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Lowfat Exchange Diet

What is it? A lowfat exchange list is a list of low fat and fat-free foods to use in place of high fat foods in your diet. A low fat diet may be needed if you need to watch your weight or lower your heart disease risk. Your risk of getting some cancers may be decreased by following a low fat diet, such as colon cancer.

Care: The foods you should and should not eat are listed below. You can lower the amount of fat in many recipes by replacing high fat ingredients with other lowfat foods. Use the lists below for ideas on how to decrease the fat in your diet. Baked goods may be slightly dry or chewy when you use low fat or fat-free items for baking.

MILK OR DAIRY:

  • Eat or use the following foods when baking, cooking, or eating


    • 1/4 cup (2 ounces) fat-free liquid egg substitute instead of an egg


    • 1 egg white and 1 teaspoon (tsp) canola oil instead of an egg


    • Applesauce or apple butter on breads instead of margarine


    • Blenderized lowfat cottage cheese or lowfat ricotta cheese instead of cream cheese


    • Blenderized tofu in dessert recipes instead of cream cheese


    • Butter-flavored cooking spray instead of butter or margarine


    • Butter-flavored sprinkle topping instead of butter or margarine


    • Evaporated skim milk instead of evaporated canned milk


    • Fat-free American cheese slices instead of American cheese slices


    • Fat-free or lowfat Parmesan cheese instead of Parmesan cheese


    • Fat-free or lowfat hard cheese, such as cheddar, Swiss, longhorn, or mozzarella


    • Fat-free plain yogurt instead of sour cream on baked potatoes


    • Fat-free, sugar-free vanilla yogurt instead of ice cream


    • Fat-free whipped topping from dry mix instead of whipped cream


    • Few drops toasted sesame oil instead of butter


    • Ice milk instead of ice cream


    • Lowfat or fat-free sour cream products instead of sour cream


    • Lowfat non-dairy creamer or 2% milk in coffee instead of cream or half and half


    • Lowfat or fat-free frozen yogurt instead of ice cream


    • Lowfat sherbet instead of ice cream


    • Lowfat or light margarine instead of margarine or shortening


    • Low-sugar fruit spread or applesauce on breads instead of butter


    • Skim milk, 1% milk, or 2% milk instead of whole milk


    • Skim milk with 1 tablespoon (Tbsp) of canola oil added to 8 ounces of skim milk instead of cream or half and half


    • Skim milk with 2 tablespoons (Tbsp) nonfat powdered milk added to 8 ounces skim milk instead of evaporated canned milk


    • Soft tub margarine instead of butter


    • Steam or use water for cooking vegetables instead of using butter


    • Sugar-free jelly or fruit spread on bagels, bread, or toast instead of cream cheese or margarine


  • Do not eat these foods:


    • American cheese slices


    • Butter


    • Cream cheese


    • Cream or half and half


    • Evaporated canned milk


    • Ice cream


    • Sour cream


    • Whole eggs


    • Whole milk


MEAT OR FISH:

  • Eat or use the following foods when baking, cooking, or eating


    • Bake without the skin or fat on chicken or pork and coat with breaded coating mix


    • Ground chicken breast


    • Ground turkey breast


    • Imitation (fake) bacon bits


    • Lean Canadian bacon


    • Lean ground beef with less than 10% fat


    • Lowfat deli meats, such as turkey, ham, or roast beef


    • Marinate meats with spices and fat-free salad dressing before baking the meat


    • Tuna canned in water instead of oil


  • Do not eat these foods:


    • Regular ground beef


    • Tuna canned in oil


FATS AND OILS:

  • Eat or use the following foods when baking, cooking, or eating


    • Air pop popcorn instead of cooking with oil


    • Bouillon instead of cooking oil


    • Canola, corn, olive, peanut, safflower, or sunflower oil instead of butter or shortening


    • Fat-free mayonnaise


    • Fat-free plain yogurt


    • Fat-free salad dressing


    • Lowfat buttermilk and fat-free yogurt in salad dressing


    • Lowfat or light margarine instead of margarine or shortening. Use soft tub margarine instead of the stick form.


    • Mustard on sandwiches


    • Non-stick cooking spray instead of cooking oil or shortening


    • Replace half of oil with undiluted apple juice when baking


  • Do not eat these foods:


    • Butter


    • Margarine


    • Mayonnaise or salad dressing


    • Shortening


OTHER ITEMS:

  • Eat or use the following foods when baking, cooking, or eating


    • 3 tablespoons (Tbsp) cocoa powder and 1 Tbsp canola oil instead of 1 ounce square baking chocolate


    • Air-popped popcorn with herb seasoning


    • Baked potato


    • Dill pickles


    • Fat-free pretzels


    • Garbanzo bean spread (hummus)


    • Grated carrots or apples in cakes and cookies instead of coconut


    • Grated zucchini in breads instead of coconut


    • Lowfat or baked corn chips


    • Lowfat peanut butter spread


    • Red and green bell peppers


    • Sweet peas


    • Tofu and vegetable sandwich spread


    • Water chestnuts


  • Do not eat these foods:


    • Coconut


    • Olives


    • Peanut butter


    • Snack chips


Care Agreement

You have the right to help plan your care. To help with this plan, you must learn about your diet or illness. You can then discuss your treatment options with your caregiver. You can work with him to decide what care will be used to treat you. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

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