Mandibular Dislocation

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

Mandibular Dislocation (Discharge Care) Care Guide

A mandibular dislocation is the separation of your mandible (lower jaw) from your temporomandibular joint (TMJ). When this happens, your lower jaw does not go back in place on its own.

AFTER YOU LEAVE:

Medicines:

  • NSAIDs: These medicines decrease swelling and pain. You can buy NSAIDs without a doctor's order. Ask your primary healthcare provider which medicine is right for you, and how much to take. Take as directed. NSAIDs can cause stomach bleeding or kidney problems if not taken correctly.

  • Muscle relaxer: These help to relax the muscles of your jaw.

  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your primary healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your primary healthcare provider as directed:

Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.

Self-care:

  • Support your jaw: For several days after your dislocation, try not to open your mouth widely, such as when you yawn. If you do, support your jaw. If your jaw has dislocated before, you may need a chin strap or bandage to help keep it from happening again.

  • Eat soft foods: You may need to eat only soft foods for some time after your jaw is put back in place. Soft foods include applesauce, baby food, bananas, cooked cereal, cottage cheese, eggs, gelatin, pudding, and yogurt.

  • Use ice: Ice helps decrease swelling and pain. Ice may also help prevent tissue damage. Use an ice pack, or put crushed ice in a plastic bag. Cover it with a towel and place it over your TMJ area for 15 to 20 minutes every hour or as directed.

  • Go to physical therapy: You may need physical therapy if you have had multiple jaw dislocations. A physical therapist will work with you to help make the muscles in your jaw stronger. This may help to stop your jawbone from dislocating again.

Contact your primary healthcare provider if:

  • Your symptoms do not get better, or get worse.

  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • Your jawbone moves out of place again.

© 2013 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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