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Hydrocele

WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW:

A hydrocele is a collection of fluid inside the scrotum. The scrotum holds the testicles. Hydroceles are simple or communicating. A simple hydrocele stays the same size. A communicating hydrocele gets bigger and smaller as fluid flows into and out of the scrotum.

CARE AGREEMENT:

You have the right to help plan your care. Learn about your health condition and how it may be treated. Discuss treatment options with your caregivers to decide what care you want to receive. You always have the right to refuse treatment.

RISKS:

  • Your hydrocele may not go away on its own. It may get bigger and cause pain or a heavy feeling. You may also have a hernia if you have a communicating hydrocele. If a hernia is not treated, it may cause pain and damage to your organs.

  • You may get an infection after surgery. You may have fertility problems after surgery. Surgery to remove the hydrocele may cause another simple hydrocele to form. After surgery or aspiration, the hydrocele may return.

WHILE YOU ARE HERE:

Informed consent

is a legal document that explains the tests, treatments, or procedures that you may need. Informed consent means you understand what will be done and can make decisions about what you want. You give your permission when you sign the consent form. You can have someone sign this form for you if you are not able to sign it. You have the right to understand your medical care in words you know. Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done. Make sure all your questions are answered.

Pain medicine:

Caregivers may give you medicine to take away or decrease your pain.

  • Do not wait until the pain is severe to ask for your medicine. Tell caregivers if your pain does not decrease. The medicine may not work as well at controlling your pain if you wait too long to take it.

  • Pain medicine can make you dizzy or sleepy. Prevent falls by calling a caregiver when you want to get out of bed or if you need help.

Treatments:

A hydrocele will usually go away on its own. Your child's hydrocele will likely go away by the time he is 2 years old. The hydrocele will need to be removed if it does not go away, or it gets very large.

  • Support: You may need to wear a fabric support device similar to a jock strap to decrease swelling.

  • Hydrocelectomy: Hydrocelectomy is surgery to remove your hydrocele. Caregivers make an incision in your scrotum or groin. During surgery for a simple hydrocele, a small incision is made, and the fluid is removed. During surgery for a communicating hydrocele, caregivers use stitches to close the tube. The stitches stop the flow of fluid from the hydrocele to the abdomen. Ask your caregiver for more information about a hydrocelectomy.

  • Needle aspiration: Caregivers put a needle through your scrotum and into your hydrocele. The fluid is drained from your scrotum through the needle.

© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Hydrocele (Inpatient Care)

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