 5 food groups: fruits, vegetables, breads, dairy products, meat and fish. Eating healthy foods may help you feel better and have more energy. It may also help you heal faster.

  • Drink 6 to 8 (soda pop can size) glasses of liquid each day. Or, follow your caregiver's advice if you must limit the amount of liquid you drink. Good liquids to drink are water, juices, and milk. Limit the amount of caffeine you drink, such as coffee, tea, and soda.

  • Talk to your caregiver before you start exercising. Together you can plan the best exercise program for you. It is best to start slowly and do more as you get stronger. Exercising makes the heart stronger, lowers blood pressure, and keeps you healthy.

  • It is never too late to quit smoking if you smoke. Smoking harms the heart, lungs, and the blood. You are more likely to have a heart attack, lung disease, and cancer if you smoke. You will help yourself and those around you by not smoking. Ask your caregiver for the CareNotes™ handout on how to stop smoking if you are having trouble quitting.

  • Stress may slow healing and cause illness later. Since it is hard to avoid stress, learn to control it. Learn new ways to relax (deep breathing, relaxing muscles, meditation, or biofeedback). Talk to your caregiver about things that upset you.


  • Your stitches or staples are swollen, red, or have pus coming from them. This may mean they are infected.

  • Your stitches or staples come apart.

  • Your bandage becomes soaked with blood.

  • You have a fever.

  • You have bad abdominal (belly) pain that is getting worse.

  • You have questions or concerns about your surgery or medicine.


  • You have trouble breathing all of a sudden. This could be a sign that you have a blood clot in your lungs. It could also mean that you are allergic to a medicine you are taking.

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The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.