How To Hold And Breastfeed Your Baby

How do I hold my baby during breastfeeding?

Choose a position that is comfortable for you. With all positions, your baby should be able to tilt his head slightly backward. It should be tilted enough so he can open his mouth wide to latch (attach) onto your breast. Your baby's hip, torso, shoulder, and head should be in a straight line facing you. Use pillows, towels, or blankets to support you or your baby.

  • Cradle hold: Your baby's head rests in the bend of your arm, near your elbow. Your other arm and hand can be used to support your breast or your baby's body. Bring your baby up to the level of your breast. Your baby will lie on his side with his body facing yours.
    Cradle Hold


  • Cross-cradle hold: Support or cradle your baby with the arm that is on the opposite side of the breast you use to feed. For example, if you are going to breastfeed your baby with your right breast, support his body with your left arm. Use your left hand to support his head. Your right arm and hand can be used to support your breast. The cross-cradle hold is often used when a baby is born early, is very small, or has a weak neck or upper body. It may also be helpful to use this position for newborns.
    Cross Cradle Hold


  • Football or underarm hold: This position works best when you are in a sitting position. Your baby will lie on his back. Tuck his body under your arm on the same side as the breast you use to feed. Support your baby's body with your arm and support his head with your hand. Support your breast with your other hand.
    Football Hold


  • Lie on your side: Lie on your side. Place your baby on his side so that he is facing you. Support his back with either of your arms.
    Side-Lying Position


  • Lie on your back: Lie on your back. Place your baby so that he is lying down the middle of your body. He should be lying on his stomach with his head at your breast. This position is helpful if your milk flows faster than your baby can drink. This is because your baby has more control over how much milk he drinks.

How do I breastfeed my baby?

Help your baby move his head to reach your breast. Hold the nape of his neck to help him latch onto your breast. Touch his top lip with your nipple and wait for him to open his mouth wide. Your baby's lower lip and chin should touch the areola (dark area around the nipple) first. Help him get as much of the areola in his mouth as possible. You should feel as if your baby will not separate from your breast easily. A correct latch helps your baby get the right amount of milk at each feeding. Allow your baby to breastfeed for as long as he is able.

How often should I breastfeed my baby?

Breastfeed your baby 8 to 12 times each day or as often as he wants. You may need to wake your baby every 3 hours during the night to breastfeed. Try to breastfeed from both breasts equally each day. Express your breast milk every 3 to 4 hours if you are away from your baby. Express the milk with your hands or use a breast pump to empty your breasts. Ask your caregiver for more information about expression, collection, and storage of breast milk.

How will I know when my baby is ready to breastfeed?

Your baby may let you know when he is ready to breastfeed. He may be wide awake and moving his arms and legs more. He may turn his head toward your breast and move his mouth more. He may put his hand up to his mouth and suck his fingers or his fist. Crying is often a late sign that your baby is hungry. Crying may make it hard for him to latch onto your breast.

How do I know if my baby is latched on correctly?

  • You can hear your baby swallow.

  • Your baby is relaxed and takes slow, deep mouthfuls.

  • Your breast or nipple does not hurt during breastfeeding.

  • Your baby is able to suckle milk right away after he latches on.

  • Your nipple is the same shape when your baby is done breastfeeding.

  • Your breast is smooth, with no wrinkles or dimples where your baby is latched on.

How do I know if my baby is not latched on correctly?

  • You hear whistling, clicking, or other noises during breastfeeding.

  • You have nipple or breast pain while breastfeeding.

What is co-sleeping?

Co-sleeping is when your baby sleeps with you in bed at night. Co-sleeping is not safe for your baby. There is a chance that your baby may choke or have trouble breathing. Ask your caregiver for more information on sleeping and safety while breastfeeding.

Where can I find more information?

  • American Academy of Pediatrics
    141 Northwest Point Boulevard
    Elk Grove Village , IL 60007-1098
    Phone: 1- 847 - 434-4000
    Web Address: http://www.aap.org
  • La Leche League International
    957 North Plum Grove Road
    Schaumburg , IL 60173
    Phone: 1- 847 - 519-7730
    Phone: 1- 800 - 525-3243
    Web Address: http://www.lalecheleague.org

When should I contact my caregiver?

Contact your caregiver if:

  • You have a fever.

  • Your baby is 4 or more days old and has fewer than 6 wet diapers each day.

  • Your baby is 6 or more days old and has fewer than 3 to 4 bowel movements each day.

  • You feel you are not making enough breast milk for your baby.

  • One or both of your breasts is red, swollen or hard, painful, and feels warm or hot.

  • You see or feel a tender lump in your breast.

  • You feel very depressed.

When should I seek immediate care?

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • Your baby shows signs of dehydration, such as sunken eyes, dry skin, fast breathing, or few or no wet diapers.

Care Agreement

You have the right to plan how you are going to feed your baby. To help with this plan, you must learn as much as you can about breastfeeding. Ask your primary healthcare provider questions about breastfeeding. You can talk with him about the best way to feed your baby.The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

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