Lithotripsy For Removal Of Kidney Stones

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

Lithotripsy is a procedure to remove kidney stones using sound waves to break them apart.

CARE AGREEMENT:

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

RISKS:

You may have blood in your urine for 1 to 2 days after lithotripsy. You may also have bruising and minor pain in your back or abdomen. You may need another lithotripsy if the stones are still not small enough to pass in your urine. You may also need other procedures to break up or remove your stones. Without treatment, kidney stones can cause a kidney infection. They can also block urine from moving out of your kidney and cause your kidneys to stop working. This can be life-threatening.

WHILE YOU ARE HERE:

Before your procedure:

  • Informed consent is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.

  • An IV is a small tube placed in your vein that is used to give you medicine or liquids.

  • A KUB x-ray takes pictures of your kidneys, ureters, and bladder. Your caregivers use these pictures to see where the kidney stone is located.

  • Anesthesia is medicine to make you comfortable during the surgery. Caregivers will work with you to decide which anesthesia is best for you.

During your procedure:

X-rays or an ultrasound are used to find the kidney stone. You may sit in a bath of warm water or lie on a cushion filled with water. High-energy sound waves are aimed at your kidney stone. The sound waves break the stone into tiny pieces. You will pass these pieces after a few days when you urinate. A stent may be put into your ureter. This is a tube that helps the pieces pass out of your body.

After your procedure:

You will be taken to a room to rest until you are fully awake. Caregivers will monitor you closely for any problems. Do not get out of bed until your caregiver says it is okay. When your caregiver sees that you are okay, you will be able to go home. If you are staying in the hospital, you will be taken to your hospital room.

© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

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