Leukocytosis

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

Leukocytosis is a condition that causes you to have too many white blood cells (WBC). WBCs are part of your immune system and help fight infections and diseases.

CARE AGREEMENT:

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

RISKS:

Treatment may cause bleeding, muscle cramps, or sepsis (a serious blood infection). Even with treatment, your leukocytosis may get worse. Without treatment, your leukocytosis may get severe and cause bleeding or damage to your lungs or kidneys.

WHILE YOU ARE HERE:

Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.

Medicines:

  • Antibiotics may be given to treat or prevent an infection caused by bacteria.

  • Uric acid medicine decreases the amount of uric acid in your body. Uric acid is a chemical found in your blood. It may also help prevent more damage to your cells.

  • Steroids decrease inflammation and may help decrease the number of WBCs in your blood.

  • Antacids help decrease the acid in your urine during treatment for leukocytosis.

  • IV fluids may help to give you extra fluid and give you electrolytes.

Tests:

  • Blood tests will show the number and shape of your WBCs. They will show if you have too much of one type of WBC. They may also help to find the cause of your leukocytosis.

  • A chest x-ray may be done to test your lung and heart function.

  • An echocardiogram is a type of ultrasound. Sound waves are used to show the structure, movement, and blood vessels of your heart.

  • Lung function tests may be done to show caregivers how well your lungs are working.

  • A bone marrow biopsy is a sample of bone marrow that is removed and sent to a lab for tests.

Treatment:

  • Leukapheresis is a procedure to decrease the number of WBCs. Blood is taken from your body through an IV. The WBCs are separated and removed. Your blood, without the WBCs, may be given back to you, or sent to a lab for tests.

  • A blood transfusion may be needed to give you blood or parts of blood.

© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Leukocytosis (Inpatient Care)

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