Cryosurgery For Prostate Cancer


Cryosurgery, also called cryotherapy or cryoablation, is surgery to treat prostate cancer by freezing the prostate cancer cells. The prostate is a male sex gland that helps make semen.



  • Antibiotics: This medicine is given to fight or prevent an infection caused by bacteria. Always take your antibiotics exactly as ordered by your healthcare provider. Do not stop taking your medicine unless directed by your healthcare provider. Never save antibiotics or take leftover antibiotics that were given to you for another illness.

  • Pain medicine: You may be given a prescription medicine to decrease pain. Do not wait until the pain is severe before you take this medicine.

  • Take your medicine as directed. Call your healthcare provider if you think your medicine is not helping or if you have side effects. Tell him if you are allergic to any medicine. Keep a list of the medicines, vitamins, and herbs you take. Include the amounts, and when and why you take them. Bring the list or the pill bottles to follow-up visits. Carry your medicine list with you in case of an emergency.

Follow up with your primary healthcare provider as directed:

Ask your primary healthcare provider when you should return to have your wound checked, catheter taken out, or stitches removed. Ask if you need to have radiation therapy and when you need to return for the treatment. Write down your questions so you remember to ask them during your visits.


  • Exercises: Learn how to do pelvic floor exercises. These exercises squeeze your pelvic floor muscles and help them become stronger. Ask your primary healthcare provider when to start doing these exercises, and how often to do them.

  • Rest as often as you need to. Rest is important for your recovery. Do not return to your regular activities too quickly. Start slowly and do more as you feel stronger. Rest during the day. Plan for 6 to 8 hours of sleep each night. Contact your healthcare provider if you are not able to sleep.

Bladder care:

  • Catheter: You may need to learn how to insert a catheter by yourself if you need to replace your old catheter. A catheter is a soft rubber tube that you put into your urethra to drain your urine. Ask your primary healthcare provider for more information on self-catheterization and catheter care.

  • Voiding: Do not let your bladder become too full before you empty it. Set regular times each day to urinate. Urinate as soon as you feel the need. Try to urinate every 3 hours while you are awake. Do not drink liquids right before you go to bed. At bedtime, urinate before you lie down. This will keep you from having to get up to urinate after you go to bed.

Eat a variety of healthy foods:

Healthy foods include fruits, vegetables, whole-grain breads, low-fat dairy products, beans, lean meats, and fish. You may need to eat more calories than usual. Work with a dietitian to plan the best meals and snacks for you. Ask if you should add vitamins to your diet. Healthy foods can help do any of the following:

  • Provide the protein, carbohydrates, and other nutrients your body needs

  • Help you feel better during treatment and decrease treatment side effects

  • Decrease your risk for infection

  • Help you have more energy and feel stronger

  • Help you maintain a healthy weight and heal more quickly

Drinking liquids:

Drink extra liquids to avoid dehydration (loss of body fluid). You will also need to replace fluid if you are vomiting or have diarrhea from cancer treatments. Ask your caregiver which liquids to drink and how much you need each day.

Sexual activity:

You may have sex if you feel well. After cryosurgery, you may have problems such as trouble having an erection. These problems may not last long and most can be helped. Talk to your primary healthcare provider if you are worried or have concerns.

Wound care:

When you are allowed to bathe or shower, carefully wash the incisions with soap and water. Dry the area and put on new, clean bandages as directed. Change your bandages when they get wet or dirty.

For more information:

  • American Cancer Society
    250 Williams Street
    Atlanta , GA 30303
    Phone: 1- 800 - 227-2345
    Web Address:

Contact your primary healthcare provider if:

  • You cannot make it to your next visit.

  • You have a fever.

  • You have blood in your urine or have trouble urinating.

  • You have chills, a cough, or feel weak and achy.

  • You are dizzy, nauseated, or vomiting.

  • You have questions or concerns about your condition or care.

Seek care immediately or call 911 if:

  • You cannot urinate, or if you have a catheter, no urine is filling the bag.

  • You have a blocked catheter or a problem with your catheter.

  • You have pain that does not decrease or go away after you take your medicine.

  • You have redness, pain, blood, or drainage where the catheter enters your penis.

  • Your symptoms are getting worse or coming back.

  • Your urine becomes very cloudy, and it smells bad.

  • You suddenly feel lightheaded and short of breath.

  • You have chest pain when you take a deep breath or cough. You may cough up blood.

  • Your arm or leg feels warm, tender, and painful. It may look swollen and red.

© 2014 Truven Health Analytics Inc. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. All illustrations and images included in CareNotes® are the copyrighted property of A.D.A.M., Inc. or Truven Health Analytics.

The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.

Learn more about Cryosurgery For Prostate Cancer (Discharge Care)